Friday, December 31, 2010

THE MAN AND HIS LEGACY A portrait of PSG Govindasamy Naidu

Great legacies have mostly had humble beginnings. But, they have all been ignited by a grand dream. One such simple dream that has enriched generations in this entire region is the legacy of the PSG family and its institutions.

Coimbatore today is known nationally for its industries and educational institutions, which were founded and patronised by its enterprising people. If one were to go into the past to study the origin of the early industries and educational institutions, the PSG legacy will weave a beautiful story.

The founder
The P.S.G. family, belonging to the Kammavar sect of the Naidu community, traces its history to Periya Veedu Venkatarama Naidu in the later part of the 18th or the beginning of the 19th centuries. The letter `P' in P.S.G. is derived from Periya Veedu, `S' after Sama Naidu, the third son of Venkatarama Naidu, and `G' after Govindadamy Naidu, the second son of Sama Naidu.
The Origin of the family could be traced to its forbear Sri Venkatarama Naidu who belonged to the family of 'Periya Veedu' (The big House) related to the 'Mailati Gothra' of the 'Kankallar' group belonging to the Ubbayathi Kammavar Community of Naidus. Sri Venkatarama Naidu had four sons by name Tharmakartha Muthu Naidu, Linga Naidu, Sama Naidu and Rangaswamy Naidu. It is from the third son, Sri Sama Naidu that the P.S.G. Family has directly descended. The 'P' in the famous triplet 'P.S.G'. refers to the name of the house, and the 'S' in it to Sri Sama Naidu.

It was P.S. Govindadamy Naidu, the founder of the legacy, who gave Coimbatore its four illustrious sons — P.S.G. Venkatasamy Naidu, P.S.G Rangasamy Naidu, P.S.G Ganga Naidu and P.S.G Narayanasamy Naidu.

The Naidu family, like many others in the region, were simple farmers in Peelamedu. P.S. Govindasamy Naidu inherited about 14 acres of land, of which more than half were dry lands.
He then slowly started trading in cotton and tobacco, earning a name for his integrity, commercial insight and acumen. The family slowly established a sizeable cotton trade with many of the mostly British-owned mills in the city. With the flourishing trade, they acquired land, which they irrigated with the help of oil-powered engines and were the first to use tractors in their farms. A ginning factory was also established in 1911.

It was 1918, a war was going on and disaster struck the PSG family. Trade took a beating and P.S. Govindadamy Naidu passed away.

At that stage, it was Ganga Naidu who stressed the need for the family to establish a spinning mill. After much persuasion, the family yielded to his enthusiasm and the Sri Ranga Vilas Ginning, Spinning and Weaving Mills was started in 1922, the fourth mill in Coimbatore.

Enterprising brothers
The enterprising P.S.G brothers were also the first (in 1931) to use electric power from the Pykara Electricity System, replacing the older technology of generating power through steam engines.

Their courage and forethought has continued till date, with the family having many such firsts to its credit.

The businesses of the P.S.G family started to grow and flourish and now, one can see its descendants running a diverse pool of large industries.

Foray into education
Those days children had to travel by foot into the town for education. Locals felt the need for a school in the Peelamedu region, and with this in mind, the P.S.G family in 1921 took the lead along with the people of the area.

Three years later, on June 4, 1924, the Sarvajana School was inaugurated by Venkatraman Iyyangar, the then member of Council of State.

In a land where giving and serving is a way of life, the PSG brothers were no different. The illustrious sons of P.S. Govindadamy Naidu took a historic decision to divide their wealth not into four parts, but into five, with the fifth to be willed to charity.

Drawing inspiration from the educational Pachaiappan Trust and `industrial' Chengalvarayon Trust, they formed the P.S. Govindadamy Naidu and Sons Charities. This was registered on January 26, 1926.

The PSG Charities was different in that its trustees wanted it to be self-sustaining and forward thinking. P.S.G Rangasamy Naidu was the initial torchbearer and the trust's first managing trustee, with the other brothers concentrating on commerce.

The facade of the Sarvajana School
It is said that the trust took its form and shape under him. This visionary, termed the trust's architect, was conferred the prestigious British India honour of Dewan Bahadur in 1941.
Technical institute

The P.S.G. Trust and its institutions continued to grow and in 1926, the foundation stone was laid for the P.S.G Industrial Institute. Soon, others things followed.

In 1940, P.S.G manufactured the first baling press for the textile industry; in 1947, it set up the first private arts college with the efforts of P.S.G. Ganga Naidu, and in 1951, established the College of Technology.

After a gap of three decades, the Institute of Medical Science and Research came up in 1985. What is most noticeable is that the institutions always worked in relation to reality, producing and providing products and services needed for the industry.

For institutions, especially those with a charitable orientation, to not only stay afloat but also be progressive even 75 years later, is an achievement.

Making a mark
Many tall personalities have originated from the P.S.G line, from the great educationist G.R. Damodaran to G. R. Govindarajulu and Chandrakanthi Govindarajulu and the late G. Varadaraj. Many in the P.S.G line continue to make a mark in many areas like educationist Dr. D. Padmanaban, industrialist Rajshree Pathy and racer Narain Karthikeyan.

Many others in the family run successful industries and also have established other trusts and institutions for the benefit of society.

The thousands who have been educated in these institutions have become entrepreneurs, academics and professionals, contributing and enriching society in their own way.

Wednesday, December 29, 2010

Infinite Vision - Padmashri Dr.Govindappa Venkataswamy

Dr. Govindappa Venkataswamy (1918–2006, b. Vadamalapuram, near Sivakasi, Virudhunagar dist, Tamil Nadu) is an Indian ophthalmologist and 1973 recipient of Padma Sri award.

Born in 1918 in Vadamalapuram in Tamil Nadu, India, Dr.G.Venkataswamy, Founder, Aravind Eye Hospital had his education at American College, Madurai, Stanley Medical College, Madras and qualified for MS Ophthalmology at the Government Ophthalmic Hospital, Madras. He first joined the Indian Army as Physician during 1945-48. He then was appointed Head of Department of Ophthalmology at the Government Madurai Medical College, and eye surgeon at the Government Erskine Hospital at Madurai. He held these posts for 20 years and made remarkable contributions to research, clinical service and community programmes. And with a willpower and dedication far beyond the ordinary, he went on to perform over one hundred thousand successful eye surgeries, and that too with fingers that were badly affected with a rare disease. As a young man he followed the teachings of Gandhi.

More than a century and a half after the German poet and dramatist Von Goethe’s impassioned plea, ophthalmologist Dr.G.Venkataswamy persuaded his colleagues and staff to action: “If you can do something, then you must go ahead and do it.”

A quarter of a century ago, at mandatory retirement age, fifty eight year old Dr.Venkataswamy, a man known to most of us simply as Dr.V, founded the Aravind Eye Hospital at Madurai in 1977. In an eleven-bed hospital manned by four medical officers, he saw the potential for what is today, one of the largest facilities in the world for eye care. Over the years, this organisation has evolved into a sophisticated system dedicated to compassionate service for sight. The mission of this organisation in the words of its founder was “to eradicate needless blindness”. The endeavour required a leap of imagination, vision and innovation. In India alone, there are 12 million who are blind, and 80% of these are blind due to cataract. To this enormous number another 2 to 3 million are added every year. Despite staggering obstacles, Dr.V. and his team persisted. Using mass marketing and an operating system that resembles an assembly line, they helped the modest hospital to grow steadily in service delivery and infrastructure. And a system that enabled Aravind to provide free eye care to two-thirds of its patients from the revenue generated from its one-third paying patients. Twenty-five years later that system is still in place.

Only a biography can say enough of a man who makes use of every second, every paise and every inch of space. He has an amazing ability to use everyone effectively. He is the father of Community Ophthalmology, and because of his ‘Vision’ numerous people have been able to see again. It was his dream of being able to market ‘good eye-sight’ to the world, the way McDonald’s sells hamburgers. It is no wonder that around eight hundred thousand surgeries have been performed and lakhs of people have benefited from services rendered through his organisations. In his words “ in Aravind, we scan new horizons and look forward to exploring new vistas in eye care”.

Dr.Venkataswamy was conferred Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1973.

Degrees earned: 
Bachelor of Arts in chemistry from American College in Madurai in 1938
Doctor of Medicine from Stanley Medical College in Madras in 1944
Doctor of ophthalmology at the Government Ophthalmic Hospital in Madras in 1951
Honorary Doctorate from University of Illinois, 1985

Padma Shri , 1973
Lifetime Service Award from the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, 1982
Helen Keller International Award, 1987
International Blindness Prevention Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology, 1993
WHO Award for Health for All
Academy International Blindness Prevention Award
International Social Entrepreneurship Award
Medal of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.
Raja-Lakshmi Award for the year 2001 from Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation, Chennai.
Harold Wit Lectureship, Harvard Divinity School, 1991
Pisart-Lighthouse for the Blind Award, 1992
Susruta Award, Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology, 1997.
World Telugu Federation honoured him in the year 2000.
Dr.B.C.Roy Award – 2001

Tuesday, December 28, 2010

Leela Naidu One of the Most Beautiful Women in the World

Leela Naidu (1940 - 28 July 2009) was an Indian actress who starred in a small number of Hindi and English films, including Yeh Raaste Hain Pyaar Ke (1963), based on the famous real-life Nanavati case, and The Householder, Merchant Ivory Productions' first film. She was Femina Miss India in 1954, and was featured in the Vogue along with Maharani Gayatri Devi in the list of 'World's Ten Most Beautiful Women' and is remembered for her classical beauty and subtle acting style.

Early life:
Leela Naidu was born in Mumbai to Dr. Pattipati Ramiah Naidu, a well known nuclear physicist from Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh, who worked under the supervision of Nobel Laureate Madame Curie for his doctoral thesis in Paris. He was Scientific Advisor to UNESCO for Southeast Asia, and later, an advisor to the Tata group. Her mother, Indologist Dr. Marthe Naidu, was of Swiss-French origin, and earned her Ph.D. from the Sorbonne.

Leela Naidu was crowned Femina Miss India in 1954, and the same year was featured in Vogue magazine's list of the world's ten most beautiful women.

Film career:
Naidu made her film debut alongside Balraj Sahni in Anuradha (1960), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Mukherjee cast Naidu in the role after he happened to see one of her pictures taken by Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay. Though it was not successful at the box office, the film went on to win the National Award for Best Film, and garnered Naidu critical acclaim. The movie's music, including the songs Jaane kaise sapnon mein kho gayeen ankhiyan and Kaise din beete kaisi beeti ratiyan, were composed by sitar maestro Ravi Shankar. Naidu's next film was Nitin Bose's Ummeed (1962), alongside Ashok Kumar and Joy Mukherjee.

