Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Pulipati Vaiyapuri Gopalaswamy (alias) VAIKO

Pulipati V. Gopalsamy also known as Vaiko, is a prominent politician in Tamil Nadu, in south India. V Gopalsamy was born into a Telugu speaking Kamma Naidu family in Kalingapatty near Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency (now Tamil Nadu) on 22 May 1944 to Pulipati Vaiyapuri and Ravilla Mariammal 

He is the founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party active mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. He is known for his vocal support of Tamil people in Sri Lanka and LTTE.

He graduated with a Bachelor of arts degree in economics from St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai and masters from Presidency College, Chennai. He obtained his bachelor's degree in law from Madras Law College. He received Gold Medal in Economics and Best Speaker Award in St. Xavier’s College in 1964

Vaiko was a part of[Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (D.M.K)] and was formerly seen as the ideological protege of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi.Vaiko was detained for more than an year in 1976-77 during emergency and for 40 days on charges of organizing black flag demonstration against former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s visit to Tamil Nadu in Oct 1977.He has been arrested multiple times for peaceful demonstrations especially during the 1986-87 anti Hindi agitations.

He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice. In 1993, Vaiko started MDMK due to differences with Karunanidhi amid rumblings that Karunanidhi promoted his son M. K. Stalin to succeed him.

Vaiko was known as "Tiger Of Parliament" due to his vociferous speeches in Parliament.Vaiko protested against Kerala's demand for a new dam at Mullaperiyar and proposed building of dams in Pambar and Siruvani. Vaiko also supported national interlinking of rivers and Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project. Vaiko filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Madras High Court requesting closure of the copper smelting plant of Sterlite Industries in Tuticorin which did not follow the waste management procedures correctly and leading to the closure of the plant. Vaiko often goes on foot marches along with his party cadres to attract attention to issues.

Vaiko unequivocally supported LTTE and other organizations fighting for a separate Tamil country in Sri Lanka. He made a trip to Eelam at the height of the LTTE’s war with Sri Lankan Army. Vaiko was the first member of Parliament and chief of a registered political party in the country to be detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002. He was released after spending 18 months in prison.

In 2008, Criminal Investigation Department of Tamil Nadu police arrested Vaiko on charges of sedition. The charges stemmed from speeches Vaiko made at a party meeting on the Sri Lankan issue and the government's raids into LTTE-held areas on 21 October 2008. After 14 days in judicial custody, Vaiko was released.

He stated that India should retract its ban on the LTTE, claiming the ban was a shield to suppress freedom of expression and stifle the voice of the Opposition.

In 2005, Vaiko started the Marumalarchi Blood Donors' Club. Vaiko has launched many engagement programmes in rural areas with the participation of villagers. Vaiko has undergone a month-long padayatra in Tamil Nadu for the interlinking of inter state rivers in India. He arranged for giving vaccine for the 65Free Reprint Articles,000 kids of Sivakasi with three doses of shots to shield these people from Hepatitis and he used his private cash for the cause. He takes initiatives for the rehabilitation of the disabled children.

He married Renuka Devi on 14 June 1971. They have a son Durai Vaiyapuri and two daughters Rajalakshmi and Kannagi. Vaiko enjoys writing in his free time and has authored over 50 books apart from regular essays and columns in newspapers.

Vaiko's political career:
President-Kalingappatti Panchayat 1970
President- Land Development Bank, Kuruvikulam, 1971-75
Chairman- Kuruvikulam Panchayat Union.1970-76
President- District Central Co-Operative Bank. Tirunelveli 1972-73 
Propaganda Secretary- DMK Party for Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari Districts,
Election Campaign Secretary of DMK from 1984 to 1993.
1978-96 Member of Parliament –Rajya Sabha
Founder of Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra kalagam on 6th of May 1994.
1998-99-Member of Parliament – Lok Sabha-Sivakasi
1999-2004 Member of Parliament-Lok Sabha-Sivakasi.
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