Sunday, January 30, 2011

Kenya World Cup team gets official sponsor: Karuturi Global

NAIROBI — Indian conglomerate Karuturi Global (Sai Rama Krishna Karuturi, Managing Director) has signed a one-year deal to sponsor the Kenya cricket team beginning with the World Cup starting in Asia on February 19, officials said on Saturday.

Cricket Kenya (CK) said the sponsorship, which is the single largest deal to have been undertaken by the association in recent years, would cater for all the financial requirements of the team during the World Cup.

"We have had disputes on the issues of money in the past. The last thing we should be worried about going into this World Cup is money," said CK chairman Samir Inamdar.

"Having negotiated our way into a formal aggrement with the players, everybody will now go into the World Cup and claim it," he added.

Kenya team captain Jimmy Kamande welcomed the move, saying: "Our main concern was that we could go to the World Cup without a team sponsor. But with Karuturi having come on board, all is well."

The sponsorship, whose sum was not disclosed, will also cover the development of cricket from the grassroots to the national level.

Friday, January 28, 2011

Abhinav Venigalla racks up impressive academic honors

Florida, LAKELAND -- A Polk County middle school student is racking up some pretty impressive academic honors.

Lawton Chiles Middle Academy eighth grader Abhinav Venigalla is having fun being so smart.

Vegnigalla has gotten perfect FCAT scores two years in a row, he has won a countywide math competition, a robotics competition and now he has won a Johns Hopkins competition for the entire state.

He did that by getting the highest SAT score when he was in seventh grade. He scored a 790 out of 800 in the math part of the test.

Venigalla was disppointed the score wasn't perfect.

"I was really kind of mad sort of," he said. "I started to think back, what did I miss? What did I do wrong?"

Principal Sharon Neuman said the school figured out pretty quickly that Venigalla was cut out of a different mold.

"When we saw how bright he was in sixth grade, that's when we put him in high school algebra," she said.

Neuman said Venigalla has gotten so advanced in his math ability that he's having to take classes on line.

Venigalla seems to take it all in stride. He said his parents push him to do well in school but he actually enjoys the challenge.

"I don't know, I think I tried to practice a little more. I don't take school as a grudge. It's more like it's fun."

This week, the Polk County School Board honored Venigalla with a special certificate for his achievements during their meeting.

Principal Neuman and his father Laxman Venigalla were there for the presentation.
Mr. Venigalla said his son is just doing what he finds interesting.

"He doesn't look at it as a competition or winning," he said. "More of an interesting thing. Whatever he is doing."

Abhinav said he would really like to get that highest possible score on the SAT and he may decide to be an aerospace engineer.

Thursday, January 27, 2011

SEW Trident Global inks MOU with Surya Kapanjen of Indonesia

Hyderabad, 26th January 2011: SEW Infrastructure Ltd., (Vallurupalli Rajasekhar, Managing Director) a leading infrastructure company from Hyderabad has announced that the Company has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with an Indonesia – based company Surya Kapenjen, through it’s subsidiary SEW Trident Global Pte Ltd. on Tuesday, 25th January 2011. The Mou was signed by Mr.C.Srikanth, Director of SEW Trident Global Pte. Ltd. in the presence of the President of Indonesia, Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

The MOU entails development of a 84KM Hauling road on BOT and the Port which would feed the cargo in East Kalimantan Province of Indonesia, with a minimum capacity of 10 Mil MT per Annum of coal.The project feasibility studies are being undertaken and SEW would decide how much to invest in the project once they get the necessary approvals and clearances.

Speaking on the occasion, Mr.C.Srikanth, the Director of SEW Trident Global Pte Ltd. said: “SEW Infrastructure Ltd., is making its first foray abroad with these projects and shall execute these projects with the same level of commitment and excellence as in the past 50 years. We are exploring further opportunities to invest in Mines and Infrastructure into Indonesia”

Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Bavani Naidu's book punts Africa

A former Durban businesswoman has launched a book on investing in Asia and Africa.

The book, titled Intelligent Investing Asia/Africa, was published last month by Bavani Naidu, a tax solicitor and a private equity specialist based in Ireland.

She said the book was aimed at providing necessary information for both novice and experienced investors .

"Knowledge before investing is essential," said the mother of three, who runs a business called Niche Equity.

"The secondary target market would be attorneys dealing with clients who are foreign or locals having foreign assets, accountants and estate agents.

"The book is intended to remove the initial fear factor that an investor would normally experience when investing in a foreign market.

"It gives the reader essential and relevant information on a foreign market of choice. It allows for a comparative study to be done and also allows the investor to consider the appropriate offshore or onshore jurisdiction they may wish to set to purchase their foreign equity."

This is Naidu's third book. Her first, Intelligent Investing - Europe, was launched in 2009. In 2000, she and her family relocated to Dublin. She set up her practice as a capital tax solicitor and has worked at Ireland's largest international law firm as a private client specialist.

Naidu realised there was an opportunity for her to assist others who are not as fortunate in being able to instruct and obtain the services of huge firms to do their due diligence and feasibility studies on foreign acquisitions.

"I also realised that a lot of investors knew very little about the country they were seeking to invest in."

Naidu said in the past Europe was a huge attraction for many investors, adding that as world economies remoulded themselves, Africa and Asia were becoming attractive to investors.

Prior to leaving South Africa, she lectured law part-time at the former ML Sultan Technikon and was also an arbitrator for the Dispute Resolution Council.

"At the time that I left SA, I was working on a project on financially empowering women. I used to lecture to women working in factories during their lunch break on empowering themselves, setting up a will and investment accounts.

"In Ireland, I also give voluntary lectures on life skills and the need for financial education in schools".

Trimex to set up Rs 2,250-cr titanium plant in India

Trimex group (Prasad Koneru, Chairman), a Dubai-headquartered industrial minerals company today said it will set up a titanium plant in Andhra Pradesh by 2014 entailing an investment of about Rs 2,250 crore.

"We plan to set up a titanium pigment plant at Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh with a production capacity of 44,000 tonnes per annum in the next three years," Executive Director and CEO of the group subsidiary Trimex Sands, Pradeep Koneru told reporters.

India requires 1,50,000 tonnes of pigment against a production of only 50,000 tonnes per annum, Koneru said adding that environment clearance is awaited for the $500 million (about Rs 2,250 crore) project.The group earlier inked a pact with Indonesian government today for setting up a $850 million (about Rs 3,825 crore) titanium pigment plant in the South-east Asian country with 46,000 tonnes capacity per annum.

"Timex Sands will set up a world-class integrated titanium complex in Indonesia with an estimated cost of $850 million in eight to ten years," Koneru said adding the project is expected to create about 6,500 jobs there.

Indonesia Industry Minister M S Hidayat said the proposed plant will ensure regular supply of the pigment to the end users at a cost-effective price.

"Indonesia has large limenite resources, about 40 million tonnes, despite which the country annually imports about 46,000 tonnes of titanium pigment," he said.

Trimex group Chairman Prasad Koneru said the integrated titanium complex in Indonesia will expand the company's reach in the global market and widen its product mix.

Trimex group is a mineral business house with interests in extraction, sourcing, procurement, delivery etc.

Titanium has wide applications and can be alloyed with iron, aluminum, etc to produce strong lightweight alloys for aerospace, military, industrial process, automotive, agri-food,orthopedic implants, dental instruments etc.

LV Prasad Eye Institute to open centre in UAE

Dubai, A leading Indian eye care institute will set up its centre in UAE''s Ras Al Khaimah emirate.

Hyderabad-based L V Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI) (Gullapalli Nageswara Rao, Chairman) has signed an agreement with UAE''s RAK Hospital and Medfort Hospitals to set up an eye care facility in UAE''s Ras Al Khaimah emirate.

The new RAK LVPEI facility will come up near the RAK Hospital campus and is scheduled to be operational in a year.

The agreement was signed by Raza Siddiqui, Executive Director of RAK Hospital and ETA Star Healthcare and Dr G S K Velu, Chairman of Medfort Hospitals, at a function held in the presence of Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Member of the UAE Supreme Council and Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah, and Dr Gullapalli N Rao, Chairman of L V Prasad Eye Institute.

L V Prasad Eye Institute is a World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Prevention of Blindness and offers comprehensive patient care, sight enhancement and rehabilitation services, and high-impact eye health programmes.

It also pursues cutting-edge research and offers training in human resources for all levels of ophthalmic personnel.

Dr G N Rao, Chairman, LVPEI said that blindness and vision impairment are major public health problems all over the world, including the UAE.

"There is a great need to develop eye care centres of high quality in the area. At LVPEI, we are delighted to collaborate with RAK Hospital and Medfort in the development of world class eye care services, leading to the creation of a centre of excellence in eye care," Rao said.

Akkineni gets Padma Vibhushan and Koneru Rama Krishna Rao PadmaShri

On the occasion of the Republi Day the government of India has announced the Padma awards. Veteran actor Akkineni Nageswara Rao has been conferred with the second highest award Padma Vibhushan. He had earlier been honoured with Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan.

Prof Koneru Ramakrishna Rao, chairman of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research and former vice chancellor of Andhra University has been conferred with Padma Shri award. The awards will be presented by President Prathiba Patil at a function to be held shortly.