She played an offbeat role as an adulterous wife in Yeh Raaste Hain Pyar Ke (1963), directed by R. K. Nayyar. The movie, which co-starred Sunil Dutt and Rehman, was based on the real life case K. M. Nanavati vs. State of Maharashtra.Despite its topical nature and controversial theme, the movie flopped; however, some of its songs, notably "Ye Khaamoshiyaan, Ye Tanahaaiyaan," became quite popular.

In 1963, Naidu played the lead role of a rebellious young bride in the first Merchant Ivory film, The Householder, directed by James Ivory. After watching her performance, Satyajit Ray planned an English film, The Journey, with Marlon Brando, Shashi Kapoor and Naidu, but sadly the film was never made. She was considered for the role of Rosie in Vijay Anand's Guide (1965), but the role required a trained dancer, and so Naidu lost out to Waheeda Rehman. Her last film in Hindi mainstream cinema was Baghi (1964) a costume extravaganza co-starring Pradeep Kumar, Vijaya Choudhury, and Mumtaz.

Later, Naidu made a guest appearance in the Merchant-Ivory film, The Guru (1969). She returned to cinema in 1985 to play a Goan matriarch in Shyam Benegal's period film, Trikaal. Her appearance in Electric Moon (1992), directed by Pradip Krishen, turned out to be her last cinematic role.

She turned down Raj Kapoor four times when he approached her for casting her in his films.

In September 2009, Lila, a documentary on Leela Naidu's life, by Bidisha Roy Das and Priyanjana Dutta was released.

Personal life:
In 1956, at the age of 17, she married Tilak Raj Oberoi, son of Mohan Singh Oberoi, the founder of the luxury Oberoi Hotels chain. Tilak Raj, known as "Tikki", was 33 years old at the time. Naidu and Oberoi had twin daughters, Maya and Priya. The brief marriage ended in divorce, and Oberoi won custody of the girls. Subsequently, Naidu met philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti while in London, and was deeply attracted to his teachings. In 1969, she was married for the second time, to Mumbai poet Dom Moraes. They lived in Hong Kong, New York, New Delhi, and Mumbai for about 25 years. After the relationship ended, Naidu led a somewhat reclusive life in Colaba, Mumbai.

Her grandsons are Adam, Maya's son, and Erwan, Priya's son. Priya died of a heart attack on February 8, 2008. Naidu also has a god-daughter of four decades, Oopali Operajita, whom she met at Rishi Valley School, who is a Distinguished Faculty Fellow at Carnegie Mellon University, a celebrated classical Odissi danseuse, and a Senior Adviser to several of India's prominent leaders in the Lok Sabha.

Leela Naidu died in Mumbai on 28 July 2009, the day before Maharani Gayatri Devi died, due to lung failure after a prolonged bout of influenza, at the age of 69.

Anuradha (1960), aka Love of Anuradha (International: English title) .... Anuradha Roy Ummeed (1962)
Yeh Raste Hain Pyar Ke (1963) .... Neena
The Householder (1963), aka Gharbar ....
Indu Baghi (1964)
The Guru (1969) .... Girl at the Party
Trikaal (Past, Present and Future) (1985) .... Dona Maria Souzasoares
Electric Moon (1992) .... Socks

Man of the World .... Dr. Bahandi (1 episode - "The Frontier" , 1962)
Changing The Face in the Sun (1 episode - "The Young and the Bold" , 1964) .... Anna

Sunday, December 26, 2010

Tamilnadu Kammavar History - 3

విరుదునగర్ జిల్లా:
విరుదునగర్ జిల్లాలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా శివకాశి, తిరుతంగల్, వాడపట్టి, టి.పేరురాచ్చి, సిద్దురాజపురం, విశ్వనట్ట, వెండురాయపురం, నారాయణపురం, రాజపాల్లయం, ఎల్లింగనాయకన్పట్టి, సత్రరేడ్డయ్యపట్టి, అల్లంపట్టి, కుమారలింగాపురం, విరుదునగర్, మిసలూరు, తాడంబట్టి, వండిపురి నాయకనూరు, పులియంకుల, ఎత్తిర్కొట్టై, దమ్మనాయకేన్ పట్టి, వచ్చాక్కరపట్టి, రోసల్పట్టి, సేదపట్టి, సత్తూరు, శ్రివిల్లిపుత్తూరు, కలంగపేరి, కసిరేడ్డియ్యపట్టి, ఎరిచినట్ట, కీలతిరుత్తంగల్, మంగళ, అరుప్పుకొట్టై, పాలయంపట్టి, గోపాలపురం, కంచనాయకేన్పట్టి, కొట్టిపరై, తునుకపట్టి, అప్పయ్యనాయకేన్పట్టి, పుదుపట్టి, నల్లమనాయకేన్పట్టి, మెట్టుపట్టి, నాగలాపురం, ఓమనాయకన్పట్టి, పేరయంబట్టి, కరిశాల్పట్టి, పండలకుడి, కొప్పిసిత్తంపట్టి, మొదలైన ప్రాంతాలలో ఉన్నారు.

తమిళనాడులో కమ్మవారి జనాభా అధికంగా కలిగిన జిల్లాలలో విరుదునగర్ మొదటిది. ఈ జిల్లాలో శివకాశి, రాజపల్లయం, శ్రివిల్లిపుత్తూరు, సత్తూరు, అరుప్పుకొట్టై మొదలగు తాలుకాలలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా అధికంగా ఉంది. ఈ జిల్లా నుండి ఇంతవరకు అత్యధిక సంఖ్యలో కమ్మ యం.యల్.ఏలు, యం.పిలు ఎన్నికయ్యారు. శివకాశి నుండి గత ఐదు దశాబ్దాలలో రెండు సార్లు తప్ప మిగిలిన అన్ని సార్లు కమ్మవారే యం.పిలు గా ఎన్నికయ్యారు. తమిళనాడులో కమ్మవారికి బలమైన పార్లమెంటరీ నియోజకవర్గం శివకాశి.శివకాశి నుండి యం.పిలు గా ఎన్నికయ్యిన కమ్మవారు: ఆర్.రామమూర్తి, యం.సౌందరరాజన్ (మూడు సార్లు), వి.జయలక్ష్మి (మూడు సార్లు), వి.గోపాలస్వామి (వైకో), వి.అలగిరిస్వామి. ప్రస్తుతం సత్తూరు తాలూకా, సిప్పిపరై గ్రామానికి చెందిన రవిచంద్రన్ (యం.డి.యం.కే) 2008 సంవత్సరం వరకు శివకాశి యం.పి గా ఉన్నారు.

విరుదునగర్ జిల్లా నుండి యం.యల్.ఏ.లు గా ఎన్నికయినవారు:
డి.కే.రాజు, వి.వి.రామస్వామి, ఎస్.రామస్వామి నాయుడు, ఆర్.కృష్ణస్వామి నాయుడు, యమ.డి.రామస్వామి, యస్.పరమశివం, యస్.యస్.భారతి, ఎస్.రామస్వామి నాయుడు, పి.శ్రీనివాసన్, ఎస్.ఆర్.నాయుడు, సంజయ్ రామస్వామి, యం.జి.రామభద్రన్, యం.సౌందరరాజన్, యం.రామస్వామి, యన్.ఆర్.కృష్ణస్వామి నాయకర్, ఏ.ఆర్.ఆర్.శ్రీనివాసన్, ఆర్.శ్రీనివాసన్ నాయకర్, వి.బాలకృష్ణన్, కే.రామస్వామి, జే.బాలగంగాధరన్, ఏ.రాజగోపాల్, ఎస్.కే.రామస్వామి, యన్.వి.గురుస్వామి నాయుడు (అందిపట్టి), మునుస్వామి, జి.దళపతి మొదలైన వారు. ప్రస్తుతం ఆర్.జ్ఞానదాసు శివకాశి యం.యల్.ఏ. గా ఉన్నారు.

విరుదునగర్ జిల్లాలో కమ్మ ప్రముఖులు:
జస్టిస్. కే.వీరాస్వామి: జస్టిస్. కే.వీరాస్వామి మద్రాస్ హైకోర్టు న్యాయమూర్తి గాను, ప్రధాన న్యాయమూర్తి గాను పని చేసారు. కమ్మవారిలో హైకోర్టు న్యాయమూర్తి, ప్రధాన న్యాయమూర్తి గా పనిచేసిన వారిలో ఈయనే ప్రధములు. మద్రాస్ హైకోర్ట్ జడ్గిగా, పంజాబ్ హైకోర్ట్ ప్రధాన న్యాయమూర్తిగా చేసి ఆ తరువాత సుప్రీం కోర్ట్ న్యాయమూర్తిగ పనిచేసిన జుస్టిస్.వి.రామస్వామి వీరి కుమారుడే.

జస్టిస్.వి.రామస్వామి: జస్టిస్.వి.రామస్వామి మద్రాస్ హైకోర్ట్ జడ్గిగా, పంజాబ్ హైకోర్ట్ ప్రధాన న్యాయమూర్తిగా చేసి ఆ తరువాత సుప్రీం కోర్ట్ న్యాయమూర్తిగా పదవి విరమణ చేసారు. ఆ తరువాత ఈయన తమిళనాడు లా కమిషన్ చ్చైర్మన్ గా కొంత కాలం పనిచేసారు. జస్టిస్.రామస్వామి తనయుడు సంజయ్ రామస్వామి కొంతకాలం శివకాశి యం.యల్.ఏ (కాంగ్రెస్) గా ఉన్నారు. సంజయ్ ప్రసిద్ధ నటి శ్రీదేవి సోదరి శ్రీలత ను వివాహం చేసుకున్నారు.

శ్రీదేవి: ప్రఖ్యాత నటి శ్రీదేవి శివకాశి లో జన్మించింది. శ్రీదేవి తండ్రి అయ్యప్పన్ శివకాశిలో అడ్వకేట్, తరువాత మద్రాస్ కు మకాం మార్చారు.

జస్టిస్. కే.మోహనరాం: జస్టీస్.కే.మోహనరాం ప్రస్తుతం మద్రాస్ హైకోర్టు జడ్జిగా ఉన్నారు. ఈయన శివకాశి దగ్గరలోని వల్లంపట్టి గ్రామంలో జన్మించారు.

జస్టిస్.వెంకటస్వామి: మాజీ మద్రాస్ హైకోర్టు మరియు సుప్రీం కోర్ట్ న్యాయమూర్తి జస్టిస్.వెంకటస్వామి విరుదునగర్ జిల్లా వారే.

జస్టిస్.జి.రామానుజం: జస్టిస్.జి.(చెరుకూరి)రామానుజం 1969-85 మధ్య కాలం, 16 సంవత్సరాలు మద్రాస్ హైకోర్టు జడ్జీగా పనిచేసారు. ఈయన ప్రముఖ పుణ్య క్షేత్రం శ్రివిల్లిపుత్తూరు ప్రాంతానికి చెందిన వారు.

