Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Koneru Humpy hand in Snowdrops victory

Koneru Humpy Gets Kudos for Her Play in Czech Coal Chess Match

Marianske Lazne: The Czech Coal Chess Match held last week was appropriately named Snowdrops (ladies) vs Oldhands. The chess legends of the 20th century vs the rising generation of female players.

You may call it a rematch because the same event was held last year too in Czech Republic around the same time when the snow was falling. India's Koneru Humpy, the strongest lady in the chess world after Judit Polgar, led the Snowdrops to a creditable 18-14 victory over the veterans.

Humpy was the top scorer with six points from the eight games she played (two each with reversed colours against the four opponents) but effectively it was a match of eight rounds in all- play-all system, each round consisting of four games.

Snowhands had a terrific start winning the first round by 3-1, but the veterans drew level with a same score in the next round. The ladies virtually had the match sealed in the next two rounds with resounding wins (3.5-0.5 and 2.5-1.5) taking a four-point lead.

Oldhands consisted of Lajos Portisch, one of the world's best chess players during the 1960s and 1970s, Vlastimil Hort, one of the best Czech players of all time, Dragoljub Velimirovic, champion of Yugoslavia in 1970, 1975 and 1997, known for his combinations and Wolfgang Uhlmann, the best player of former East Germany. Humpy, Lithuanian Grandmaster Viktoria Cmilyte, Philippines-born Australian chess player Arianne Caoli and the Czech Tereza Olsarova formed the Snowdrops quartet.

Humpy's only loss was to Vlastmil Hort in the penultimate round when she played attacking chess and went for a win. The Indian, who will be playing in the Women's World Championship at Hatay ( Turkey) in the first week of December, had satisfying wins over Portisch and Uhlmann in the first half of the tournament.

"Old masters play more practical chess rather than following move-to-move analysis. They try to create problems to the opponent over the board sometimes even by giving away material. I observed that if they get inferior positions they show a lot of determination to find counter-play," noted Humpy about her rivals after the match.

Humpy had good support from Viktoria Cmilyte, who scored 5.5 points. Hort was the top scorer for Oldhands with five points.

Monday, November 29, 2010

The Ravilla Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal

    Ravella Appasamy Naidu 

The Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal are of the Kammavar section of Naidu Community. Ilaiyarasanandal lies some six miles of Kovilpatti, Tinnelveli District, Tamilnadu.

Origin of Kamma:
A Rishi named Kamadita performed his penance in a forest known as Danda-Karanya,when many Rakshaas troubled him; he could not stand it, and hence he repaired to Maha Vishnu and laid before him his grievance. The latter directed the Rishi to his wife Lakshmi Devi, who gave him her ear ornament (Kamma) enjoying him to perform a penance for one hundred years. He fulfilled what had been told him, and the result was that five hundred warriors sprang from that Kamma. They destroyed the forests, annihilated the Rakshasas, and made the placefree from the trouble. The Rishi recognised their help, and blessed them to live happily by cultivation. The descendants of those warriors are called Kammavaaru as they originated from the Kamma.

In 'Brahmanda Purana Kalidharma Prakarnam', Chapters 3 to 20, we find the following:- The kammavars were born to the descendants of the Solar King Dwilipa and as they had alliances with the lunar race they were known as Upayadis. The original man is said to be one Dharmapala and their Guru, Dharmasilan. A member of the lunar race tried to carry away a daughter of Dharmapala, named Kannikamani, when the parents of the girl with a view todisgracing him had a black dog disguised as a girl, left it in the house, and migrated to Southern parts. At that stage, a river barred their way. They begged of the Rishi Jamadagni who was busy in a penance on the bank of the river. They were with him his wife Rukminidevi, and also Parasurama. Rukminidevi gave them her ear ornament (Known as Kamma), directed them to attach veneration to it and further added that if they did so, the river would give way. This came to Pass. Since then they have been known as Kammavaru. From that time forward, they attach much veneration to the names of Jamadagni, Renukadevi and Parasurama. On marriage occasions they first offer prayers to these, and then to their family guru, Palabhaddira. These Kammavars are divided into two classes known as Godasatu (gosha) and Gampasatu (not gosha).

It is said that in the reign of Krishna Deva Rayalu there were 1,60,000 volunteer guards, most of them were Kammavars, to protect the fortresses with in his jurisdiction.

Ravilla Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal:
From the said Godasatu class, the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal claim their descent, and their family name is Ravillavaru, which formed one of the houses, namely, Aravitivaru, Bellamvaru, Nandiyalavaru, Pemmasanivaru, Velugotivaru, Poottaharivaru, Durugantivaru, Tuluva Doralu and Ravillavaru, that helped Krishna Deva Rayalu, in maintaining the dignity and prestige of his State. Velugoti is the family name of Rajah of Venkatagiri and Pemmasani of that of the Kuruvikulam Zamindar.

The Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal owe their origin to one Ravilla Veera Mallappa Naidu of the said Godasatu clan, the Commander of the Cavalry under Krishna Deva Rayalu, The well known King of Vijayanagar, who was distinguished for great powers of organisation, as well as for keeping his feudatory chiefs under proper check. During the time of Achuta Deva Rayalu, the brother of Krishna Deva Rayalu, as the State in his charge was too vast and unwieldy for one man's power, he sent representatives dividing it into principalities and made each of them a feudatory chief. Ravilla Veera Mallappa Naidu place in charge of the countries lying between Travancore and Calicut.

He was also authorised to keep in readiness 6,000 Infantry and 400 Cavalry. Hefought an important battle on behalf of the King of Vijayanagar, which resulted in the capturing of an impregnable fort, known as "Audi Venna Droog." He subsequently took a prominent part on many other battle fields; all this won the esteem and approbation of the King who conferrred on him the Samsthanam of Sonangipuram as a Jaghir in addition to what had already been given him and which Jaghir was in the enjoyment of the family till the fall of the house of Vijayanagar. The forefathers of the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal are said to have migrated from Roya Vellore of the Vijayanagar Kingdom.

About this time, the Kingdom of Vijayanagar witnessed many scenes of horror and disaster, and the power of the Mohommedan rulers became paramount. Nizam Ali withdrew the successors to the Royalu King, and Vijayanagar lost it's glory and declined. The descendants of the said Veera Mallappa Naidu, thinking that they would not receive due honour and respect at the hands of the paramount power, found it wise and safe to leave the country of their sires, and accrodingly betook themselves to Trichinapally which was then under the sway of the Nayak Kings, originally nominated by the king of Vijayanagar. As they had already won laurels for their active military service, it was no wonder their request to the Naick King was granted, and they were admitted as Sardars. They conducted themselves so nobly and worthily that he deputed them to settle the boundary dispute that had arisen between him and the rulers of Tanjore. They brought about the successful termination of the dispute, and their services were recognised by a grant of the Jaghir of Thirukkottupalli, the Fort of Koviladi and some adjacent villages in the District of Tanjore. There is still the evidence of the existence of this fort, and the ruins thereof can be seen to this day. Another dispute of a similar nature having arisen between the two parties, the Naidus were deputed again to settle it. This time also, their mission met with success, though many fell victims to the cause. This act of velour and zealous loyally touched the sympathetic chord in the then Naick King, who granted them the Jaghir of Ilaiyarasanandaland eighteen villages surrounding it, in the District of Tinnelvelly, and both the Jaghirs were in their enjoyment for a long time.

The Naidus and the Mahommedan Kings became very intimate, and behaved more like relations than friends of different communities. While matters stood thus, the former gave away the Jaghir of Thirukottupalli and the Fort of Koviladi reffered to above as a dowry to a Begum Sahiba who claimed relationship with them as a sister.

They were, howevewr, in possession of Ilaiyarasanandal during the time of Chanda Sahib. But his successor on hearing of their antecedents and their heroic deeds, thought of wise, in his own interests, to keep them under subjection, and the best course he thought he ought to adopt to execute his design was by laying an imposition on them, and thus converted the Jaghir into a Zamindari subject to the payment of an annual peshcush. They submitted themselves to the yoke of the ruling power and after the advent of the British, the Estate was recognised as a "Kattuguthagai Zamindari."

From the records that are forthcoming, we understand that Lakshmi Ammall, the widow of the one ninth in descent from Veera Mallappa Naidu, in order to expiate the sins committed by her husband on a number of battle fields by shedding the blood of many lives, built an Agraharam (quarters for Brahmins) and gave them as a gift some two thousand acres of dry land and also some wet lands. It is known as Lakshmiammall Puram, and is in a flourishing condition.

A little prior to the advent of the British rule, the Estate of Ilaiyarasanandal was in the joint enjoyment of two proprietors, and the sannad was therefore in the names of both of them. But the management was solely in the hands of one of them as he was more powerful than the other. This state of affairs did not last long. The latter brought a suit against the former for a partition, and eventually, the Zamindari was divided and each of the claimants got his respective share. It was Periya Ksaturi Ranga Appaswami Naidu who was the in charge of the Estate from 1772 to 1810 that filed the suit for partition. His son Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu, predeceased him.