Friday, January 21, 2011

Coastal Projects buys 26 per cent in Italy's SELI for Rs.108 crore

Coastal Projects Limited (Surendra Sabbineni, Managing Director) has acquired a 26-per cent stake in Societa Esecuzione Lavori Idraulici S.p.A (SELI) of Italy, for around 17.85 million euros (approximately Rs108 crore).

SELI, one of the world's most experienced tunneling contractors, has established operations across the world, including India.

Hyderabad-based Coastal Projects, a civil engineering and construction firm, specialises in tunneling and underground excavation for hydro-electric, irrigation, rail, road and mining projects. The company has successfully completed more than 75 km of tunneling work and has 250 km under execution at present.

SELI also designs and builds hard rock and soft ground tunnel boring machines and auxiliary equipment at its manufacturing facility located in Italy.

SELI has completed more than 520 km of tunnels with the use of mechanised excavation systems and has completed 68 projects around the world.

Coastal Projects and SELI will also work together in South Asia, especially India, in view of the large construction and development works currently in progress and expected shortly in these countries. Both parties expect considerable business opportunities for their expertise With increased use of tunnel boring machines in a number of tunneling projects in India, Coastal Projects expects to benefit from its association with SELI.

Coastal Projects already owns three TBMs in India and SELI's know-how and global expertise in operations and manufacturing of these machines will be a key factor in the company's bidding and execution of projects.

Costal Projects is one of the pioneers and specialists in underground excavation in the country covering civil construction of hydroelectric projects, underground powerhouse complexes, shafts, rail tunnels, water carriage tunnels and road works.

The company, with a turnover of over Rs1,300 crore, has current orders of over Rs7,500 crore.

The company is backed by prominent global private equity investors such as Barings, Sequoia Capital, Fidelity and Deutsche Bank.

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Kony Solutions raises $19M

Kony Solutions Inc. raised $19.1 million in its first round of venture funding.

Insight Venture Partners gave the money. The first tranche is $13.4 million, and San Mateo-based Kony plans to spend it on research and on sales and marketing.

Raj Koneru is Kony Solutions’ CEO. He helped start Intelligroup (NASDAQ: ITIG) and several other businesses. Kony makes software used in mobile device applications.

Kony’s customers include United Airlines and Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A.

The company is hiring for several technical and sales jobs.

Rayapati berth confirmed?

Senior MP Rayapati Sambasiva Rao is in no compromising mood to miss out on a ministerial berth this time. As Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is likely to reshuffle his cabinet next week, the veteran Congress MP is using all his resources to make the cut.

According to sources, the four-time MP has made it clear to the party high command that he will retire from politics if he does not get a berth in the Union cabinet.

Though the volatile political situation in the state might force the party high command to exercise caution, it is also not in a position to completely ignore the demands of senior leaders. The Eluru has emerged as a strong contender for a berth. Both Rayapati and Kavuri Sambasiva Rao belong to the strong Kamma community. Party insiders said both the senior MPs are gunning for junior minister Daggubati Purandeswari. But, she is also a Kamma leader.

While Purandeswari is serving her second term in the Lok Sabha, Kavuri is a five-time MP. Rayapati is the most experienced as he has served as a member of both the Houses of Parliament. He is considered to be close to 10 Janpath as he has been with the party for the past three decades; Kavuri made a brief exit to serve Tewari Congress before rejoining the Congress.

"Madam personally promised him to do justice next time, when he walked out of Delhi during the cabinet formation in 2009 by hurriedly summoning him back to her residence from the airport," recalled a district minister.

A senior MP reportedly suggested to Sonia Gandhi's political secretary Ahmed Patel to accommodate Purandeswari's husband and senior MLA Venkateswara Rao in the state cabinet to take on Jagan camp in Prakasam district where the YSR scion has a good following. Congress leaders argue that there is a strong need to polarise the second strong community of Kammas to counter the Jagan factor. In such an equation, Purandewari might lose her job.

Another factor that could help Rayapati is that Kavuri represents West Godavari, a Kapu-dominant district. With Kapu leader Pallamraju already in the Union cabinet, sources said the high command could plump for Rayapati.

Tuesday, January 18, 2011

India's marathon couple: Around the world in 365 days

Hyderabad: Talk about going that extra mile. A couple in Hyderabad decided to do just that and ended up running around the world in 2010.

Bored of running in marathons in cities, Uma Chigurupati and Krishna Prasad Chigurupati decided to explore the world and finally rounded up their journey in Antarctica, thus becoming the first Indians to complete marathon runs across seven continents in the same calendar year.

Uma Chigurupati, Managing Director, Krishna Estates said, "When we came to know that Antarctica run is in December, we thought of doing all the other runs before that in this calendar year itself."

Uma and Prasad rate Antarctica as the final frontier but say Africa was no less a challenge where they ran with the animals.

Summing up the experience at Antarctica, Krishna Prasad, Managing Director, Granules India said, "As far as the vision goes in Antarctica, there is no one to be seen. One wrong step and you could fall into a crevice. That feeling was scary."

The adventure was also not without its lighter moments.

Prasad said, "My wife doing better than me and disappearing was a funny moment. I couldn't even see her after some time. I was wondering how I am lagging behind so much."

Prasad is hoping to make up when he and Uma run the North Pole marathon in April. That will make them the first Indians and the first couple to run there.

Monday, January 17, 2011

Team Hispania bank on Karthikeyan

Formula One Hispania Racing Team (HRT) are confident of a turnaround in their fortunes this season with India’s Kakarla Kumar Ram Narain Karthikeyan at the wheel.

Team Principal Colin Kolles, who has known Karthikeyan from his days with Jordan, reckons the Indian is fitter and faster than before and it was right for him to make a comeback.

“We are hoping for a better performance for sure. Last season was the first one for some people in the Team, including the drivers. And we are working hard on the more developed and improved car,” Kolles told IANS in an e-mail interview.

“I have known Karthikeyan for a long time. His experience is valuable, having raced for Jordan and test driven as reserve driver for Williams F1, besides other important racing series,” he said.
The Madrid-based side failed to earn a point in the 2010 season and shared the back of the grid with other low budget teams like Virgin and Lotus.

Kolles said the dynamics of the car had changed for better.

“We have a Williams rear end with the hydraulics and the Cosworth engine. A package that was able to qualify in the top ten last year! Anyway, we have to be realistic,” he said.

The German is now looking to fill the second driver’s seat and was quick to rule out the name of last season’s driver Karun Chandhok, the second Indian to drive a F1 car after Karthikeyan. Chandhok said he had turned down the HRT offer to drive this season.

“We never made any offer to Chandhok for the new season. I do not see him as the second driver.”

“We left because FOTA defends mainly the interests of the big teams. We see no benefit in paying money for being part of an association like FOTA. We better invest our money in developing the car and in giving a chance to young people in a young team,” Kolles said

Saturday, January 15, 2011

New North Hills 'Chaat center' isn't about talking, but eating

Local food entrepreneur Prasad Potluri is bringing the concept of chaat center, or snacking place, to Pittsburgh.

He hopes to open it on Perry Highway in McCandless on Jan. 26, which is Republic Day in India. It's a former pizza place adjacent to the newest of his three Manpasand Spice Corner Indian food stores, but it's not going to be a full restaurant like his three Tamarind restaurants.
The idea is to serve snacks such as samosas, idlis, vada, mini dosas, poori, pakoras and other fritters, bhelpuri and other chaat -- savory small plates of street-food-type fare that customers can take away or savor while they shop.

"This would give a better exposure to the unusual items we do not find at our restaurants," says Mr. Potluri, who also plans to move his weekly Curry Point service -- prepared foods for pickup -- to this location, and so it will offer some curries.

Mr. Potluri, who is from Vijayawada, explains how people there tend to eat dinner late, so after work and after school, "they have to have their snack" -- with their tea.

The snack center is part of the new Manpasand Spice Center store at 10293 Perry Highway, McCandless (724-935-1115). The other stores are in Robinson and Scott

Thursday, January 13, 2011

Venigalla B Rao Wins Grant to Design New HIV Vaccine

Venigalla B Rao, chairman and professor of the Department of Biology, has been awarded $100,000 from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to design a new vaccine against the virus that causes AIDS.

“This is an exceptional recognition of the international significance of Professor Rao’s research, from one of the most innovative and competitive foundations operating today,” says L.R. Poos, dean of CUA’s School of Arts and Sciences.

Rao, who also serves as the director of CUA’s Center for Advanced Training in Cell and Molecular Biology, is a recognized expert on viruses and associated applications such as vaccine development. The award will enable him to turn his many years of research into an approach to making people resistant to pathogen infections such as the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV.

“This is a very good opportunity to build a powerful vaccine that incorporates both DNA and protein into the same vaccine,” says Rao. “It’s something our team of scientists at CUA has always aspired to do, and it’s a novel, out-of-the box idea that the Gates Foundation is excited about.”

The key player in Rao’s research is a benign virus called bacteriophage T4. Its value lies in its structural malleability, which allows researchers to manipulate it genetically.

Covering the surface of this virus are numerous microscopic knobs, some of which look like the sharp spines or quills on a porcupine. Rao’s goal is to push pieces of HIV DNA into the bacteriophage T4’s outer shell or capsid. His vehicle is a powerful packaging motor driven by fuel molecules known as adenosine triphosphate, or ATP.