పి.శ్రీనివాసన్: తమిళనాడు అసెంబ్లీ డిప్యుటి స్పీకర్ గా 1967 లో ఎన్నికైన పి.శ్రీనివాసన్ ఆ సంవత్సరం జరిగిన అసెంబ్లీ ఎన్నికలలో అతి చిన్నవయసు (24 సంవత్సరాలు) లోనే, మొదటిసారిగా విరుదునగర్ నియోజకవర్గం నుండి డి.యం.కే అభ్యర్ధి గా పోటీ చేసి కాకలు తీరిన యోధుడు కామరాజ్ నాడార్ ను మట్టి కరిపించి, సంచలన విజయం సాధించాడు. ఈయన తెలుగు, తమిళ సినీ నటి వాసంతిని వివాహం చేసుకున్నారు.

వి. బాలచంద్రన్ IPS : ప్రముఖ హీరో రాజశేఖర్ బావ, శ్రీ.వి.బాలచంద్రన్ తమిళనాడు కమ్మవారి లో మొదటి IPS ఆఫీసర్. ఈయన తమిళనాడు DGP గా పదవి విరమణ చేశారు.

హీరో రాజశేఖర్: తెలుగు, తమిళ హీరో రాజశేఖర్ శివకాశి దగ్గర గ్రామంలో జన్మించారు. ఈయన తండ్రి వరదరాజులు చెన్నై అసిస్టెంట్ కమిషనర్ ఆఫ్ పోలీసు గా పనిచేసి పదవి విరమణ చేశారు.

Saturday, December 25, 2010

Tamilnadu Kammavar History - 2

తిరునల్వేలి జిల్లా:

తిరునల్వేలి జిల్లాలో కోవిల్పట్టి, కళింగపట్టి, సత్తెరపట్టి, వరహనూర్, ముక్కుట్టుమలై, ఇలరసనందల్, పులియంకలవ్, సిత్తరంపట్టి, అప్పనేరి, అయ్యనేరి, నక్కల ముత్తంపత్తి (కమ్మ క్రిస్టియన్స్ ఎక్కువ), నడువపట్టి, మైపార, సంగనట్టి, వెల్లకులవ్, ఆకరిశంకులవ్, అలమనయకర్పట్టి, వడక్కు కుర్వికులం, కురింజకులం, సుందరేశపురం, కులకట్టకురుచ్చి, వాడక్కుపట్టి, పిల్లియార్నట్టం, జమీన్ దేవరకులం, , రామలింగాపురం, తెర్కుకుర్వికులం, మలయాన్కులం, మరుదాపురం, కే.అలంగులం, నలంతుల, నడువకురుచ్చి, కులశేఖర మంగళ, అచంబట్టి, వెల్లపనేరి, తిరువెంగులం పెరురచ్చి మొదలైన ప్రాంతాలలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా అధికంగా ఉంది. తిరునల్వేలి జిల్లాలో కొన్ని గ్రామాలలో (ఆలమనైకెర్పట్టి) కమ్మవారి జనాభా 90% పైగా ఉంటుంది.

తిరునల్వేలి జిల్లా, కోవిల్పట్టి తాలుకా లో తమిళనాడు కమ్మ మహాజన సంఘం జిల్లా కార్యాలయం ఉంది. ఇక్కడ ప్రతినెలా సమావేశాలు నిర్వహిస్తుంటారు, మ్యారేజ్ బ్యూరో ఉంది. ఈ జిల్లాలో, కమ్మవారి సంఘం విశ్వనాధపేరి లో 'కమ్మవార్ హైస్కూల్' మరియు కోవిల్పట్టి లో 'కమ్మవారి బాలికల హైస్కూల్' నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు. తమిళనాడు కమ్మ మహజన సంఘం అధ్యక్షులు గెంగుస్వామి నాయుడు గారి సహకారంతో ఈ రెండు విద్యాలయాలు స్తాపించబడ్డాయి. కోవిల్పట్టి పట్టణంలో కమ్మవారి బ్యాంకు కూడా స్థాపించబడింది. 

ఈ జిల్లాలో పెరియకులం పార్లమెంట్ స్థానం నుండి గతంలో ఆర్.జ్ఞానస్వామి, నారాయణస్వామి నాయుడు యం.పి గా ఎన్నికయ్యారు. ఈ జిల్లాలో గతంలో గోవిందస్వామి నాయకర్, లక్ష్మీపతి నాయకర్, రామస్వామిదాస్, అలగిరిస్వామి, వెంకటస్వామి నాయకర్, డి.కే.నాయుడు, రెంగస్వామి, డి.వేణుగోపాల్ నాయుడు, వి.కృష్ణస్వామి, అయ్యలుస్వామి, బాలకృష్ణన్, ఎస్.కే.రామస్వామి, యల్.రాధాకృష్ణన్  మొదలైనవారు యం.యల్.ఏ లు గా ఎన్నికయ్యారు. కోవిల్పట్టి ప్రస్తుత యం.యల్.ఏ, మంత్రి కదంబుర్ రాజు (ఏ.ఐ.డి.యం.కే) కమ్మవారే.  కమ్మవారి జనాభా అధికంగా  ఈ స్థానం నుండి గత ఆరు దశాబ్దాలుగా కమ్మవారే శాసనసభ్యులుగా ఎన్నికవుతున్నారు. విశేషమేమిటంటే ఇక్కడ అన్ని పార్టీలనుండి కమ్మవారే పోటీచేస్తుంటారు.

ఏం డి ఏం కె అధ్యక్షుడు, మాజీ పార్లమెంటు సభ్యుడు వైగో (పులిపాటి గోపాలస్వామి) కోవిల్పట్టి సమీపంలోని కళింగపట్టి గ్రామానికి చెందిన భూస్వామ్య కుటుంబానికి చెందిన వారు.  తెలుగు దేశం మాజీ మంత్రి యెర్నేని సీతాదేవి కోవిల్పట్టి సమీపంలోని అయ్యనేరి గ్రామానికి చెందిన వారే, ఆవిడ తండ్రి మాజీ సివిల్ సర్వీస్ అధికారి. 

కోవిల్పట్టి పట్టణంలో కమ్మవారు అనేక ఆసుపత్రులు నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు. ఈ పట్టణంలోని డాక్టర్లలో 50% మంది కమ్మవారే. ఈ జిల్లానుండి అనేకమంది కమ్మవారు ఐ ఏ ఎస్, ఐ పి ఎస్, మరియు ప్రభుత్వ ఉన్నతోద్యోగాలలో ఉన్నారు. ఈ సంవత్సరం ఈ ప్రాంతం నుండి ఇద్దరు కమ్మ విద్యార్థులు సివిల్ సర్వీసెస్ కు ఎన్నికయ్యారు. కోవిల్పట్టి సమీప ప్రాంతాల్లో కమ్మవారు అగ్గిపెట్టెలు, బాణాసంచా పరిశ్రమలు ఏర్పాటు చేసుకుని వ్యాపారం నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు. 


పెమ్మసాని వారు: మధుర నేలిన విశ్వనాధ నాయకుని సామంతులుగా గండికోట రాజ్య పతనం తరువాత అక్కడనుండి వలస వచ్చిన  పెమ్మసాని వంశం వారు కొంత కాలం కుర్వికులం జమీ మరియు కొన్నిచుట్టు పక్క గ్రామాలను తమ ఏలుబడిలో ఉంచుకున్నారు. వీరు కృష్ణా జిల్లా వేల్పూరు గ్రామంలో వియ్యమందారు. వీరి వారసులు జమీని లీజుకిచ్చి ప్రస్తుతం కొవిల్పట్టి పట్టణంలో స్థిరపడి వ్యాపారం నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు.


రావెల్ల/రావిల్ల వారు: మధురై నాయక రాజుల సామంతులుగా ఇళయరాసనందల్, నైకరపట్టి సంస్థానం మరికొన్ని గ్రామాలను రావెల్ల వారు తమ యేలుబడిలో ఉంచుకున్నారు. ఇప్పటికి ఇక్కడి ప్రజలు మధుర నాయక రాజుల వారసులుగా, కమ్మవారిని గౌరవవిస్తారు. ప్రస్తుతం రావిళ్ల సెల్వరాజ్ గారు జమీలోనే నివాసం ఉంటున్నారు, ఆయన సంతానం చెన్నై, కోయంబత్తూరు ప్రాంతాలలో స్థిరపడి వ్యాపారాలు నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు. రావిళ్ల సెల్వరాజ్ గారు తన తండ్రి పేరుమీద రావిళ్ల కె ఆర్ ఏ విద్యాశ్రమ్ పేరుమీద కోవిల్పట్టి పట్టణంలో విశాలమైన ప్రాంగణంలో స్కూలు. కాలేజీ ఏర్పాటుచేసి లాభాపేక్ష లేకుండా నిర్వహిస్తున్నారు. 

To be continued....3

Friday, December 24, 2010

Tamilnadu Kammavar History - 1

Justice Ramaswami, Vaiko, Dr.GV, SriDevi

తమిళనాడు కమ్మవారి చరిత్ర, సమాచారం:
తమిళనాడులో కమ్మవారి జనాభా దక్షిణ తమిళనాడు జిల్లాలు తిరునల్వేలి, తూత్తుకుడి, తేని, దున్డిగల్, విరుదునగర్ జిల్లాలలో ఎక్కువగా ఉంది. తరువాత కోయంబత్తూరు, కడలూరు, వేలూరు, తిరువన్నామలై, విల్లుపురం, మదురై, నీలగిరి, జిల్లాలు మరియు చెన్నై పట్టణంలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా చెప్పుకోదగిన సంఖ్యలో ఉంది.