Next in succession was Ravilla Kasturi Ranga Appaswami Naidu, who ruled from 1810 to 1822. It was during his time that the partition in an appeal against the decision of the lower court was confirmed by the High Court. He built a palace for the use of the Zenana, excavated some tanks, and raised a garden. He was succeeded by Ravilla Appaswami Naidu who was in charge of the estate from 1822 to 1854. His rule witnessed many suits for partition, and the ultimate decision was that the minor members of the family were only entitled to maintanance. He made many additions to the palatial building, the prominent of them being the Lakshmi Vilas, and the front gate of the palace. He built a choultry at Melapatti on the trunk road side of Mangammall Salai. He sank many tanks and wells. During his time, the Zamindari - especially the Pannai (home farm lands) was in a flourishing state.

Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu who came next managed the affairs of the Estate from 1854 to 1869. It was he that built the Kalyana Mahal attached to the palace. The temple dedicated to Subrahmanyaswami was one of his public benefactions. He made an addition to the Zamindari by purchasing a Muttah called Nainanagaram yielding an annual income of then thousand rupees.

Sri Ravilla Kasthuri Ranga Appaswami Naidu garu ruled the Estate from 1869 to 1900. Though arrangements for the rapid diffusion of English knowledge were not made then on so vast a scale as they are done now, yet he took pains to learn English. He was highly cultured in Sanskrit, Telugu and Tamil and Hindustani. He traveled a good deal in India, and was the friend of many great men in the country. He built some bungalows and raised a few gardens. He was loved by all, both European and Indian. With the Collectors and other high officials of the District, he was very popular. His brother Zamindars held him in great esteem and showed him much regard. Suffice it to say that he invariably won the hearts of every body he came in contact with. He received the following certificate of honor on the occasion of the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi in 1877, in recognition of his charities to the poor during the great famine of 1876, and in appreciation of his loyalty to the British Raj:-

"By command of His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor General, this certificate is presented in the name of Her Most Gracious Majesty Victoria, Empress of India, to Ravilla Kasthuri Ranga Appaswami Naicker, Kattuguttagadar of Ilaiyarasanandal, son of Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naicker, in recognition of his loyalty and fidelity to the British Government and charity to the poor."

The last Zamindar, Sri Ravilla Venkata Ranga Appaswami Naidu garu was born in 1877. He received the early part of his education in Tinnelvelly in the Hindu college and the remaining portion he got at home under able tutors. He is a good scholar in Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit. His learning in Sanskrit is of a high order; he can even compose verses. He talks and writes English well. He had the misfortunate to lose his father in 1900 when he was 23 years old. He was installed on the guddi of his ancestors four months after the demise of his father with the usual solemnities attendant on such occasions. He being the senior member of the family, is in sole charge of the Estate. He has been managing it in an efficient manner. He was a member of the Taluq and District Boards. Every charitable institution finds in him a ready patron.

Sri Ravilla Appaswami Naidu garu, the younger brother of the Zamindar, was born in 1879. He was sent to Tinnelvelly for his education, where he joined the Hindu college. He subsequently went to Madras, and by dint of energy and preseverance passed the Matriculation examination from Pachaiappa's collage, and after finishing FA course discontinued his studies. Both the brothers are very popular with their ryots, and many in the District of Tinnelvelly and Madras are their friends.

The Jaghir of Ilaiyarasanandal was formed as Mannaria (Royal) Palayapat during the time of the Naick Kings and Mr.Taylor also in his list of ancient estates puts Ilaiyarasanandal and Kuruvikulam (Pemmasani Kammavar clan) under the category of Mannaria (Royal) Palayapats. The ancestors of the Zamindars of Ilaiyarasanandal and Kuruvikulam were of one and the same caste, and both of them settled down in these parts under similar circumstances.

Part I and II of the Zamindari of Ilaiyarasanandal consists of about 32,000 acres of land subject to an annual Government peshcush of Rs.15,000. The land is mostly black cotton soil yielding a good annual crop of cotton.

The ryots of these Estates who are mostly Kammavar Naidus were in a flourishing condition, and they were very peaceful and law abiding people and litigation among them is of rare occurrence.

Friday, November 26, 2010

SAKKU GROUP is further investing Rs.312 crores for expansion of poultry & spinning operations

The Sakku Group (Paruchuri Venkata Rao, Chairman) turnover stands at Rs.320 Crores for the year 2010-11.

Sakku Group produces Eggs, Day old chicks, Cotton lint, Cotton Yarn and has its marketing network in 16 states i.e A.P, T.N, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Bengal, Assam, U.P, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Chattisgarh, and M.P.