The HIV proteins can then be attached onto the knobs, an approach that Rao recently developed in his lab at CUA using recombinant DNA technology. The result is a specially prepared bacteriophage T4.

Rao believes that once injected into a person, bacteriophage T4 would be recognized as a foreign particle. The body, to counter an HIV infection, would trigger production of antibodies. In essence, a person’s immune system would be primed to attack the harmful virus without actually being infected by it.

Rao has been a CUA faculty member for more than 21 years. His earlier research focused on determining how the DNA packaging motor packs its own genome into the virus’ outer shell and developing ways to attach pathogen proteins to the surface knobs of the virus. His twin research interests, he adds, led him toward his new project of developing a powerful vaccine platform against HIV.

He plans to apply to the Gates Foundation for a second installment of the grant.

The Seattle-based Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the world’s largest philanthropic organization, works to improve global health, education, and nutrition. Rao’s grant was one of 67 awarded as part of a five-year, $100 million initiative to help scientists find new ways to boost health in developing countries.

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

'90210' writer Padma Atluri has died.

TV writer Padma Atluri (90210) died on Saturday night from leiomyosarcoma, a rare form of cancer. She was 39.

Atluri, a 1995 Boston University communications graduate, began her writing career at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. A year later, she made a move to the entertainment industry, starting off as an assistant in the current department at Fox. In 1999, she joined HBO as manager of Awards & Festivals, position she held for 7 years. Then in 2006, Atluri, who grew up as a fan of I Love Lucy, Mary Tyler Moore, 60 Minutes, Family Ties and Growing Pains, made another career switch, to TV writing. She landed a gig on ABC's dramedy Men in Trees, followed by a writing job on 90210 on which she worked until her death. 90210 executive producer Rebecca Sinclair called Atluri "an extraordinary woman." "She was a terrific writer whose scripts bristled with vitality. She was an excellent producer whose incredible charisma and good humor endeared her to every single member of our cast and crew. And as a friend, she was peerless. Generous, gregarious, brave and hilarious, Padma was a great writer and a truly good person. Padma was special. She was incandescent. We miss her terribly and will be inspired by her forever." The most recent 90210 episode written by Atluri premiered on Sept. 20. Her final episode will air on Feb. 21 and will be in memorium of her.

In late summer 2008, Atluri attended Camp Obama and worked on the final stages of the Obama campaign, chronicling her experiences on the Huffington Post. She has also contributed to Marie Claire, Oprah's O Magazine and

Atluri was diagnosed in early 2010, with her condition suddenly deteriorating over the holidays in December. In an interview for a BU newsletter last May, she was asked where she saw herself in 10 years. Here is her response: "Ten years from now, I really hope I am in television. I love television so much. Back when I started, people would ask me, 'Are you sure you don’t want to go into film?' I always knew it was television because television is what spoke to me as a kid. My heart’s always going to stay with television—I can’t help it. That’s what’s inspired me in the beginning, and I hope that’s what’s going to inspire me to the end."

Atluri is survived by her mother Hyma Atluri, sister Jyothi, brother Bob, niece Shivani as well as a small army of friends.

Monday, January 10, 2011

Meet the man behind India's Genome Valley

This is the amazing story of Dr Krishna M Ella, a scientist who turned into a serial entrepreneur. Krishna Ella, chairman and managing director of Bharat Biotech International Ltd, is one of the pioneers in molecular research in India and the man behind the Knowledge Park at Genome Valley in Hyderabad.

It was his master's degree from the University of Hawaii, a doctorate from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and further teaching and research experience at the Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston that triggered the scientist in him.

Back in India in 1996, the scientist became a serial entrepreneur successfully, showing that a scientist can also become a successful businessman.

After setting up Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad, he advised the former Andhra Pradesh chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu and the then State industries secretary Sheila Bhide to set up a Biotech Park to provide impetus to the growth of knowledge-based industries.

It helped in the creation of Genome Valley in Hyderabad leading to the development of more than 100 knowledge-based biotech companies surrounding Bharat Biotech.

In this exclusive interview with rediff, Krishna Ella talks about his journey as a scientist and a serial entrepreneur.

Childhood in a village in Tamil Nadu
I am from a village near Thiruthani in Tamil Nadu and my father was a farmer. We were not wealthy farmers, just middle class. There were no businessmen or entrepreneurs or professionals in the family; only farmers.

After my schooling, I decided to study agriculture which my father didn't approve of. He felt nobody became a farmer just by studying agriculture! But I got so interested in the subject and wanted to be a farmer.
After my studies, as there was economic pressure, I decided to work with Bayer (a chemicals and pharmaceuticals company) in their agricultural division. I was not interested in research at that time as I was not happy with the kind of research that was going on in the country.

Fellowship to study in the US
While working for Bayer, I got the Rotary's Freedom from Hunger Fellowship to study in the United States. I would not have gone to study there if not for the scholarship.

I did my master's at the University of Hawaii and my PhD at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. My studies were basically on molecular biology.

It was thought provoking to listen to National Science Academy winners and Nobel laureates at the University, and those lectures changed my thinking process in appreciating science. After completing Ph.D., I chose to move to the Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston for further research and teaching.

My university helped me look at everything from a new light and not follow the beaten path.

Decision to come back to India
Two women in my life made me take the decision to come back to India. My wife, Suchitra, and my mother.
Suhitra wanted to come back to India. My mother told me, 'Son, you only have a 9-inch stomach and how much ever money you make, you can't eat more than that. You come back and do whenever you want, I will see to it that you get food! As long as I am alive, you will not starve.'
I had to come back after that. By saying I could do whatever I wanted to do after returning, she encouraged me to take risks.

My wife also gave me the option to do whatever I wanted to. We went to the US with four suitcases and came back with a 40-foot container! I was ready to take risks in my life. That was in 1996.

Back in India with a business plan for Hepatitis vaccine
In 1995, I started conceptualising a Hepatitis vaccine. That was because I was working on yeast molecular gene.

My expertise was taking the gene out of yeast and putting it back. There was a heavy demand for the medicine in India.

I set up a small lab in Hyderabad with the medical equipment I had brought along with me in my 40-foot container and started producing the protein.

I didn't get the funding I was expecting, as at that very time another biotech company had submitted a Rs 40-crore (Rs 400 million) proposal and mine was for Rs 12.5 crore (Rs 125 million). So they felt I, a scientist, didn't know what I was doing.

My proposed price for the vaccine was $1 when the going rate was $35 to $40. I was looked at with suspicion as the proposed cost of my project and the price of the vaccine were so much less!
So I went to another venture capital company. There was a catch there too. I found that nobody trusted a scientist as they all felt a scientist cannot be a good entrepreneur.

I also found that unless you bloat your proposal to Rs 100 crore (Rs 1 billion) or so, you wouldn't get any attention.

Can a scientist be an entrepreneur?
I find that science and business are very similar: for both, you plan and implement ideas. If it is hypothesis in science, it is business plan in business. If its risk analysis in business, its testing the methods in science.

There are dogmas against high technology and high capital intensive projects. What I had planned was high technology and high capital intensive. The third dogma was the feeling that Indians could not do it. Fourth dogma was the belief that a scientist could not think like an entrepreneur.

When all the venture capitalists I went to rejected my proposal, I went to IDBI as I wanted a Rs 2-crore (Rs 20 million) equity.

I requested for sweat equity but I was told that they didn't give sweat equity to any company. One person then suggested that he would give me sweat equity once the vaccine is licensed. That is how it all began.

A scientist becomes an entrepreneur!
We, at Bharat Biotech, became the second company funded by IDBI and the technology board after Shantha Biotech.

We started Bharat Biotech with a total cost of Rs 12.5 crore, out of which Rs 5 crore (Rs 50 million) was equity (promoters, Rs 3 crore and IDBI, Rs 2 crore). The balance capital was funded by way of loan from Technology Development Board (Department of Science and Technology) and IDBI Bank.

That was how I became an entrepreneur. The testing was going on at that time. In three years' time, in January 1999, then President Dr Abdul Kalam launched the vaccine.

350-400 million Hepatitis vaccine doses today. The cost of Hepatitis B vaccine child dose is approx Rs 4 per dose. We supplied 35 million doses for the national immunization programme to the government of India at a price of Rs 10 per dose.

We supply 10 million doses to Pakistan, to UNICEF and also to Latin American markets. So far we have supplied 350-400 million doses to more than 65 countries.

We recovered our entire investment of Rs 12.5 crore in two years. Instead of declaring a dividend, what we did was to invest the money in R&D and capital outlays. Every year, we have been making Rs 15-20 crore (Rs 150-200 million) in profit. The turnover of Bharat Biotech is around Rs 300 crore (Rs 3 billion) now.

Biotech knowledge park in the Genome Valley
In 1996, I had made a presentation to Chandrababu Naidu, the then chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, on the need to have a biotech knowledge park.

We requested for land from APIIC (Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation) where we should set up only knowledge industries and not polluting ones.

A Government Order was passed accordingly as it was a new concept in India. Bharat Biotech's Hepatitis vaccine plant was the first one to come up there, followed by the ICICI Knowledge Park. So many other industries came later. Finally it culminated as Genome Valley.

We were the first to enter the Valley. Now, more than 100 knowledge-based industries are there, from multinationals like DuPont to Monsanto to ITC to some smaller ones. And this paved the way for the growth of knowledge-based industries.