దక్షిణ తమిళనాడులో కమ్మవారి చరిత్ర:
తమిళనాడు రాష్ట్రంలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా కోవిల్పట్టి, సాత్తూరు, రాజపాల్యం, విరుడునగర్, తేని, శివకాశి, శ్రివిల్లిపుత్తూరు, దున్డిగల్ మొదలైన ప్రాంతాలలో ఎక్కువగా ఉంది. ఈ ప్రాంతంలో కమ్మవారిని ఎక్కువగా 'నాయకర్' పేరుతో పిలుస్తారు. ఈ ప్రాంతంలో కమ్మవారు ఎక్కువగా వ్యవసాయం మీద ఆధారపడి ఉన్నారు. ఇక్కడి కమ్మవారు మన కృష్ణ, గుంటూరు, ఖమ్మం జిల్లాల రైతులవలె ఎక్కువగా నల్లరేగడి నేలల్లో వ్యవసాయం చేస్తూ, ప్రత్తి, పొగాకు, మిర్చి, మొక్కజొన్న వంటి పంటలు పండిస్తున్నారు. నీటి వసతి కలిగిన ప్రాంతాలలో చెరుకు, వరి సాగు చేస్తున్నారు.
ముఖ్యంగా ఈ ప్రాంతం ప్రత్తి పంటకు ప్రసిద్ధి చెందింది, ఈప్రాంతంలో అనేక నూలు మిల్లులు ఉన్నాయి. దక్షిణ భారత దేశంలోనే ప్రసిద్ధి చెందిన 'జయవిలాస్' గ్రూప్, అరుప్పుకొట్టై తాలూకా, విరుదునగర్ జిల్లాలో ఉంది. కమ్మవారిలో ప్రసిద్ధి గాంచిన సాధు రామస్వామి నాయుడు ఈ గ్రూప్ వ్యవస్తాపకులు, వీరు ఈ జిల్లాలో అనేక పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపించారు. వీరికి నూలు మిల్లులు, ట్రాన్స్పోర్టు వ్యాపారం మినీ పవర్ ప్లాంట్ ఉంది. వీరు తమ పరిశ్రమలలో కమ్మవారికి, ముఖ్యంగా స్త్రీలకు ఉద్యోగ అవకాశాలు కల్పించి వారి ఆర్దికభివ్రుద్ధికి తోడ్పడుతున్నారు. ఈ ప్రాంతంలో 'జయలలిత' గత మూడుసార్లు గెలుస్తూ వచ్చిన 'అందిపట్టి' నియోజకవర్గంలో కమ్మవారి జనాభా ఎక్కువ. ఇక్కడ కమ్మవారిచే స్థాపించబడిన 'రాజశ్రీ షుగర్స్' ఎంతోమందికి ఉద్యోగ అవకాశాలు కల్పించింది.

ఇక్కడి కమ్మవారు మిగిలిన ప్రాంతాలవారితో పోల్చితే కొంచెం ఆర్ధికంగా వెనుకబదినవారు, అందువలన తమిళనాడు ప్రభుత్వం ఈ ప్రాంతంలో కమ్మవారిని బి.సి కులంలో చేర్చి విద్య మరియు ఉద్యోగ రంగాలలో కొన్ని రాయితీలు ఇచ్చింది. తమిళనాడులో ఐ.ఏ.ఎస్, ఐ.పి.ఎస్, మరియు ఇతర ఉన్నత పదవులలోని కమ్మవారు ఎక్కువమంది ఈ ప్రాంతంనుండి వచ్చినవారే.

ప్రముఖ రాజకీయ నాయకుడు, యం.డి.యం.కే. వ్యస్తాపకుడు, వైకో (పులిపాటి. వాయుపురి. గోపాలస్వామి) కలింగాపట్టి గ్రామం, తిరునల్వేలి జిల్లాకు చెందినవాడు. మాజీ హైకోర్టు, సుప్రీం కోర్టు న్యాయమూర్తులు జస్టీస్.కే.వీరాస్వామి, వి.రామస్వామి, అలగిరిస్వామి, జస్టీస్.చెరుకూరి.రామానుజం, కే.వెంకటస్వామి, కే.గోవిందరాజన్ మొదలైన వారు శివకాశి, శ్రివిల్లిపుత్తూరు, తేని ప్రాంతాలకు చెందినవారు. ప్రముఖ సినీ నటుడు రాజశేఖర్ దున్డిగల్ జిల్లాకు చెందినవారు. రాజశేఖర్ బావ, తమిళనాడు అడిషనల్ డి.జి.పి వి.బాలచంద్రన్ ఐ.పి.ఎస్. కుడా ఇక్కడి వారే.

Thursday, December 23, 2010

Acquired Griffin for A$750 million: Lanco

Infrastructure company Lanco Infratech (Lagadapati Madhusudhana Rao, Chairman and MD) today said it has acquired Australia-based Griffin Coal Mining for A$750 million (around Rs 3,375 crore). The company which announced the acquisition last week, announced the numbers to beat speculations at A$800-850 million.

The payment will be made through a mix of internal accruals and debt. The company has already tied-up a loan from ICICI Bank for a three-year tenure, with an option to extend it further.

Suresh Kumar, the chief financial officer of Lanco, in an analyst conference call, said the payment for the coal mining company would be done in tranches. “There is an upfront payment and there are two tranches of payments over a period of four years. The deferred payments are high. I would not be able to mention how much, but it is definitely higher than 10-20 per cent.”

Kumar also assured analysts that the acquisition will not be a strain on the balance sheet as they had acquired an operating asset. The coal mine based out of Collie in Western Australia, owns the largest operational thermal coal mines in the region.

Lanco also said capex towards Griffin’s development will be around A$900 million (around Rs 4,050 crore). The company, however, expects this cost would come down significantly if they were to employ a mining contractor.

The company also feels there was a huge scope to bring in operational efficiencies in areas like employee productivity and machinery utilisation and cost incurred by the company even further.

The mine currently produces around 4.5 million tonnes coal per annum (mtpa), and supplies three million tonnes to the Australian market, while 1.5 million tonnes is exported to China, Japan and India. Of this, the company is committed to supply two million tonnes of coal to a power plant which was owned by Griffin coal, but the assets were not a part of the acquired entity.

The capacity of the coal assets of Griffin can be ramped up to over 15 mtpa in the near term, after the development of evacuation facilities like rail and port infrastructure. The mining tenements of the company contain over 1.1 billion tonnes of thermal coal resources.

Griffin, which was formerly owned by tycoon Ric Stowe, was forced to sell it because it was weighed down by a huge debt burden. Lanco, however, will not be acquiring any debt liabilities of the company.

Lanco Infra bags Rs 4,100-cr EPC contract

Lanco Infratech, (Lagadapati Madhusudhana Rao, Chairman and MD) a Hyderabad-based infrastructure company on Tuesday said it has bagged a Rs 4,100-crore EPC contract by a subsidiary of Moser Baer. “The scope of work includes complete main plant and BOP package including civil and structural works on engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) basis,” Lanco said. The project would be to execute the company’s coal based (2x) 600-mega watt power project through international competitive bidding (ICB).

SC Manocha, CEO (EPC), Lanco Infratech said: “The contract is the biggest (EPC) one that we have got outside the Lanco group. With this our order book for the quarter will be R25,720 crore.”

Lanco will just implement the contract and Moser Baer will do the fund-raising, he said.
This is the second major contract for Lanco this year, after the the 660-mega watt Kordai project it got in July. Lanco is also bidding for EPC contracts in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Monday, December 13, 2010

Kamma Cine Heroes

1) N.T.Rama Rao
2) Akkineni Nageswara Rao
3) Gattamaneni Krishna
4) Sobhan Babu (Uppu Sobhana Chalapathi Rao)
5) Gummadi Venkatwsara Rao
6) Maganti Murali Mohan
7) Manchu Mohan Babu
8) Kongara Jaggayya
9) Giri babu (Yerra Seshagiri Rao)
10) Sridhar Surapaneni 
11) Madala Ranga rao
12) Nandamuri Bala Krishna
13) SaiChand Tripuraneni
14) Akkineni Nagarjuna
15) Daggubati Venkatesh
16) Gadde Rajendra Prasad
17) Raja Sekhar (Kasukurthi)
18) Daggubati Raja
19) Bhagya Raj
20) Nandamuri Hari Krishna
21) Veeramachineni Jagapathi Babu
22) Meka Srikanth
23) Vadde Naveen
24) Tottempudi Venu
25) Gattamaneni Mahesh Babu
26) Junior. N.T.R
27) Sivaji Sontineni
28) Nandamuri Taraka Ratna
29) Nandamuri Kalyanaram
30) Yarlagadda Sumanth
31) Tottempudi Gopi Chand
32) Manchu Vishnu Vardhan
33) Manchu Manoj
34) Edara Naresh
35) Edara Aryan Rajesh
36) Ram Pothineni 
37) Myneni Sarvanand
38) Daggubati Rana
39) Akkineni Naga Chaitanya
40) Nani (Ghanta Naveen Kumar)
41) Nara Rohit
42) Posani Sudheer 
43) Susanth Anumolu 
44) Naga Shourya Mulpuri
45) Bellamkonda Srinivas
46) Akkineni Akhil

Ki. Rajanarayanan, Sahitya Academy award winner

Ki. Rajanarayanan (Kammavar from Kovilpatti) popularly known by Tamil initials as Ki. Ra., is a Tamil folklorist and author from India.

Ki. Ra.'s first published short story was Mayamaan (lit. The Magical Deer), which came out in 1958. It was an immediate success. It was followed by many more short stories. Ki Ra's stories are usually based in karisal kaadu (scorched, drought stricken land around Kovilpatti ). He centers his stories around Karisal country's people, their lives, beliefs, struggles and folklore. The novels Gopalla Grammam (lit. Gopalla Village) and its sequel Gopallapurathu Makkal (lit. The People of Gopallapuram) are among his most acclaimed; he won the Sahitya Akademi award for the later in 1991. As a folklorist, Ki. Ra. spent decades collecting folktales from the karisal kaadu and publishing them in popular magazines. In 2007, the Thanjavur based publishing house Annam compiled these folktales into a 944-page book, the Nattuppura Kadhai Kalanjiyam (Collection of Country Tales). As of 2009, he has published around 30 books. A selection of these were translated into English by Pritham K. Chakravarthy and published in 2009 as Where Are You Going, You Monkeys? -- Folktales from Tamil Nadu. Ki. Ra. is well known for his candid treatment of sexual topics, and use of the spoken dialect of Tamil language for his stories (rather than its formal written form). In 2003, his short story kidai was made into a Tamil film titled Oruthi. It was screened in the International Film Festival of India.

Rajanarayanan was born in Idaicheval Chathirapatti village near Kovilpatti in 1922. His full name was "Rayangala Shri Krishna Raja Narayana Perumal Ramanujam Naicker", which he shortened to Ki. Rajanarayanan. He dropped out of school in the seventh standard. He was appointed as a professor of folklore at Pondicherry University in the 1980s. He currently holds the title of Director of Folktales in the university's Documentation and Survey Centre. He was a member of the Communist Party of India and went to prison twice for his participation and support in the CPI organized peasant rebellions during 1947-51.

Concurrent Infra acquires 65k tonne capacity Vakratund Ispat

NEW DELHI: Mumbai-based Concurrent (India) Infrastructure (Sudheer Babu Koneru, Chairman and MD) today said it has completed the acquisition of 65,000 tonne per annum capacity Vakratund Ispat and the production will start tomorrow.

"The outgoing promoters of Vakratund Ispat Pvt Ltd have handed over the possession of the plant and machinery, land and buildings...and with the acquisition being complete, henceforth Vakratund Ispat will be 100 per cent subsidiary of Concurrent (India) Infrastructure," the company said.

It said the production will commence from December 14. "At full capacity utilisation, the plant is expected to generate annual revenue to the tune of Rs 180 crore," the company said in a filing to the Bombay Stock Exchange.

The plant at Sanaswadi in Maharashtra produces rods and structurals used by infrastructure industry.

Commenting on the deal conclusion, company's Managing Director and CEO K Sudhir Babu said though there was some delay in it but "we could make it with the successful financial closure for this acquisition."

Humpy and Harika in World Women Chess Championship quarterfinals

Dronavalli Harika bounced back from the brink of elimination to tame Ukraine's Mariya Muzychuk 4-3 for a place in the quarterfinals of the women's World chess Championship at Hatay, Turkey, on Sunday.

After the players were tied 3-3 by winning a game each in the classical, rapid and blitz formats, it all boiled down to the sudden-death tiebreak game. As per the sudden-death rules, Muzychuk, by virtue of playing white, was allowed five minutes of thinking time — one more than Harika — to win the match. Harika needed only a draw to advance.

Eventually, when Muzychuk ran out of her thinking time after 56 moves, Harika was declared the winner.

Earlier, Harika won the first rapid game with white but Muzychuk snatched the next.

On saturday Grandmaster Koneru Humpy of India made it to the quarterfinals of the World Women Chess Championship after she split point in the second game of the third round against Anna Zatonskih of the United States.

Sri Vyshnavi Yarlagadda wins Gold medal in World Memory Championship

Sri Vyshnavi Yarlagadda (15) of Hyderabad, who received a gold medal at the 19th World Memory Championship (WMC) held at Guangzhou, China, from December 2 to 6. in the names & faces discipline in juniors category.

Saturday, December 11, 2010

Dr.Patcha Ramachandra Rao: A World renowned Scientist

Dr. Patcha Ramachandra Rao (21 March 1942 - 10 January 2010) was a world renowned metallurgist and administrator. He has unique distinction of being the only Vice-Chancellor (2002-05) of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) who was also a student (1963-68) and faculty (1964-92) at that institution. From 1992 to 2002, Dr. Ramachandra Rao was the Director of the National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur. After his tenure as Vice Chancellor of B.H.U., in 2005, Dr. Rao took the reins of the Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) as its first Vice-Chancellor. He was to serve DIAT until his superannuation in 2007. From 2007 till the end, Prof. Ramachandra Rao was a Raja Ramanna Fellow at the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

Dr. Ramachandra Rao was born on 21 March 1942 to Late Sri. Pacha S.R. Narayanaswamy and Late Smt. Laxmi Bai at Kavutavaram in the Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh. His father, the Late Sri Narayanaswamy, was a government servant and retired as Deputy Registrar of Co-operative Societies while his mother, late Smt. Laxmi Bai was also educated and studied up to matriculation when very few women were going to school. From his mothers side, Dr. Rao is the nephew of Late Shri Narla Venkateswara Rao, a Telugu language writer, journalist and politician from Andhra Pradesh, Late Shri Narla Gowri Shankar Rao, an assistant accountant-general (retired) in the Central Government of India, and Late Shri Narla Tata Rao, a doyen of the power sector in India and a former chairman of the Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board.
For the early part of his life, Dr. Ramachandra Rao's parents home-schooled him and admitted him to the seventh grade directly. He completed formal school at the early age of 13. Thereafter, he went onto study intermediate at the newly established Andhra Loyola College at Vijayawada and moved over to Osmania University, Hyderabad for higher education. At the young age of 19 years, in 1961, Dr. Rao graduated with a Masters degree in Physics from the Osmania University in Hyderabad India. Thereafter, in 1963, Dr. Ramachandra Rao graduated from the Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, with a B.E. degree in Metallurgy. During his second year at I.I.Sc Bangalore, Dr. Rao was supported by the Dorabji Tata Trust. His long association with the Banaras Hindu University (B.H.U) began soon afterwards, when his mentor Dr. T.R. Anantharaman encouraged him to enroll in the doctoral program at the Department of Metallurgical Engineering at B.H.U. Dr. Patcha Ramachandra Rao's pioneering doctoral dissertation in Rapid Solidification laid the foundation for the research in this area in India. He obtained his M.Sc. in 1965 and Ph.D in 1968.

Research Contributions
Dr.Patcha Ramachandra Rao pioneered research activities in the area of rapid solidification, an area pertaining to the solidification of liquids at the phenomenal rates of a million degrees per second, in India in the mid 1960s. Such a process leads to the formation of extensive solid solutions, metastable intermediate phases and metallic glasses. He was the first outside the United States of America to conduct research in this technologically important area. Prof. Rao discovered novel intermetallic phases and also the hitherto unexpected phases with 5-fold rotational symmetry. His interests then shifted to identifying the theoretical basis of the formation of such phases and he began to model their formation from a thermodynamic standpoint. Some of the expressions developed for the free energy of undercooled liquids are being used extensively by modellers. The techniques of rapid solidification which were once a matter of scientific curiosity have now been industrially exploited by the advanced countries in the form of novel metallic glass-based transformer core materials, fine grained high strength alloys, new hard magnetic materials etc. Many noteworthy contributions made by Dr. Rao, his students and erstwhile colleagues at the Banaras Hindu University have brought immense recognition to India as an important centre for rapid solidification studies.

In the past decade, Professor Ramachandra Rao's interests shifted to the synthesis of materials by following routes which are very similar to those practiced by living organisms. This new area of investigation aptly called biomimetics has the potential of avoiding environmental pollution and energy expenditure. Most methods operate at room temperature and ambient pressure. Prof. Ramachandra Rao and his students and colleagues have successfully synthesized calcium carmonate, calcium hydroxy apatite and some metallic nanocrystals through this route. The calcium hydroxy apatite has the potential for prosthetic applications. Animal studies involving rabbits have been conducted at the Banaras Hindu University. One of Dr. Ramachandra Rao's students has commercialized the apatite powders for dental applications.

Besides biomimetics he has also worked on ceramic materials and their production by self propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS). Other routes for nano material synthesis were also explored. Studies were also conducted on natural composite materials like bamboo and synthetic composites and steels.

Since retirement Dr. Ramachandra Rao had been pursuing theoretical studies involving the specific heats of about 11 metals which undergo the hexagonal to body centred cubic phase transformation. He and his associates had discovered some systematics in the thermodynamic properties of these metals but a real solution to the problem has evaded them for over 25 years.
Personal life
Dr. Rao had many special gifts apart from science. He played the mridangam, recited poems and drew cartoons including one of Linus Pauling Dr. Ramachandra Rao was married to Smt. Sudha Rao in 1966. In his own words, "she has been a great support to me and let me pursue my professional life without any worry of running the family. She was herself an employee of Andhra Bank. She joined the Bank when it opened a branch in Varanasi at the beginning of 1980 and rose to become an officer.

Positions Held
Professor, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Coordinator School of Materials Science and Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
Director, National Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR), Jamshedpur.
Vice-Chancellor, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
Vice-Chancellor, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune.
Emeritus Scientist and Raja Ramanna Fellow at the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Hyderabad.

Commonwealth Academic Staff Fellowship, 1970-71.Universities Of Cambridge &Sussex ;
National Metallurgist’s Day Award, Min. of Steel & Mines, Govt of India, 1979 ;
Intercosmos Medal, USSR 1984;
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, CSIR 1985 Distinguished Alumnus Award, Metallurgy Department, BHU 1994;
Distinguished Materials Scientist Award, IE(India) (1995) Indian National Science Academy Prize for Materials Science 1997 ;
VASVIK Award 1997 ;
Om Prakash Bhasin Award 1998 ;
Distinguished Engineer Award, IE(India) (1998) ;
Yalavarthi Nayudamma Award (1999) ;
Distinguished Lecturership Award, Materials Research Society of India, 1999-2001 ;
Distinguished Alumnus Award, Indian Institute of Science 2001;
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), 1999-2000;
Nijhawan Award for Best Technical Paper Published from NML in the year 2001 ;
MRSI-ICSC Superconductivity & Materials Science Prize, MRSI, 2002 ;
Best Paper Award LERIG-2002 Prof. P. Banerjee Award for best technical paper (Ferrous) published in Indian Foundry Journal (2001-2002);
Loyola Ratna - Awarded by Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada 2003;
National Metallurgist Award, Min. of Steel & Mines, Govt of India, 2004 ;
MRSI-ICSC Superconductivity & Materials Science Sr. Award, MRSI, 2005 ;
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Gold Medal, INSA, 2005 ;
Dr. Ramineni Foundation (USA) Vishishta Puraskar, 2007

Indian National Science Academy
The National Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian National Academy of Engineering
The Institution of Engineers (India)
The Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (London) UK
Third World Academy of Sciences, Italy
Indian Institute of Metals Maharashtra Acadeny of Science

Honorary Positions Held
President, The Asia-Pacific Academy of Materials (APAM), India Chapter
President, Indian Institute of Metals
Vice President, Materials Research Society of India
Vice-President, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.
Sectional President, Materials Science Section, Indian Science Congress

Friday, December 10, 2010

Kanakamedala Devi Vara Prasad passes away

Senior producer Kanakamedala Devi Vara Prasad passed away in Hyderabad. Suffering from diabetes he was admitted in KIMS hospital few days back.

Devi Vara Prasad produced films with NTR and Chiranjeevi under Devi films.

He produced films like Tiruguleni Manishi, Chattamtho Porattam, Kondaveeti Raja, Manchi Donga, Gharaana Mogudu, Alluda Mazaaka etc.

Heavy budget Mrugaraju film turned out to be a disaster and then he pushed out of gear. MS Narayana directed his last film Bhajantreelu, which was also a disaster. Ever since his health and financial condition deteriorated until finally he breathed his last today.