Genome Valley has become very important as far as biotech parks are concerned in India. It catalysed the very idea of such parks.

I would say the real biotech industry is in Hyderabad, not in Bengaluru. It is the biotech industries from Hyderabad that are contributing 50 per cent to the industry in the country, followed by Pune.

Knowledge-based industry in India
In the world, the number 1 to 3 positions are held by the United States as far as knowledge-based industries are concerned.

All the other countries are nowhere near them. It is because they recognised this branch of science very early and the academic researches are very intense, and product- and societal-oriented, unlike in India.

Public problems do not figure in academic research in India. On the other hand, whenever there is a public problem in the US, scientists' research moves towards the disease and the problem.
There is a continuity of science in many institutes. Unfortunately, we haven't solved one public health or agricultural or disease problem so far.

Projects Rotavirus, malaria vaccines and more . . .
I have nine molecules in various stages of clinical trials. This is worth about Rs 350-400 crore (Rs 3.5-4 billion).

In the last one year, our significant contribution has been the Rotavirus vaccine. It has undergone the phase II clinical trial. It is being developed by a consortium, led by Bharat Biotech, which includes DBT, AIIMS, NII, CDC, SAS, NIH, Stanford University, PATH, etc. Bharat Biotech's IND Rota is also the second Investigational New Drug Application filed in India. The first is Lysostaphin.

Our malaria vaccine is currently in a development stage and is being developed in partnership with International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB).

Bharat Biotech is the first company to manufacture preservative-free vaccine for a multinational like Wyeth. This provided us with the confidence that we can also produce our own preservative-free vaccine.

We are also making thimerosal-free vaccines in typhoid and rabies. We also launched this year HNVAC, India's first cell-cultured swine flu vaccine. HNVAC is the only developing-world flu vaccine to be manufactured in cell culture, in a highly sterile and controlled manufacturing process, instead of eggs.

Bharat Biotech has a lot of products in the pipeline like the dengue vaccine, chickungunya vaccine and staphylococcus aureus vaccine.

We also have the typhoid conjugate programme. We are also moving to specialized vaccines. For example Rabies, Japanese Encephalitis vaccine, etc.

In another six months' time, we will launch a cardiovascular drug, a Recombinant Thrombolytic Agent being developed for the first time in the world (THR-100). It is the first by an India pharmaceutical company. It is considered better than Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA).

Animal Welfare Project
My Rs 100 crore (Rs 1 billion) project in animal welfare started with a visit to a village in Anantapur.

I saw a bucket full of water in a house. When the son of the lady of the house asked for a bath before going to school, I saw the mother refusing him a bath.

When I asked her why she didn't give a bath to her son, she replied that she had only one bucket of water and she wanted to give a bath to the cow.

Their livelihood and the child's education both depended on the milk the cow gave. I was touched by the idea of one cow supporting the entire family when the entire village was affected by drought.

I felt I should do something for animals like cattle, goats, sheep, etc. I am looking at how to help large animals by finding out the major and minor diseases that may affect them and destroy the dairy industry. If a cow gets a disease, it will die in 48 hours, and a cow that gives Rs 300 cash every day is gone!

I have found that farmers who are not committing suicide are the ones who have one or two cows. Those who rely 100 per cent on agriculture resort to suicide. Those with 50 per cent income from agriculture and 50 per cent from dairy survive.

R&D: A neglected area in India
According to me, every company has to start with R&D, then manufacturing and after that only comes marketing. But in India, R&D is the most neglected area.

Here, they want to build a company and only then think of R&D. Scientists working in the company are not delivering because they are working to keep their jobs intact. In the process, nobody takes risks; neither the scientists nor the company. We are not creating a risk-taking culture.

I feel technology should reach the common man and no citizen should be deprived of healthcare solutions. Vaccines have to become affordable to the common man. When I sell at a low price, multinationals and politicians try to kill it by saying it might be of low quality.

If I sell a vaccine at Rs 100, it is good and if I sell it at Re 1, it is described as a bad one.
I am an entrepreneur now and I look at the problems the Indian society faces and then convert that into a business opportunity.

Friday, January 7, 2011

జై ఆంధ్ర... జై జై ఆంధ్ర....

ప్రత్యేక ఆంధ్రకు జై కొడదాం!

ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంలో ఉద్యోగ, ఉపాధి అవకాశాలు లేక అవకాశాలు వెదుక్కొంటూ హైదరాబాద్ వచ్చి ఎన్నో ఏళ్ళ క్రితం స్థిరపడిన వారిని కూడా ప్రస్తుత కరడు కట్టిన తెలంగాణా వాదులు ఆంధ్రా ప్రాంతంలోకి తరిమి కొద్తామంటున్నారు. ఈ ప్రాంతంలో ఇతర రాష్ట్రాల వారు, లేదా ఇతర దేశాల వారు వచ్చి ఉద్యోగం, వ్యాపారం చేసుకోవచ్చు కాని ఆంధ్ర వారికి మాత్రం ఆ అవకాశం లేదంటున్నారు కొంతమంది అవకాశవాదులు. రాష్ట్ర రాజధానిలో ఆంధ్ర, రాయలసీమ ప్రాంతం వారిని ద్వితీయ శ్రేణి పౌరులుగా చూస్తున్నారు.

ఆంధ్ర రాయలసీమ ప్రాంతాలలో వసూలు చేసిన పన్నులతో హైదరాబాద్ మరియు చుట్టుపక్కల జిల్లాలైన మెదక్, రంగారెడ్డి ప్రాంతాలలో ఎన్నోకేంద్ర, రాష్ట్ర భాగస్వామ్యంలో ఎన్నో పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపించారు. హైదరాబాదులో కొన్ని లక్షల కోట్లు వ్యయం చేసి మౌలిక వనరులు ఏర్పాటు చేశారు.

తెలంగాణా జిల్లాలలో ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతం వారు పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపించటం వలన ఎక్కువగా లబ్ది పొందింది ఈ ప్రాంతం వారే. అక్కడి వారెందరో తమ ప్రాంతంలోనే ఉపాధి సంపాదించుకొన్నారు, ఆ ప్రాంతంలో భూముల విలువ పెరగటం మూలంగా లబ్ది పొందింది కూడా వారే. తెలంగాణా ప్రాంతంలో పరిశ్రమ స్థాపించిన ఒక్క ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతం పారిశ్రామికవేత్త ప్రయోజనం పొందితే అనేకమంది తెలంగాణా ప్రాంతంవారికి ఉపాధి పొందటం ద్వారా ప్రయోజనం కలిగింది.

తెలంగాణా ప్రాంతంలో ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంవారు కార్పరేట్ కళాశాలలు ఏర్పాటు చేయటం వలన గత రెండు దశాబ్దాలుగా లబ్ది పొందిన ఈ ప్రాంతం వారు ప్రస్తుతం విద్య, ఉద్యోగ పరంగా కూడా మంచి స్థానాలలో ఉన్నారు. రెండు దశాబ్దాల క్రితం ఈ ప్రాంతాల నుండి ధనికులైన వారూ మాత్రమె తమ పిల్లలని ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంలోని కళాశాలల్లో చదివించేవారు. కాని ప్రస్తుతం మంచి నాణ్యమైన విద్య అందుబాటులో లభించటం కారణంగా ఈ ప్రాంతంలోని మధ్య మరియు దిగువ మధ్య తరగతి విద్యార్ధులు కూడా ఎంతో ప్రయోజనం పొంది మంచి ఉపాధి అవకాశాలను పొందగలిగారు.

ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంలో విద్యావంతులు, పెట్టుబడిదారులు ఎక్కువగా ఉన్నారు. వీరిలో ఎక్కువ మంది ఈ ప్రాంతంలో పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపించటానికి సరైన మౌలిక వసతులు, ప్రభుత్వ ప్రోత్సాహం లేక పోవటంతో తెలంగాణా ప్రాంతంలో మరియు ఇతర రాష్ట్రాలలో పెట్టుబడులు పెట్టి పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపిస్తున్నారు. ప్రత్యేక ఆంధ్రా రాష్ట్రం ఏర్పడిన పక్షంలో వీరిలో ఎంతోమంది ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంలో పరిశ్రమలు స్థాపించటానికి ముందుకు వస్తారు, తద్వారా ఇక్కడి వారికి ఉపాధి మరియు మంచి ఉద్యోగ అవకాశాలు ఏర్పడతాయి.

కొత్తగా ఉద్యోగం, ఉపాధి పొందినవారి వలన, రైతుల భూములకు మంచి విలువ లభించటం మూలంగా ఇక్కడి వారి వ్యక్తిగత ఆదాయం మరియు కొనుగోలు శక్తి పెరుగుతుంది. ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతం తెలంగాణా నుండి విడిపోయిన పక్షంలో ఒక దశాబ్దంలోనే హర్యానా, పంజాబ్ రాష్ట్రాలతో సమానంగా వ్యసాయ రంగంలో, పారిశ్రామిక రంగంలో గుజరాత్ మరియు మహారాష్ట్ర లతో పోటి పడగలదు.