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Kamma Movie Directors

List of Kamma Movie Ditrectors
1) Gudavalli Ramabrahmam
2) Akkineni Lakshmi Vara Prasad (LV Prasad)
3) Kovelamudi Bapayya
4) Veeramachineni Madhusudhana Rao
5) Kovelamudi S.Prakasa Rao
6) Kolli Pratyagatma
7) G.Sambasiva Rao
8) Tammareddy Krishnamurthy
9) Mannava Balayya
10) Tatineni Prakasa Rao
11) Tatineni Rama Rao
12) Tatineni Prasad
13) Kovelamudi Raghavendra Rao
14) Gutta Ramineedu
15) Kolli Hemambaradhara Rao 
16) Uppalapati Visveswara Rao
17) Tripuraneni Maharadhi
18) Tripuraneni Gopichand
19) Tottempudi Krishna
20) Madala Ranga Rao
21) Siva Nageswara Rao
22) Uppalapati Narayana Rao
23) P.Sarat
24) A.Mohan Gandhi
25) Bezawada Gopal
26) T.Kranthi Kumar
27) Maganti Vijaya Bapineedu
28) Tammareddy Bharadwaj
29) Akkineni Kutumba Rao
30) K.Vasu
31) Edara VV Satyanarayana
32) Muppalaneni Siva
33) Yalamanchili VS Chowdary
34) Theja Jasti
35) Sreenu Vytla
36) Koduri Srisaila Sri Rajamouli
37) Vemulapalli Srikanth
38) AS Ravikumar Chowdary
39) Koduri Vijayendra Prasad
40) Katta Deva Kousik
41) Tammareddy Ravibabu
42) Paruchuri Murali
43) Jonnalagadda Srinivasa Rao
44) Jagarlamudi Radhakrishna
45) Chandra Siddartha
46) Gunnam Gangaraju
47) Yeleti Chandrasekhar
48) Boyapati Sreenu
49) Kovelamudi Prakash
50) Malineni Gopichand
51) Tatineni Satya
52) Mullapudi Veerabhadram Chowdary
53) Siva Koratala
54) Bhagyaraj
55) Lingusamy (Pandem kodi, Run, Bheema fame) Tamil
56) Mandava Prasanth
57) Veeru Potla
58) Posani Krishna Murali
59) Pavan Sadineni
60) Bheemaneni SrinivasaRao
61) Akshay Akkineni (Pizza fame)
62) Anil Ravipudi
63) Ajay Nuthakki 
64) Gogineni Srinivas
65) Sarath Mandava
66) Bose Nelluri
67) Yogesh Maganti (Yogie)
68) Anil Kanneganti
69) Kittu Nalluri
70) Sandeep Garapati
71) Jagadish Talasila
72) Omkar Nuthalapati (Rajugari gadi fame)
73) Sudha Kongara (Tamil director)
74) Venky Atluri
75) Mahesh Surapaneni

Humpy, Harika smell last 16 in World Championship

HATAY ( Turkey): Elo favourite Indian Grandmaster Koneru Humpy and GM norm holder Dronavalli Harika defeated International Master Jovanka Houska and Tatiania Shadrina respectively to come in sniffing distance of entering the last-16 stage of the World Women's chess championship.

Both Humpy and Hrika, the last remaining Indians in the fray after the ouster of Soumya Swaminathan, S Meenakshi and Kruttika Nadig, made merry in the first game of the second round and now need just a draw to proceed to the next stage of the $450000 prize money championship being played on a knock out format.

Rayapati under pressure from Kamma community?

Rayapati Sambasiva Rao along with Karnatala Ex.Minister Katta Subrahmanyam Naidu at a fnction organised by Kamma Sangham
(News article from Indian Express)
HYDERABAD/GUNTUR: Is it the diminishing importance to Kammas in the Congress that had made Guntur Congress MP Rayapati Sambasiva Rao announce his exit from active politics? Of late, Kammas, who are a dominant community in Prakasam, Krishna, Guntur and Khammam districts, are becoming increasingly restive over the Congress not giving them the due importance.

Except Daggupati Purandeswari, there is no one in the Union cabinet and only one - Galla Aruna Kumari - in the 39 member state cabinet which is dominated by Reddys - there are 14 of them, including the chief minister. Kamma community elders say that the Congress had favoured Purandeswari not because she belongs to their community but only to use her as a weapon against Chandrababu Naidu since both of them belong to NTR family.

According to sources, Sambasiva Rao has been under tremendous pressure from his community to think of something drastic to bolster the sagging morale of Kammas. In fact, in the Congress there are only four MLAs - Galla Aruna Kumar, Nadendla Manohar, the deputy speaker, Daggubati Venkateswara Rao and Gottipati Ravikumar.

At a meeting of the Kammas in Hyderabad recently, attended by prominent Kammas from all walks, including a few journalists, it was felt that the community had been meted out a raw deal under the Congress dispensation and that time had come for them to reverse the trend.
As there is pressure on Sambasiva Rao, he announced his exit from active politics in an attempt to make the Congress leadership take notice of the discontent among the community. They want to let the Congress national leadership understand that they are a force to reckon with as they have considerable influence on voters in their districts.

The present mood in the community is that at least one more of their MPs be made a minister in the central cabinet, Nadendla Manohar be promoted as speaker of the State Assembly and considerable say in administration, a leader who attended the meeting said.

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Two Kamma Naidu beauties vie for Miss SA title

For the first time, two Indian women are vying for the most sought-after beauty title in the land.

Kiasha Naidoo and Sandhya Naidoo are among 12 finalists who will participate in the Miss South Africa pageant at the Sun City Superbowl next Sunday.

Kaisha Naidoo, 22, of Kempton Park, said she was excited but also nervous. Naidoo, who is completing a BCom degree in marketing, started modelling a year ago and was encouraged earlier this year by former Miss SA, Megan Coleman, to enter the pageant.

"It's every little girl's dream to be Miss SA. I had put it off until this push by Megan. This will be my first pageant. We have met so many interesting people. It is not the end of the road even if I don't win.

"I am looking at everything with a positive attitude although I am nervous about the question-and-answer segment. But I think if we answer from our heart and be ourselves, it should be fine."

She said if she won she would like to be the best ambassador not just for the country but for South African Indians as well.

"The fact that there are three Indians in the competition is a reason to celebrate that we are part of the broader community," she said.

Sandhya Naidoo, 21, a final-year, business-science law student at the University of Cape Town, said they had made history with the most number of Indians in the finals.

Naidoo, who was a runner-up in Miss SA Teen in 2005, said she believed this year was most appropriate for her to enter as she was completing her studies.

She said coming from a legal background she would like to hold workshops with communities to inform them of their rights, should she be crowned Miss SA.
"The experience has been fantastic and the girls are so amazing," she said.

Humpy, Harika advance

Two Indians have made it to the second round of the World Women's Chess Championship in Hatay, Turkey late Monday night.

Country's top-ranked player, Koneru Humpy had a rather easy passage into the next round at the expense of South African Melissa Greeff.

World junior champion Dronvalli Harika had to struggle but also went through after coming back strongly in the return game to beat fellow Indian Kruttika Nadig.

The championship format is made up of two games with a tie-break in case of a deadlock.

Humpy, though the top-ranked players in the draw, is seeded second behind Russia's Alexandra Kosteniuk, the reigning champion, beat Greef with white pieces after she had won with black pieces in the earlier game.

Harika, the ninth seed here, beat Nadig in the second game to win the round 1.5-0.5.

In the second round, Humpy will play Jovenka Houska of England while Harika will take on Tatiana Shadrina, the Women Grand Master from Russia.

Monday, December 6, 2010

Upendra's statue unveiled

HYDERABAD: Former Chief Minister K. Rosaiah on Sunday morning unveiled the statue of former Union Minister Parvathaneni Upendra in Banjara Hills here.

The function to mark the unveiling of the statue was attended by leaders from several political parties. Among those present were Transport Minister Botcha Satyanarayana, MLC P. Sudhakar Reddy, senior BJP leader M. Venkaiah Naidu, PR chief K. Chiranjeevi and party leaders Allu Aravind, C. Ramachandraiah and CPI(M) secretary B.V. Raghavulu.

The statue was said to have been ready for installation near GVK One at the cross of Road No. 1 and 4, Banjara Hills for some time now but was put off on account of the fluid situation prevailing on the issue of separate Telangana.

The statue was installed by Parvathaneni Foundation, an organisation founded by the late leader and actively engaged in social welfare activities in the State.

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Global recognition for Pragati Offset

CHENNAI: Pragati Offset, India’s leading printer, has earned the distinction of being chosen as world’s number one printer for the third time when it received the prestigious ‘SAPPI International Printer of the Year 2010’ award.

For the year 2010, Hanumantha Rao Paruchuri, Founder & Chairman of Pragati Offset, received the coveted Elephant Award from Wayne Rau, CEO of SAPPI Trading, South Africa, at a special function in Hyderabad recently.

The award was for packaging – Black DOG 18 year old Whiskey Box. This was printed on SAPPI paper and pasted onto Kappa Board. Printing was in multicolours with foil stamping.

Narendra Paruchuri, CEO, Pragati Offset, said, “Winning such international awards, year after year, re-endorses the outstanding capabilities of our workforce in setting high global standards in the printing industry.’’

In the past 10 years, Pragati has won 12 Gold, 26 Silver and 6 Bronze awards at the SAPPI competition, a feat unsurpassed by any printer in the world. Pragati has also won numerous national awards, including Best Printer in India and SAARC regions.

The packaging division also has won World Star Packaging Award and the Finat International Award for labels.

The company won this award in 2006 and 2008, which had so far gone only to printers from North America, Europe and South Africa.

Saturday, December 4, 2010

The Pemmasani Zamindars of Kuruvi Kulam (Tirnnelveli/Tamilnadu)

The ancient Kuruvikulam family which has historical antecedents indicative of a high sense of loyalty to its soverign lord, came to prominence seven centuries ago, when the power of the King of Vijayanagar was at it's height;

The principal members of the Kuruvikulam family hailed from Vijayanagar and Pemmasani Adiveera Thimmappa Naidu, the most prominent of them, was one of the trusted lieutenants of Sri Krishna Deva Rayalu. Adiveera Thimmappa Naidu was also once the ruler of Gandikota and the adjacent countries. He further ruled Udayagiri, Kondavidu, Penukonda, Cuddapa, Sithavatam, Nellore and Kanakagiri near Orissa. His income was 24 lakhs of rupees per anum of which he paid tribute of 9 lakhs to his sovereign. He kept in readiness, under the orders of the King of Vijayanagar, 25,000 infantry and 15,000 cavalry and 40 elephants. These Zamindars migrated from Gandikota are called as Gandikota Pandyans.

Adiveera Thimmappa Naidu and his people were well known in their days for their great influence with the King of Vijayanagar, the said Sri Krishna Deva Rayalu, who also held them ingreat estimation by taking their counsel in times of emergency and also carrying out reforms in his dominions. When the house of Vijayanagar fell, and the power of the Mahomedan rulers was in the ascendant, Adiveera Thimmappa Naidu and his descendants who would not brook a rival nor an insult from one of such, perceiving the predicament in which they were placed, and understanding that their attempt to thwart the supreme power might prove a failure and bring on a train of miseries, made up their mind to proceed to foreign parts, and accordingly migrated to Southern India.

A well known descendant of Adiveera Thimmappa Naidu was Pedda Veerappa Naidu, who interviewed Viswanatha Naick, The King of Madhura. The latter had already heard of the greatness of the Pemmasani Naidus who once most peacefully ruled Gandikota, but had since been reduced in power, and with the object of bringing them to prominence again, he conferred on Pedda Veerappa Naidu the Jaghir of Kuruvi Kulam, which was the first of the seventy two Palayapats he had established. Pedda Veerappa Naidu proceeded to Kuruvi Kulam, where a marauder, named Kuruvi Thalaivan, who was exercising great powers, would not give him ingress. Thereupon, a protracted struggle ensued, in which Kuruvi Thalaivan was slain, and Pedda Veerappa Naidu entered the place undisturbed and became it's ruler.