పోలవరం ప్రాజెక్ట్ జాతీయ ప్రాజెక్ట్ గా ప్రకటించి, పులిచింతల ప్రాజెక్ట్ ను పూర్తి చేస్తే ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతానికి ముఖ్యంగా కృష్ణ డెల్టాకు, వ్యవసాయానికి, తాగునీటికి కరువు ఉండదు. కృష్ణ, గోదావరి జలాల నీటి వాటా  విషయంలో ఇరు ప్రాంతాలవారికి  ఆమోదయోగ్యమైన నిర్ణయం తీసుకుంటే ఒక ప్రధాన సమస్య తీరినట్లె.  ఇప్పటికే   విద్యుత్ ఉత్పత్తిలో కోస్తా ఆంధ్ర రాయలసీమ మిగులు విద్యుత్ కలిగి ఉంది. కొత్తగా ఈ ప్రాంతంలో  పరిశ్రమలు, పారిశ్రామిక వాడలు ఏర్పాటు చేయటానికి ఇది యెంతో అనుకూలమైన అంశం.

రాష్ట్రం విడిపోతే నష్టపోయేది ఎవరో కొద్ది మంది తెలంగాణలో పెట్టుబడులు పెట్టిన పారిశ్రామికవేత్తలు, రియల్ ఎస్టేట్ వ్యాపారులు మాత్రమె. లబ్ది పొందేవారు మాత్రం ఆంధ్ర ప్రాంతంలో 
అంతకు కొన్ని వేల రెట్లు ఉన్నారు.

ఈ ప్రాంతంనుండి ఎంతోమంది మంత్రులు, ముఖ్యమంత్రులుగా ఎన్నికైనా, వారు హైదరాబాద్ లోనే స్థిరపడ్డారు ఆస్తులు కూడా ఆప్రాంతంలోనే ఏర్పాటుచేసుకున్నారు. వారివలన మన ప్రాంతానికి ఏవిధమైన ప్రయోజనం కలగలేదు, కలగదు కూడా. రాష్ట్రం విడిపోతే వీరికి నష్టం, అందుకే వీళ్ళు రాష్ట్రం కలిసి ఉండాలని కోరుకుంటున్నారు. కొందరి ప్రయోజనం కోసం ఎంతోమంది ప్రయోజనాలు తాకట్టు పెడతారా?

అందుకే ఆలోచించండి ఆంధ్రులారా.. మన రాష్ట్రంలో, మన రాజధానిలో మనం ప్రధమ శ్రేణి పౌరులుగా బ్రతుకుదాం.

జై ఆంధ్ర.. జై జై ఆంధ్ర.. జై కాకాని వెంకటరత్నం...

Also read:

SubbaRao Yalamanchili to become voice of students

Subbarao Yalamanchili got a taste of local politics last year, when he joined a group of students at a Nashua Board of Education meeting, urging members not to cut into classes and programs at the high schools.

Next week, he’ll be on the other side of the table when he takes his seat as the new student member of the Board of Education. Yalamanchili, a junior at Nashua High School South, was elected by his school’s student body last month and already has a list of ideas he plans on bringing to the table.

“I know I’m going to have an impact. That’s why I’m excited to get started,” Yalamanchili said.
Yalamanchili will be the seventh Nashua high school student to hold the position, which lasts for one year. The Board of Education created the position in 2004, and since then, a new student has been elected each year, rotating between the city’s two high schools. The student member does not get a vote and cannot take part in nonpublic meetings, but can take part in discussion during public meetings and propose motions.

His first meeting will be Monday, the Board of Education’s first meeting of the year. He already has meetings scheduled with Superintendent Mark Conrad and South Principal Jennifer Seusing to help get a better understanding of the issues on the board’s agenda.

“I didn’t want to get to the first meeting and have them ask a question about high school and not know the answer,” he said.

Yalamanchili also wants to continue exploring the possibility of bringing a Dunkin’ Donuts into the high schools as a way to generate revenue. The idea came out of a business class project last year where students were charged with coming up with ways to solve the district’s budget crisis. Yalamanchili was in that class and believes bringing the popular chain to the schools would not only be popular with students but would help bring in money to a cash-strapped district.
Yalamanchili has talked with other students who have held the position for advice, including 2008 student member Christopher Crawford.

Yalamanchili wants to continue one of Crawford’s ideas of reaching out to Nashua alumni for donations to help budget issues. Yalamanchili has aspirations of working in politics as a career. He has already looked at colleges in Washington, D.C., such as Georgetown University and George Washington University.

“I’ve just always wanted to help make a change in someone’s life,” he said.

Yalamanchili was one of four candidates for the position. The vetting process included going before the Nashua High School North student senate, which narrowed down the number to two. Those two finalists, including Yalamanchili, faced off in a schoolwide election last month.
To make sure he is representing students at both high schools, Yalamanchili plans on attending North student senate meetings to get a feel for what their concerns are.

Yalamanchili has already been able to meet several prominent politicians, including President Barack Obama and former President Bill Clinton. Yalamanchili will be volunteering with one of Clinton’s organizations this summer, spending three weeks in India, his native country, helping children with AIDS.

Yalamanchili works part time as a math tutor. He is also on the varsity tennis team and a member of the National Honor Society.

Thursday, January 6, 2011

Archbishop Stephen Naidoo

South African clergyman and educationist who became the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cape Town and was known for his opposition to apartheid.

Stephen Naidoo was born on 23 October 1937 in Durban, Natal, to parents who came from India. He received his primary and secondary schooling in South Africa and was taught by Christian missionaries, before going to Britain for the Redemptorists' noviceship at St. Mary's, Kinnoull Hill, Perth. He then studied theology at Hawkstone Park in Shropshire.

Naidoo decided that he needed to learn Tamil also if he were to be able to do his work more effectively, so he spent some time in Bangalore, India, learning the language. After that he took a doctorate in Canon Law at the Dominican Angelicum University in Rome.

In 1968 Naidoo returned to South Africa after a period of teaching liturgy at Hawkstone. He immersed himself in church work, learning a lot about his country in the process, visiting households in African townships and observing first hand the problem of the Cape Town Colored and other minorities. The inequities of the apartheid regime became even more apparent to him and his stand against it, though it did not make headlines, but nonetheless firm.

In 1973 Naidoo succeeded Cardinal Owen McCann as the first "non-White" Archbishop of Capetown. He may not have being as outspoken in his opposition to apartheid as his Anglican counterpart, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, but he also became known for his vigorous denunciation of it. In April 1987 he teamed up with Tutu and others in St. Mary's Anglican Cathedral in a prayer service for detainees. At the time, there was a ban on "joint action" for detainees; Naidoo described the ban as a "manifest nonsense." He spoke on South African problems at the October 1987 Synod on the Laity in Rome, and achieved high profile exposure in the universal church. At the end of the Synod he was elected one of the three African representatives to the Synod board where he was said to have made a good impression with his courtesy and quick wit.

He died on 1 July 1989 at Merton Park in Surrey, England, after an attack of angina.

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

Kammavari Universities (Deemed)

All the 3 Universities in AP belongs to Kammas:

1) GITAM University - Visakhapatnam
2) K L University - Vijayawada
3) Vignan University - Guntur
4) Lingaya's University - Faridabad (Haryana) (Named after Sri.Gadde Lingayya)
5) PES University - Bangalore  
6) Karpagam University - Coimbatore

NSL Power inks MoU with Orissa for 1,320 Mw project

NSL Power, part of the Hyderabad-based NSL Group (Mandava Prabhakara Rao, Chairman), has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Orissa government for setting up a 1,320 (2x660)-Mw coal-based power plant.

The project, with an investment of around Rs 6,600 crore, would come up near Boinda in Anugul district of the state.

The Orissa government will assist NSL in getting single window clearances and approvals. Besides, it would recommend allocation of captive coal blocks from the central government. The mega project will also sell power to distribution entities of other states.

Speaking to Business Standard, NSL Power vice president Shekar said the project would come up on 1,000-1,200 acre. The company was in the process of getting environmental clearances and would follow it up with financial closure towards the end of this calendar year. "We expect the financial closure to happen in December or March next year,'' he said.

Of the total project cost, 75 per cent would be debt and the remaining equity, which is likely from internal accruals.

NSL group chairman Mandava Prabhakar Rao said NSL Power would be implementing conventional thermal power projects with a total capacity of 2,640 Mw, including a 1,320 Mw thermal power project in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu, at an investment of around Rs 7,000 crore. The Tamil Nadu project is in advanced stage of development, , according to a release. The group is into agriculture, textiles and power among others.

S M SreeRamulu Naidu: Tamil movie Legend

He is the only Indian Film World personality, perhaps even elsewhere in the world who promoted and managed three motion picture studios, producing and directing movies therein in more than one language. That was not all. He produced and directed a single film of his "Malaikallan" (1954) in six languages including the original Tamil, like Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and even Sinhala. This film created movie history, and even after half century and more it still sustains interest. The Hindi version "Azad" starring the two iconic immortals of Indian Cinema, the 'Tragedy King' Dilip Kumar in his first swashbuckling role (which at first he refused to do and was even amused when the south Indian producer, a stranger to Hindi Cinema approached him with the project!), created Indian Film History...
The heroine was perhaps the most brilliant actress and star of Hindi Cinema, Meena Kumari.
Such dynamic dashing and creatively brilliant producer- director- studio owner and more was S. M.Sriramulu Naidu (1910-1976). One of the key figures in the astonishing development of cinema in south India he can be described deservedly, as 'the Coimbatore Movie Mogul.' Indeed not many are aware that Tamil Cinema truly began in Coimbatore before it rippled out to the provincial capital Madras which took over as the fulcrum of the South Indian film industry.