When Viswanatha Naick, the King od Madura, established seventy two Palayapats within his domain, he declared Kuruvi Kulam and Ilaiyarasanandal as Mannaria (Royal) Panchayats. Mr.Taylor in his manual on Palayapats, while placing Kuruvi Kulam under the category of 'Mannaria Panchayats', put it as first of the two, and says that Pemmasani Pedda Veerappa Naidu was its first ruler.

It is also said that the Pemmasani Naidus went against Kerala, took possession of the place and restored it to Muddu Veerappa Naidu, King of Madhra and Trichinapally, who sought their aid. Viajya Meenakshi Naidu, the minister to the King of Madura gave the following testimony in writing to the East India Company about Pemmasani family:-

"The ancestors of the Pemmasani family, during the reign of the Royars, where the rulers of Gandikota. After the fall of the place, they repaired to our domains, when Viswanatha Naick, The King of Madura, conferred on them the Jaghir of Kuruvi Kulam. All the Polegars, with the exception of the Polegar of Kuruvi Kulam, under the jurisdiction of the King of Madhura. whenever they went to their King, whould pay homage to him by prostrating themselves before him after placing in his presence flowers made of silver and gold and also a silk cloth, and then stand at a respectful distance with folded hands. On the contrary, when ever the Pemmasani Naidus were announced before the King, he would welcome them by shaking their hands and offering them an equal seat."

The family records further show that Pedda Veeraqppa Naidu took a prominent part on behalf of the East India Company in their battles against Panchalan Kurichi and Malayalam country.

The Mohommedan rulers who conquered Madura and the adjoining territories converted the Jaghir of Kuruvi Kulam into a peshcush-paying Zamindari, and granted a paravana accoedingly. When the Permanent Settlement came into operation, the British Government recognised Kuruvi Kulam as Kattuguthari Zamindari.

Sri Thimma Nandayaswami Naidu ruled the estate for some years is very religiously disposed. As he resigned the power of the management of the Zamindari in favor of his son.

Sri.P.N. Kodandaswamy Naidu was born in 1878. He was early taught at home, and then sent to Tinnelvelly, where he made good progress in his studiesas a student of the Hindu college. As we have said above, he assumed charge of the estate when he was nineteen years old as his father desired to lead a peaceful and retired life.

The Zamindar was a member of the Taluq and District Boards, and in both capacities he has amply fulfilled the hopes of his constituents. When a Union was started for the town of Kuruvi Kulam, the Government appointed him Chairman.

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Injustice for Kamma Community

మంత్రులు, ముఖ్యమంత్రులు ప్రజా రంజకంగా పరిపాలించాలి, కానీ ఈ కొత్త ముఖ్యమంత్రి కిరణ్ కుమార్ రెడ్డి కుల రంజకంగా ఈ రాష్ట్రాన్ని పాలించటానికి కంకణం కట్టుకున్నాడని అర్ధమౌతుంది. ఈ రాష్ట్రంలో కేవలం 7% ఉన్న రెడ్డి వర్గానికి మంత్రివర్గంలో ఏకంగా 14 మంత్రి పదవులు కట్టబెట్టాడు.

పైగా కీలకమైన శాఖలు కొన్ని తన దగ్గర ఉంచుకొని మిగిలిన కీలకమైన శాఖలు తన కులం వారికి పంచిపెట్టాడు. మంత్రివర్గంలో బి.సి, యస్.సి, యస్.టి మరియు మైనారిటీలు పోగా మిగిలిన 20 మంది ఓ.సి కమ్యూనిటీ వారిలో రెడ్డి కులం వారికి 70% పదవులు కట్టబెట్టి మిగిలిన అన్ని కులాల వారికి కేవలం 30% పదవులు మాత్రమే ఇచ్చాడు. అవి కూడా అప్రధాన శాఖలే. ఇదేం సామాజిక న్యాయం, దీనికి కాంగ్రెస్ అధిస్తాన వర్గం భాద్యత వహిస్తూ, ఈ రాష్ట్రంలో మిగిలిన అన్ని కులాల వారికి సమాధానం చెప్పాలి.

గతంలో ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ లోకాంగ్రెస్ పార్టీ ని నిలువునా చీల్చింది, వేరు కుంపట్లతో పార్టీ ని బలహీన పరచింది ఈ కులస్తులే. చెన్నారెడ్డి, బ్రహ్మానంద రెడ్డి గతంలో కాంగ్రెస్ పార్టీ ని చీల్చితే, ప్రస్తుతం ఆ సంప్రదాయాన్ని జగన్ మోహన్ రెడ్డి కొనసాగిస్తున్నాడు. ఐనా కానీ కాంగ్రెస్ అధిస్తానం మాత్రం ఆ వర్గానికే పెద్ద పీట వేస్తుంది. వచ్చే ఎన్నికలలో రెడ్డి సామాజిక వర్గం లో 70% జగన్ పార్టీని బలపర్చటం ఖాయం. కాంగ్రెస్ పార్టీ కేవలం మిగిలిన 30% రెడ్డి వర్గం వోట్ల కోసం 93% ఉన్న మిగిలిన కులాల వారిని దూరం చేసుకుంటుందా?

గతంలో అవినీతికి పాల్పడిన మంత్రులకు, అస్మర్ధులుగా పేరుపడిన మంత్రులకు రెడ్డి కులం వారైతే మినహాయింపు ఇచ్చారు. రాజశేఖరరెడ్డి అవినీతి లో అతని కుటుంబ సభ్యులకు కూడా వాటా ఉంది. కానీ అతని తమ్ముడు వివేకానంద రెడ్డి కనీసం MLA కూడా కాకపోయినా, అన్ని మినహాయింపులు ఇచ్చి మంత్రివర్గంలోకి తీసుకున్నారు. దీనిని ముఖ్యమంత్రి ఏ రకంగా సమర్ధించుకుంటాడు?

కమ్మ కులంలో ప్రతిబావంతులు, సీనియరీటీ ఉన్నవారు పాలడుగు వెంకట్రావు, రాయపాటి శ్రీనివాస రావు, పోతుల రామారావు కాంగ్రెస్ పార్టీలో MLCలుగా ఉన్నారు. ప్రకాశం జిల్లా నుండి సీనియర్, సమర్ధుడైన దగ్గుబాతి వెంకటేశ్వర రావు, యువకుడు, రెండు సార్లు MLAగా ఎన్నికైన గొట్టిపాటి రవికుమార్ లలో కనీసం ఒక్కరికీ కూడా మంత్రివర్గంలో అవకాశం కల్పించలేదు. ఈ ముఖ్యమంత్రి కమ్మ కులానికి వ్యతిరేకుడిగా గతంలోనే ముద్రపడ్డాడు.

ప్రస్తుత పరిస్థితి చూస్తే ఈ ముఖ్యమంత్రి అతని కులం తప్ప మిగిలిన అన్ని కులాల వారికి అన్యాయం చేశాడు. తన విశ్వరూప ప్రదర్శనకై సర్వం సిద్ధం చేసుకుంటున్నాడు. ఈ ముఖ్యమంత్రి ఇదే విధంగా చేస్తే కమ్మవారితో సహా మిగిలిన కులాల వారుకూడా చూస్తూ ఊరుకోరు.

గతంలో ముఖ్యమంత్రులుగా చేసిన రెడ్డి కులస్తులు ఎవ్వరూ కూడా ఈవిధంగా ప్రవర్తించలేదు. మనం ఏ కులానికి వ్యతిరేకం కాదు, కేవలం కుల పిచ్చి, ఇతర కులాలను చిన్న చూపు చూస్తున్న కిరణ్ కుమార్ రెడ్డికి తగిన విధంగా బుద్ధి చెప్పటానికి కాంగ్రెస్ పార్టీలో ఉన్న కమ్మ ప్రజా ప్రతినిధులు ఏకమవ్వాలి.

Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Marella Kalyani: Member of gold medal winning Indian Women Kabaddi Team

Marella Kalyani, a member of Gold medal winning Indian Women Kabaddi Team in 11th Asian Games.

A native of Kadavakudhuru village in Prakasam district, Kalyani took to kabaddi when she was 14 and with passion she went on to represent Andhra Pradesh in several tournaments as an all-rounder.

Kalyani is employed as a women constable in the divisional reserve, Railway Protection Force (RPF). She had represented Acharya Nagarjuna University in the All India Inter-University tournaments and won a Gold medal in 2006-2007, She participated in senior and junior nationals, National Games, women National Games and won many medals for her team.

“She is adept both in offence and defence. She adopts herself according to the situation,” said Padmaja Bala, former Indian coach. Kalyani played many tournaments under the guidance of Ms. Bala. Kalyani, who won the “best player” award a couple of times, is a product of the Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh academy in East Godavari district.

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Koneru Humpy hand in Snowdrops victory

Koneru Humpy Gets Kudos for Her Play in Czech Coal Chess Match

Marianske Lazne: The Czech Coal Chess Match held last week was appropriately named Snowdrops (ladies) vs Oldhands. The chess legends of the 20th century vs the rising generation of female players.

You may call it a rematch because the same event was held last year too in Czech Republic around the same time when the snow was falling. India's Koneru Humpy, the strongest lady in the chess world after Judit Polgar, led the Snowdrops to a creditable 18-14 victory over the veterans.

Humpy was the top scorer with six points from the eight games she played (two each with reversed colours against the four opponents) but effectively it was a match of eight rounds in all- play-all system, each round consisting of four games.

Snowhands had a terrific start winning the first round by 3-1, but the veterans drew level with a same score in the next round. The ladies virtually had the match sealed in the next two rounds with resounding wins (3.5-0.5 and 2.5-1.5) taking a four-point lead.

Oldhands consisted of Lajos Portisch, one of the world's best chess players during the 1960s and 1970s, Vlastimil Hort, one of the best Czech players of all time, Dragoljub Velimirovic, champion of Yugoslavia in 1970, 1975 and 1997, known for his combinations and Wolfgang Uhlmann, the best player of former East Germany. Humpy, Lithuanian Grandmaster Viktoria Cmilyte, Philippines-born Australian chess player Arianne Caoli and the Czech Tereza Olsarova formed the Snowdrops quartet.

Humpy's only loss was to Vlastmil Hort in the penultimate round when she played attacking chess and went for a win. The Indian, who will be playing in the Women's World Championship at Hatay ( Turkey) in the first week of December, had satisfying wins over Portisch and Uhlmann in the first half of the tournament.

"Old masters play more practical chess rather than following move-to-move analysis. They try to create problems to the opponent over the board sometimes even by giving away material. I observed that if they get inferior positions they show a lot of determination to find counter-play," noted Humpy about her rivals after the match.

Humpy had good support from Viktoria Cmilyte, who scored 5.5 points. Hort was the top scorer for Oldhands with five points.

Monday, November 29, 2010

The Ravilla Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal

    Ravella Appasamy Naidu 

The Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal are of the Kammavar section of Naidu Community. Ilaiyarasanandal lies some six miles of Kovilpatti, Tinnelveli District, Tamilnadu.

Origin of Kamma:
A Rishi named Kamadita performed his penance in a forest known as Danda-Karanya,when many Rakshaas troubled him; he could not stand it, and hence he repaired to Maha Vishnu and laid before him his grievance. The latter directed the Rishi to his wife Lakshmi Devi, who gave him her ear ornament (Kamma) enjoying him to perform a penance for one hundred years. He fulfilled what had been told him, and the result was that five hundred warriors sprang from that Kamma. They destroyed the forests, annihilated the Rakshasas, and made the placefree from the trouble. The Rishi recognised their help, and blessed them to live happily by cultivation. The descendants of those warriors are called Kammavaaru as they originated from the Kamma.

In 'Brahmanda Purana Kalidharma Prakarnam', Chapters 3 to 20, we find the following:- The kammavars were born to the descendants of the Solar King Dwilipa and as they had alliances with the lunar race they were known as Upayadis. The original man is said to be one Dharmapala and their Guru, Dharmasilan. A member of the lunar race tried to carry away a daughter of Dharmapala, named Kannikamani, when the parents of the girl with a view todisgracing him had a black dog disguised as a girl, left it in the house, and migrated to Southern parts. At that stage, a river barred their way. They begged of the Rishi Jamadagni who was busy in a penance on the bank of the river. They were with him his wife Rukminidevi, and also Parasurama. Rukminidevi gave them her ear ornament (Known as Kamma), directed them to attach veneration to it and further added that if they did so, the river would give way. This came to Pass. Since then they have been known as Kammavaru. From that time forward, they attach much veneration to the names of Jamadagni, Renukadevi and Parasurama. On marriage occasions they first offer prayers to these, and then to their family guru, Palabhaddira. These Kammavars are divided into two classes known as Godasatu (gosha) and Gampasatu (not gosha).

It is said that in the reign of Krishna Deva Rayalu there were 1,60,000 volunteer guards, most of them were Kammavars, to protect the fortresses with in his jurisdiction.

Ravilla Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal:
From the said Godasatu class, the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal claim their descent, and their family name is Ravillavaru, which formed one of the houses, namely, Aravitivaru, Bellamvaru, Nandiyalavaru, Pemmasanivaru, Velugotivaru, Poottaharivaru, Durugantivaru, Tuluva Doralu and Ravillavaru, that helped Krishna Deva Rayalu, in maintaining the dignity and prestige of his State. Velugoti is the family name of Rajah of Venkatagiri and Pemmasani of that of the Kuruvikulam Zamindar.

The Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal owe their origin to one Ravilla Veera Mallappa Naidu of the said Godasatu clan, the Commander of the Cavalry under Krishna Deva Rayalu, The well known King of Vijayanagar, who was distinguished for great powers of organisation, as well as for keeping his feudatory chiefs under proper check. During the time of Achuta Deva Rayalu, the brother of Krishna Deva Rayalu, as the State in his charge was too vast and unwieldy for one man's power, he sent representatives dividing it into principalities and made each of them a feudatory chief. Ravilla Veera Mallappa Naidu place in charge of the countries lying between Travancore and Calicut.

He was also authorised to keep in readiness 6,000 Infantry and 400 Cavalry. Hefought an important battle on behalf of the King of Vijayanagar, which resulted in the capturing of an impregnable fort, known as "Audi Venna Droog." He subsequently took a prominent part on many other battle fields; all this won the esteem and approbation of the King who conferrred on him the Samsthanam of Sonangipuram as a Jaghir in addition to what had already been given him and which Jaghir was in the enjoyment of the family till the fall of the house of Vijayanagar. The forefathers of the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal are said to have migrated from Roya Vellore of the Vijayanagar Kingdom.

About this time, the Kingdom of Vijayanagar witnessed many scenes of horror and disaster, and the power of the Mohommedan rulers became paramount. Nizam Ali withdrew the successors to the Royalu King, and Vijayanagar lost it's glory and declined. The descendants of the said Veera Mallappa Naidu, thinking that they would not receive due honour and respect at the hands of the paramount power, found it wise and safe to leave the country of their sires, and accrodingly betook themselves to Trichinapally which was then under the sway of the Nayak Kings, originally nominated by the king of Vijayanagar. As they had already won laurels for their active military service, it was no wonder their request to the Naick King was granted, and they were admitted as Sardars. They conducted themselves so nobly and worthily that he deputed them to settle the boundary dispute that had arisen between him and the rulers of Tanjore. They brought about the successful termination of the dispute, and their services were recognised by a grant of the Jaghir of Thirukkottupalli, the Fort of Koviladi and some adjacent villages in the District of Tanjore. There is still the evidence of the existence of this fort, and the ruins thereof can be seen to this day. Another dispute of a similar nature having arisen between the two parties, the Naidus were deputed again to settle it. This time also, their mission met with success, though many fell victims to the cause. This act of velour and zealous loyally touched the sympathetic chord in the then Naick King, who granted them the Jaghir of Ilaiyarasanandaland eighteen villages surrounding it, in the District of Tinnelvelly, and both the Jaghirs were in their enjoyment for a long time.

The Naidus and the Mahommedan Kings became very intimate, and behaved more like relations than friends of different communities. While matters stood thus, the former gave away the Jaghir of Thirukottupalli and the Fort of Koviladi reffered to above as a dowry to a Begum Sahiba who claimed relationship with them as a sister.

They were, howevewr, in possession of Ilaiyarasanandal during the time of Chanda Sahib. But his successor on hearing of their antecedents and their heroic deeds, thought of wise, in his own interests, to keep them under subjection, and the best course he thought he ought to adopt to execute his design was by laying an imposition on them, and thus converted the Jaghir into a Zamindari subject to the payment of an annual peshcush. They submitted themselves to the yoke of the ruling power and after the advent of the British, the Estate was recognised as a "Kattuguthagai Zamindari."

From the records that are forthcoming, we understand that Lakshmi Ammall, the widow of the one ninth in descent from Veera Mallappa Naidu, in order to expiate the sins committed by her husband on a number of battle fields by shedding the blood of many lives, built an Agraharam (quarters for Brahmins) and gave them as a gift some two thousand acres of dry land and also some wet lands. It is known as Lakshmiammall Puram, and is in a flourishing condition.

A little prior to the advent of the British rule, the Estate of Ilaiyarasanandal was in the joint enjoyment of two proprietors, and the sannad was therefore in the names of both of them. But the management was solely in the hands of one of them as he was more powerful than the other. This state of affairs did not last long. The latter brought a suit against the former for a partition, and eventually, the Zamindari was divided and each of the claimants got his respective share. It was Periya Ksaturi Ranga Appaswami Naidu who was the in charge of the Estate from 1772 to 1810 that filed the suit for partition. His son Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu, predeceased him.

Next in succession was Ravilla Kasturi Ranga Appaswami Naidu, who ruled from 1810 to 1822. It was during his time that the partition in an appeal against the decision of the lower court was confirmed by the High Court. He built a palace for the use of the Zenana, excavated some tanks, and raised a garden. He was succeeded by Ravilla Appaswami Naidu who was in charge of the estate from 1822 to 1854. His rule witnessed many suits for partition, and the ultimate decision was that the minor members of the family were only entitled to maintanance. He made many additions to the palatial building, the prominent of them being the Lakshmi Vilas, and the front gate of the palace. He built a choultry at Melapatti on the trunk road side of Mangammall Salai. He sank many tanks and wells. During his time, the Zamindari - especially the Pannai (home farm lands) was in a flourishing state.

Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu who came next managed the affairs of the Estate from 1854 to 1869. It was he that built the Kalyana Mahal attached to the palace. The temple dedicated to Subrahmanyaswami was one of his public benefactions. He made an addition to the Zamindari by purchasing a Muttah called Nainanagaram yielding an annual income of then thousand rupees.

Sri Ravilla Kasthuri Ranga Appaswami Naidu garu ruled the Estate from 1869 to 1900. Though arrangements for the rapid diffusion of English knowledge were not made then on so vast a scale as they are done now, yet he took pains to learn English. He was highly cultured in Sanskrit, Telugu and Tamil and Hindustani. He traveled a good deal in India, and was the friend of many great men in the country. He built some bungalows and raised a few gardens. He was loved by all, both European and Indian. With the Collectors and other high officials of the District, he was very popular. His brother Zamindars held him in great esteem and showed him much regard. Suffice it to say that he invariably won the hearts of every body he came in contact with. He received the following certificate of honor on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877, in recognition of his charities to the poor during the great famine of 1876, and in appreciation of his loyalty to the British Raj:-

"By command of His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor General, this certificate is presented in the name of Her Most Gracious Majesty Victoria, Empress of India, to Ravilla Kasthuri Ranga Appaswami Naicker, Kattuguttagadar of Ilaiyarasanandal, son of Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naicker, in recognition of his loyalty and fidelity to the British Government and charity to the poor."

The last Zamindar, Sri Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu garu was born in 1877. He received the early part of his education in Tinnelvelly in the Hindu college and the remaining portion he got at home under able tutors. He is a good scholar in Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit. His learning in Sanskrit is of a high order; he can even compose verses. He talks and writes English well. He had the misfortunate to lose his father in 1900 when he was 23 years old. He was installed on the guddi of his ancestors four months after the demise of his father with the usual solemnities attendant on such occasions. He being the senior member of the family, is in sole charge of the Estate. He has been managing it in an efficient manner. He was a member of the Taluq and District Boards. Every charitable institution finds in him a ready patron.

Sri Ravilla Appaswami Naidu garu, the younger brother of the Zamindar, was born in 1879. He was sent to Tinnelvelly for his education, where he joined the Hindu college. He subsequently went to Madras, and by dint of energy and preseverance passed the Matriculation examination from Pachaiappa's collage, and after finishing FA course discontinued his studies. Both the brothers are very popular with their ryots, and many in the District of Tinnelvelly and Madras are their friends.

The Jaghir of Ilaiyarasanandal was formed as Mannaria (Royal) Palayapat during the time of the Naick Kings and Mr.Taylor also in his list of ancient estates puts Ilaiyarasanandal and Kuruvikulam (Pemmasani Kammavar clan) under the category of Mannaria (Royal) Palayapats. The ancestors of the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal and Kuruvikulam were of one and the same caste, and both of them settled down in these parts under similar circumstances.

Part I and II of the Zamindari of Ilaiyarasanandal consists of about 32,000 acres of land subject to an annual Government peshcush of Rs.15,000. The land is mostly black cotton soil yielding a good annual crop of cotton.

The ryots of these Estates who are mostly Kammavar Naidus were in a flourishing condition, and they were very peaceful and law abiding people and litigation among them is of rare occurrence.