Subbarayulu Naidu Munuswami Naidu Sriramulu Naidu was born in Trichy in 1910 where his father Munuswami Naidu was a station master with the South Indian Railway Limited(SIR) with its headquarters at Trichy(then known as 'Trichinopoly' or 'Trichy' for short.). During that period railways in India were privately owned by public limited companies incorporated in England, whose shares were quoted and traded on the London Stock Exchange. Only after India became free in August 1947 railways came to be nationalised.

After retirement, Munuswami Naidu relocated in Coimbatore where he established a bakery under the name and style of Davey & Company in 1932, along with Hotel Davey in a leased premises on Bank Road opposite the Coimbatore Railway Station. Sriramulu Naidu joined him after completing the Intermediate course in college. (In those days it was a two year Pre-degree course, known as 'F.A.' or Intermediate). A workaholic he slogged at the bakery and never hesitated to work hands-on in any job. .He did carpentry work, and also excelled in baking cakes and also other jobs which required hard concentrated physical labour. Naidu was strongly disciplined and punctual, and a truly no-nonsense tough guy. He never tolerated clock-watchers and their country cousins at any level and believed in calling a spade a spade, and a nut, a nut. That was Sriramulu Naidu..

A good mixer he believed in socializing and as a young man in his early 20s, he joined the famous Coimbatore Cosmopolitan Club around 1932, He described himself as 'baker'. Movies and all that were still far away on the horizon, and in the womb of time...

Movies had begun to talk Tamil in 1931 with "Kalidas" directed by the 'Grand Old Man of South Indian Cinema' H.M. Reddy produced by Ardeshir M. Irani at Bombay. That was the period when the few Tamil films that were made were mostly produced in Bombay, or Calcutta or sometimes in Kolhapur for there were no facilities for making talking motion pictures in Madras till about 1934.

The neglected movie pioneer Samikannu Vincent who created history and placed Coimbatore on the Indian movie map produced along with others in Calcutta "Valli Thirumanam" (1933). It proved to be a box office hit and its success drew many people into the new motion picture business. It seemed to them to hold good prospects of profits, besides other perks.

Not surprisingly, Sriramulu Naidu exuding dynamism and adventurous spirit decided to throw his lot with the motion picture business. He underwent some kind of training in Premier Cinetone Studio in Coimbatore and developed many movieland friendships and life- long contacts with the some of them. One of them was R.K. Ramakrishnan Chettiar, (brother of the famed statesman and onetime Finance Minster of India, Sir R.K. Shanmugham Chettiar), who later founded along with Naidu and others the famed Central Studios in Coimbatore. Another friend was the equally dynamic and creative K.S. Narayana Iyengar in Madras, who had promoted Narayanan and Company, and later, Pakshiraja Films. At first, Naidu worked as Iyengar's agent and looked after interests in Coimbatore. Later he became a partner in Pakshiraja Films. For many a reason he opted out and promoted his own company, and made his films under 'Pakshiraja Studios' banner. Besides he built his own studio, 'Pakshiraja Studios', taking over Kandhan Studio and rebuilt it to his requirements and other creative needs. Naidu's new studio was a model of discipline, cleanliness and one never found a cigarette or a 'bidi' butt thrown recklessly around the studio lots.

Central Studios launched production, their first effort , "Tukaram" (1938), which was made in two languages Tamil, and Telugu. In the Tamil version the celebrated Classical Carnatic musician Musiri Subramania Iyer played the title role, while the famed Telugu stage and screen star, C.S.R. Anjaneyulu played the same role in the Telugu version. However the Tamil version did not do well as expected while the Telugu version fared badly.

At the dawn of 1940s Naidu and Ayyangar decided to enter movie production and the two launched their maiden Tamil production 'Aryamala" (1941), Produced under the banner of Pakshiraja Films at the Central Studios Naidu supervised the production also involving himself in all the aspects of direction.

"Aryamala", the Kaathavarayan folk tale, had the up-and-coming singing star of Tamil Cinema P. U. Chinnappa as hero. He had made a splash, with the Modern Theaters hit "Utthama Puthran" (1939) in which he played a double role. In 'Aryamala" Naidu introduced a new heroine to Tamil Cinema, M. S. Sarojini. The younger sister of another actress M. S. Mohanambal ( hardly remembered today), Sarojini had played minor roles in films featuring her sister and Naidu, with his flair for introducing new faces and experimenting with new ideas gave Sarojini the break casting her as the female lead.

It also had T.S. Balaiah, M.R. Santhanalakshmi, N.S. Krishnan and T.A. Mathuram. A folklore tale of mortals and gods and goddesses well narrated on screen with pleasing music, the film turned out to be a box office success. Interestingly, the film carries no credit for the director but the songbook mentions the noted cinematographer of that day Bomman Irani as director. (Some old-timers told this writer that Naidu worked on the sets leaning the ropes helped by the cinematographer, and two excellent technicians laboratorian Krishnan, and editor Panchapakesan (Panjabi!), who later created film history as directors under their professional name 'Krishnan-Panju'. Indeed Naidu was the livewire and moving force behind this box office hit.

Inspired by the success Sriramulu Naidu launched his second film "Sivakavi" (1943) also shot at Central Studios and had the first superstar of South Indian cinema immortal singing actor M.K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar in the title role. A story of the well known Poyyamozhi Pulavar, the film was at first directed by the sadly neglected iconic personality of Indian Cinema, Raja Sandow. Due to misunderstandings with Naidu, Raja Sandow opted out and the producer took over the making of the movie. One of the biggest hits of the early 1940s of Thyagaraja Bhagavathar who was then at the zenith of his fame and fortune, the darling of the masses and classes, charmed men and women with his verveful singing in his silky, seductive voice.

Like in any MKT movie music reigned supreme with music and lyrics by Papanasam Sivan, and orchestration set by G. Ramanathan, another underrated music director of Tamil Cinema.

The script was written by Elangovan, the first star writer of Tamil Cinema. During those days Bhagavathar insisted with his producers that before they engaged him for a movie they should engage and pay advance to Papanasam Sivan and Elangovan.

Rajakumari played a supporting role as a court dancer who falls for the poet hero. The song and dance number of Bhagavathar and Rajakumari, beautifully filmed by Raja Sandow. 'Kavalayai theerpadhu. (Raga, Naatakurnji ) rightly earned its place in the galaxy of immortal movie melodies of south India.

Another song which attained immortality was another song by Bhagavathar praising the heroine , 'Vadanamey chandra bimbamo.' (Sindhu Bhairavi) . At first Papanasam Sivan wrote the first line as 'mugham (face) adhu chandra bimbamo'. After the song was recorded by MKT and when the positive print of the song projected on the screen, all including Sivan were stunned for the first line sounded like 'Muhammadhu chandra bimbamo.'! Hurriedly Sivan rewrote the line as 'Vadanamey.' and the song was freshly recorded. In those days there were no tape recording facilities for song recording and songs were recorded on sound negative which had to be developed and then projected on screen to check for impact and errors, if any. Till it came from the lab everyone waited with nail- biting tension.

Bhagavathar sang another song , "Manam kaninthey. (Rathipathipriya). During this period noted Carnatic musician, M. M. Dhandapani Desikar was recording a private song in the same raga and requested Bhagavathar not to bring out the gramophone record of the film song. Bhagavathar in a gracious gesture did not record the song for a disc. That song by Desikar 'Jagajanani..' became a super hit. That was MKT.

Jayalakshmi, musician, painter S. Rajam's sister played the heroine and Rajam went along to Coimbatore as chaperone. To keep him busy he was cast as a handsome Brahmin (really Lord Muruga in disguise) whose cameo performance can still be watched with interest. Jaya was then married and the family insisted on Rajam tagging along.

Many other songs rendered by Bhagavathar also became classic hits. Those include, 'Swapana vaazhvil magizhindu.' (Bhuvanaghandhari). 'Vallalai paadum vayaal.'(Senjuritti).

"Sivakavi" was a grand success and ran for a prolonged period even in non-Tamil speaking areas in the Madras Presidency. Those were the days when linguistic chauvinism had not yet reared its ugly head and people watched other language movies without prejudice, for the thematic content and more particularly melodious music.

Another box office hit of Naidu, as producer-director was "Jagathalaprathapan" (1944) featuring P.U. Chinnappa in the lead role, with M.S. Sarojini, U.R. Jeevaratnam, and many other actresses. A folk tale and shot at Central Studios it had an interesting -and a novelty of the time- song sequence with Chinnappa who besides, singing, plays many instruments himself. In one shot he appears singing and playing different instruments

in a single frame! It was considered a marvel of technical achievement during that day.

While he was sailing merrily along the silvery moon his boat was rocked during late 1944 when he was arrested for his alleged involvement in the murder of the founding father of yellow journalism C. N. Lakshmikantham. However during the sensational Criminal Session trial at the Madras High Court the Prosecution found no evidence against him, and filed a 'Nolle Proseque" (No prosecution] and withdrew its case against him, and he walked out a freeman in early 1945.

After this event he parted company with Central Studios and established his own studios, Pakshiraja taking over Kandhan Studio in Coimbatore on long lease. Under his baton it became a humming hive of motion picture production not only in Tamil, but also in Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam and even Sinhala..,.

In his first movie at the new studio Naidu made, "Kannika" (1947), a folklore tale of a despotic demon (whose life is inside a pigeon kept in faraway inaccessible place!) (D. Balasubramaniam). His daughter (M.S. Sarojini) tries to reform him with no success. A divinely blessed young man (T. E. Varadan) with magical powers ,falls in love with the daughter and after many interesting adventures in obtaining the bird, he destroys the demonic villain and marries the princess and also saving his foster mother (M.R. Santhanalakshmi).

However "Kannika" fared badly at the box office.

The story of Arjuna falling in love with Pavalakodi, the princess of Pavala Theevu (Coral Island), has been popular in the Tamil-speaking world for many generations, though no such episode is found in the Mahabharata or any other epic. It was successfully adapted for stage and the play featuring M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar and S. D. Subbulakshmi even travelled to neighbouring countries such as Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The first film version of "Pavalakodi" was made in 1934, which marked the debut of actors Bhagavathar and Subbulakshmi, and director K. Subramanyam.

The second version was made in 1949 by Sriramulu Naidu and when the film was planned, Naidu intended to cast T. R. Rajakumari, who was famous at that time after the amazing success of "Chandralekha" (1948), as Pavalakodi and the then leading singing star Mahalingam as Arjuna. But, not surprisingly, Mahalingam preferred to play Lord Krishna and not Arjuna for a valid reason. Mahalingam created a sensation in Tamil theatre during the 1930s as a kid playing Krishna and proved equally successful when he played young Krishna in the hit film "Nandakumar" (1938), an early production of AV. Meiyappan in partnership with noted Marathi filmmaker Keshav Rao Dhaibar, who was for many years associated with the legendary film company, Prabhat. Following its success, Mahalingam played the young Krishna in quite a few films and grabbed the opportunity to play the grown-up Krishna in the Pakshiraja production.

To play Arjuna, Naidu cast T. E. Varadan, paired with Rajakumari which however created few waves.

Mahalingam virtually lived the role of Lord Krishna - he in fact sidelined the love story of Arjuna and Pavalakodi. As the go-between in the love affair, Mahalingam revealed his flair for comedy. In one sequence, Arjuna is converted into a swan (really a duck, suitably disguised!), and Krishna carries the bird around hawking it singing a song which became a big hit, "Annam vaangalaiyo. Amma.. Annam vaangalaiyo." (lyrics by Papanasam Sivan and music by C. R. Subbaraman).

The film was written by Elangovan, whose popularity was at its peak during that period. N. S. Krishnan-T. A. Mathuram provided their characteristic brand of comedy. Somewhat surprisingly, Krishnan sings a song in Hindi, "Kyaa karna. bhagwan.".

In spite of the excellent star cast, pleasing music and comedy, "Pavalakodi" did not prove to be a success mainly because moviegoers thought Mahalingam should have played Arjuna.

T. E. Varadan, a handsome Science graduate who got a break thanks to Naidu appeared in after a few films after which he bade goodbye to movies, and entered business, where he did much better! (The well-known cricketer T.E. Srinivasan, is son).

Then came in 1950 from Pakshiraja one of the classics of Tamil Cinema directed by the sadly neglected movie maestro K. Ramnoth " Ezhai Padum Paadu" with Naidu as producer. It was a fine adaptation of the French literary masterpiece Victor Hugo's 'Les Miserables'. Chittoor V. Nagaiah played Jean Val Jean superbly but another actor stole the thunder. He was the lawyer-turned-actor-screenwriter N. Seetharaman. He acted as the tough guy Police Inspector 'Javert' and his performance impressed the Tamil film-goers and critics alike that he came to be known for the rest of his life as 'Javert' Seetharaman!

Others in the cast were Serukalathur Sama, T. S. Balaiah, V. Gopalakrishnan, T. S. Durairaj, Lalitha and Padmini, (the noted 'Travancore Sisters' who began their film career by doing dance numbers were now blossoming into full fledged actors) , and 'Lux Soap Beauty' Kumari N. Rajam. (Now in her 80s, and known as Thanjavur N. Rajalakshmi, she is a successful Bharatanatyam guru.)

Nagaiah, the multi-lingual star of many talents, rose to great heights with his performance in the lead role as the reformed thief. Initially, the singing actor, Nagercoil K. Mahadevan (the screen Naradar!), was cast as the bishop who reforms the thief. After a few scenes were shot, Sriramulu Naidu replaced him with Serukalathur Sama which was a change for the better.

Written by Elangovan, the film had melodious music composed by S. M. Subbaiah Naidu. (Not many are aware that the film music maestro M. S. Viswanathan worked under Naidu as his 'harmonium assistant' at Jupiter Pictures - Central Studios, Coimbatore.) One song 'Vidhiyin vilaivaal..' (voice [Radha]-Jayalakshmi) picturised on Kumari Rajam was shot in a single 'Take' without a cut by Ramnoth. It was a technical marvel during that period. Even today, it leaves a stunning impact even among film technicians.

An incident concerning noted stage and screen actor V. Gopalakrishnan (Gopi) and producer Naidu known for his tough guy- no-nonsense attitude is worth recounting. There was a dream sequence - a song in which Lalitha in love with Gopi (who is in love with Padmini!) dreams out a fantasy. On the scheduled day, Ramnoth could not report for work due to his wife's illness. Gopi, a true blue disciple of the director, a mere lad of 18-19 doing his B. A. Hons., went back to his hotel room. Naidu was annoyed and sent for Gopi. He pulled him up for his absence and asked him to report for shooting that night which he would direct himself in the absence of Ramnoth. Gopi refused and, after some arguments, he was sent back to Madras the same night! And Naidu shot the dream scene that night with Ragini, the youngest of the Travancore Sisters, 'doubling' for Gopi! She was dressed up as a male and Naidu shot her using long shots and mid-shots mostly from the back! That was Sriramulu Naidu.

"Ezhai Padum Paadu" was a hit which created film history as the first Tamil film to be released on Deepavali Day, 1950, at 'Casino' cinema, Madras. It was then screening only English movies since it was built some years earlier. ('Les Miserables' was 'rehashed' in 1972 as "Gnana Oli" with Sivaji Ganesan, 'Major' Sundararajan and Sarada in lead roles, and directed by P. Madhavan.)

The film was also made in Telugu as "Beedala Paatlu".

His next film was "Kanchanana"(1952, Tamil and Malayalam) based on a hit magazine hit serial by well known writer 'Lakshmi,'(Thripurasundari), a medical doctor and her popular family tale was made by Naidu featuring K.R. Ramasami, Lalitha and others. Even though it was a well made film it did not fare well as expected. There was also a Malayalam version of this film.

For his next film, Naidu engaged the noted filmmaker of his day, college professor turned writer- director A.S. A. Sami who made "Ponni" (`1952) featuring Sriram and Padmini, in lead roles. A sentimental family drama, however it did not fare well. This film was also made in Telugu.

During 1951 the Hindi filmmaker Amiya Chakravarty made a hit "Badal" featuring Premnath and Madhubala in lead roles. Naidu dubbed it in Tamil ("Puratchiveeran") and Malayalam ("Desabhakthan", 1952). A Robin Hood-ish tale of the hero opposing the despotic jhagirdhar whose daughter falls in love with him, inspired Naidu to acquire the popular novel of the famous lawyer-Tamil scholar-sometime poet laureate of Tamil Nadu, Namakkal Va. Ramalingam Pillai, 'Malaikallan'. Obviously, the storyline was inspired by Robin Hood and Mark of Zorro ".

The crowning glory of Naidu's career was "Malaikalan" (1954) which established M. G. Ramachandran as box office hero. Naidu forged ahead to produce and direct this film besides Tamil, also in Telugu (Aggi Ramudu), Malayalam (Taskara Veeran), Kannada (Bettada Kalla), Hindi (Azad), and Sinhala (Soorasena).

All the versions were box office hits and the best of them all was the Hindi film featuring iconic movie star Dilip Kumar, and one of the finest actresses of Indian Cinema Meena Kumari in lead roles. This film broke all box office records and proved to be a red-hot money spinner. Pleasing music score by C. Ramchandra also was a major attraction in the film.

Naidu was a no- nonsense tough guy who never tolerated indiscipline and believed in calling a spade, a spade, and nut, a nut. And was a very persuasive person too who could make trees sing! While launching "Azad" (1955) he met Dilip to play the leading role. The Tragedy King of Hindi Cinema was amused that a Tamil film producer, whom he has never heard of before, should have come all the way to Bombay to engage him to play a swashbuckler's role, in his first Hindi film production! However, Naidu would never take no for an answer, and persuaded Dilip to sign on the dotted line to work in the Hindi version of "Malaikalan". He also brought on board Meena which proved to be one of the memorable movies of Hindi Cinema. During that period there were no star-hotels in Coimbatore, and Naidu took Dilip around many bungalows in the city and also the rooms in Pakshiraja Studios. Dilip chose to stay in the studio and so did Meena Kumari. Something almost incredible today...!

Music was composed by the wizard C. Ramchandra with lyrics by Rajendra Krishen and songs like 'Radha Na bole re..''Apalam chapalam.' and 'Kitna haseen hai mausam ..' became hits. Some of these tunes were used by Naidu in some other versions of the film.

In 1959 Naidu made "Maragatham", based on an interesting crime thriller by T.S.D. Sami, the film had a sub-title -'Karunkuyil Kunrathu Kolai'- within brackets. Totally fiction, of course, the title was an obvious inspiration from the sensational 'Karunkuzhi Parcel Murder Case', though the content was totally different.

The screenplay was by Naidu, while dialogue was penned by Murasoli Maran, and was excellently narrated on screen, and well directed by Naidu.

"Maragatham" narrated the happenings of rich zamindari family in which the maharaja is murdered and crime foisted on his innocent brother (Veena maestro S. Balachandar), and his lovely wife (Sandhya, Jayalalitha's mother ) who waits for her husband who had escaped from prison, and pines for her daughter (Padmini) believed dead but alive and comes to live with her, saved by her in a boating accident, not knowing her identity! Roly-poly noted Tamil Cinema comedian of yester-decade, sadly under-rated T. S. Durairaj plays the interesting role of the villain behind the murder with the real killer (T.S. Balaiah). The prince (Sivaji Ganesan) falls in love with his sister's daughter (Padmini) without knowing who she is!). Ultimately as it always does in movies, Truth comes out, killers are exposed, parted couples, and young lovers united, and all's well that ends well...

Balachandar excels with an impressive performance, understating his role in cinematic fashion while Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini make a delightful pair to watch. Ganesan is a treat to watch as a disguised servant to find out the truth behind the murder. J.P. Chandra Babu, famed but ill-fated singer comedian as the lovelorn butler is his usual self. Sandhya, buxomly lovely plays her role well.

The film had excellent sets (A.K. Sekhar) and the outdoor locations picturesque with fine cinematography (Sailen Bose) and also catching music, with one song, a duet between Chandra Babu and Jamuna Rani, singing for pretty Lakshmirajam, 'Kunguma poovey konjum puraavey..' It became a hit and is still popular even after half a century. (Music S.M. Subbaiah Naidu).

"Maragatham" still sustains interest even after five decades, and is worth watching even toady... The hallmark of a memorable movie..

In 1969 Naidu re-made it in Telugu as "Vimala" Telugu Cinema cult figure N. T. Rama Rao, and multilingual top star Savithiri. in lead roles.

Naidu also made films in Malayalam. He made "Prasanna" (1950) in which he cast Padmini and Lalitha in lead roles along with T.S. Balaiah and others. He also made the story of Sabarimalai Ayyaapa in Malayalam and Tamil which proved hits.

In 1963 Naidu made "Kalyaniyin Kanavan" which had Sivaji Ganesan and Saroja Devi lead roles. However this film did not fare well.

For many reason he had to shift his sphere of activity from Coimbatore, to Bangalore where he took over the Chamundeswari Studios. Sadly things were not like before. Advancing age and other problems prompted him to give the studio to his nephew for management which did not prove happy..

Later years of his life were far from happy, and he passed away in 1976, when he was only 66..

His contribution to the growth of cinema in this part of the country in more than one language awaits a proper assessment to this day. Sadly he remains a neglected figure of Indian Cinema. Indeed it is a matter of deep regret -and even shame - that the Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema published by the Oxford University Press some years ago does not contain an entry for Sriramulu Naidu, whereas lesser figur
es and- even also-rans- are highlighted in the book.

1. Kalyaniyin Kanavan (1963)
2. Sabarimalai Shri Ayyappan (1962)
3. Vimala (1960)
4. Maragatham (1959)
5. Thaskaraveeran (1957)
6. Azaad (1955)
7. Aggi Ramudu (1954)
8. Malaikallan (1954)
9. Desabhakthan (1952)
10. Kanchana (1952)
11. Kanjana (1952)
12. Prasanna (1950)
13. Kanika (1947)
14. Aariyamala (1941)

1. Kalyaniyin Kanavan (1963)
2. Shri Sabarimalai Shri Ayyappan (1961)
3. Vimala (1960)
4. Azaad (Hindi) (1955) (as S.M.S. Naidu)
5. Aggi Ramudu (1954)
6. Oka Talli Pillalu (1953)
7. Ponni (1953
8. Kanchana (1952)
9. Beedala Patlu (1950)
10. Ezhai Padum Padu (1950)
11. Pavalakodi (1949)
12. Jagadhala Prathaban (1944)
13. Sivakavi (1943)
14. Malaikallan
15. Bettadalli
16. Surasena
17. Tushkaraveeran

S M Subbaiah Naidu: First Kamma Music Director

S. M (Subbarayulu Naidu� Munuswami Naidu) Subbaiah Naidu (SMS) is a South Indian Music Director, Composer, Conductor, and Orchestrator. He was one of the oldest Music Directors. He worked as an in-house music composer for Jupiter Pictures. He is the brother of S. M. Sriramulu Naidu, who owns the Pakshiraja Films and a film director. SMS had scored music for many of the films produced by the Pakshiraja Films.

His all-purpose assistant, M. S. Viswanathan at Jupiter Pictures later became the musician of Tamil films. As his assistant, M. S. Viswanathan practiced composing tunes when SMS was not around. When MGR was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. S. Viswanathan had organised a programme to honour his "master" SMS. SMS was a very close friend of MGR.

He is fondly known as "Sangeethaiya" in the south Indian film industries. He somehow had never changed his trend of composing much from the beginning days. He is well versed in the Indian music but never showed interest in foreign tunes and music.

In 1947, SMS was the first music composer in Tamil film industry who had introduced playback singing for Rajakumari. Thiruchi Loganathan sang "Kasinimel Nangal", a playback song for M. N. Nambiar. It is notable that it is MGR's first movie as a hero. In 1948 under SMS's composition, Kannadasan wrote his first song "Kalangathiru Manamey Un Kanavellan Nanavagum Oru Dinamey" for Kanniyin Kathali sung by K. V. Janaki. The film was released in 1949.

Some compositions of S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, include
Thirudaathe papa from Thirudadhe by T. M. Soundararajan
Ethanai kaalanthaan from Malaikkallan by T. M. Soundararajan
Thoongaathe thambi from Nadodi Mannan by T. M. Soundararajan
Singaara Velane Deva from Konjum Salangai by S. Janaki
Nee Engey En Ninaivugalangey from Mannippu by T. M. Soundararajan
Maalai mayangukindra neram pachai malaivaLarum aruvi yoram from Maragadham by Radha Jayalakshmi
Annaiyai pol oru deivamillai from Annaiyin Aanai by T. M. Soundararajan
Ethanai selvangal vandhaalume from Thaayin Madiyil by T. M. Soundararajan
Sabash Thambi Un kolgaiyai Potrukiren from Sabash Thambi by T. M. Soundararajan
Kannil Vanthu Minnal Pol from Nadodi Mannan by T. M. Soundararajan & Jikki

Music Director
Tamil Films;
Manonmani (with G. Ramanathan) (1942)
Sri Murugan (with S. V. Venkatraman) (1946)
Valmiki (with S. V. Venkatraman) (1946)
Kanjan (1947)
Rajakumari (1947)
Kuntalakesi (with G. Ramanathan) (1947)
Kannika (1947)
Abhimanyu (with C. R. Subburaman) (1948)
Mohini (with C. R. Subburaman) (1948)
Kanniyin Kaadhali (with C. R. Subburaman) (1949)
Velaikkaari (with C. R. Subburaman) (1949)
Ezhai Padum Padu (1950)
Krishna Vijayam (with C. S. Jayaraman) (1950)
Dhikambara Saamiyaar (with G. Ramanathan) (1950)
Marma Yogi (with C. R. Subburaman) (1951)
Kanchana (1952)
Ponni (1953)
Malaikkallan (1954)
Vazhvile Oru Nal (with C. N. Pandurangan & T. G. Lingappa) (1956)
Nadodi Mannan (with N. S. Balakrishnan) (1958)
Annaiyin Aanai (1958)
Thirumanam (with T. G. Lingappa) (1958)
Mangalya Baghyam (with T. G. Lingappa & G. Ramanathan) (1958)
Maragatham (1959)
Adhisaya Penn (1959)
Nalla Theerppu (1959)
Thirudaadhe (1961)
Konjum Salangai (1962)
Kalyaaniyin Kanavan (1963)
Aayiram Kaalathu Payir (1963)
Thaayin Madiyil (1964)
Panthayam (1965)
Aasai Mugam (1965)
Naam Moovar (1966)
Uyir Mel Aasai (1967)
Shabash Thambi (1967)
Raja Veettu Pillai (1967)
Sundara Moorthi Nayanaar (1967)
Mutthuchippi (1968)
Naalum Therindhavan (1968)
Panakkaara Pillai (1968)
Aindhu Latcham (1969)
Mannippu (1969)
Thalaivan (1970)
Sinegidhi (1970)
Vairaakkiyam (1970)
Thanga Gopuram (1971)
Therottam (1971)
Badhilukku Badhil (1972)
Jakkamma (1972)
Hotel Sorkkam (1975)
Kula Gowravam (1976)
Kaviraaja Kaalamegam (1978)
Pennai Vaazha Vidungal
Aalai Kandu Mayangathey
Telugu Films:
Aggi Ramudu
Beedala Patlu
Muripimche Muvvalu