Venkatrama Poultries Ltd., a Sakku Group company stands as the largest Egg producing company in India with a daily production of 25 lakhs (i.e) 30 Eggs per second. The company is marketing its products under the brand name “SAKKU”. The group is having wind turbine generators with an installed capacity of 4.35 M.W

Poultry breeding is one of the group activities through which “Bovans” layer chicks are bred and marketed throughout India. “Bovans” Grand Parents are imported from ISA, Netherlands. Bovans is enjoying a sizeable market share in India. The group is also planning to market “Sakku-Sasso” color broilers in India shortly. These free range birds are imported from Sasso, France. Sakku Hatcheries is the sole distributor for Bovans and Sasso in India.

Paruchuri Cotton products Pvt Ltd an ultra modern Ginning unit located in cotton hub of A.P are producing high quality cotton lint with a production capacity of 30,000 bales per annum.

Sakku group is further investing Rs.312 crores for expansion of poultry & spinning operations. Egg production is enhanced to 50 lakhs per day from existing capacity of 25 lakhs per day with an investment of Rs.200 crores. The company is establishing Environment control and pollution free poultry unit.

Enhancement of spindleage from existing 19000 spindles to 65000 spindles with an investment of 112 crores.

The above two projects are under implementation. By 2012-13 the group is expecting a turnover of Rs.650 crores from existing Rs.320 crores providing employment to 5000 people.

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Dr. Sreeni Tripuraneni Wins “ID Outstanding Achievement Award-2010”

Leading ID Management Firm gets global recognition at World ID Summit

HYDERABAD: 4G IDENTITY SOLUTIONS (4G) announces the Chairman & CEO Dr. Sreeni Tripuraneni was awarded the 2010 “ID Outstanding Achievement Award” under the annual global “ID People Awards” series, in Milan, Italy.

Dr. Sreeni Tripuraneni was presented the award at the ID World International Congress held in Milan, Italy last week where 450 leading CEOs, high ranking officials and ministers from various countries attended. ID leaders from Finland, United Kingdom, Bahrain, Nigeria and other countries competed for this award, which is considered to be the ‘Oscar’ of ID World. Dr. Sreeni Tripuraneni, after his nomination to the final round, emerged as the winner among the five contestants with highest e-voting across the globe.

It is his untiring and pioneering effort in bringing India from nowhere to the state-of-the art in biometric ID management; for developing technology and processes for emerging countries, besides successfully implementing the world's largest unique citizen ID database that brought him the award, competing with all other leading nations.

The ID People Awards are given each year to outstanding members of the ID management community who have distinguished themselves for commitment, leadership, creativity and innovation. The awards are the world’s most highly regarded recognition of contributions by thought leaders, innovators and pioneering adopters that drive the development of ID technologies.

Dr. Tripuraneni Lakshmi, Managing Director 4G said, “When we started introducing ID technologies in India in 2003, it was hard to get anyone to pay even lip service to its potential. Due to the vision and tireless efforts of Dr. Sreeni, 4G has now proven the socio-economic benefits on a large scale, while developing technologies and processes customized for India.”
It’s for the first time that India won two out of five awards at the ID World Congress as Mr. Nandan Nilekani, chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was recognized with the “ID Limelight Award.”


Dr. Sreeni Tripuraneni said, “I am humbled by this award, and I accept it on behalf of the 4G family, which has worked countless sleepless nights to overcome unbelievable odds. Our vision could hardly have seen the light of day without Mr. Nandan Nilekani providing leadership and coordination at the national level. All Indians should congratulate and be proud of Mr. Nilekani.”

The Great Mikkilineni and Pemmasani Rulers of Gandikota

Gandikota is a small village on the right bank of the river Pennar, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh.

Gandikota was one of the greatest forts of south India in its hay days and so were the kings who ruled the region. Years after its formation, Gandikota fort was ruled by the Mikkilineni dynasty of Bharadwaja gotra who belonged to a clan of Kamma lords. Kammas were kings belonging to the Solar, lunar and Haihaya clans of Kshatriyas and were said to be ferocious in nature. The kings of Gandikota were equally famous and said to be so powerful, that they could severe the heads of a horseman and the horse with a single stroke of the sword. The location of the fort and the security it offered attracted most of the enemy kings for conquering.

Raghunatha Swamy temple - Gandikota 

History of later Gandikota Kings:

In the year 1350 A.D. the Mikkilineni King Rama Naidu, who did not have sons, got his only daughter married to Pemmasani Kumara Thimma Naidu. Pemmasani Kumara Thimma Naidu was the son of Rama Naidu's brother-in-law and was the king of Bellamkonda in Guntur District. Rama Naidu then made Pemmasani Kumara Thimma Naidu as the ruler of Gandikota. Since then Gandikota was ruled by the Pemmasani rulers.

Gandikota now came into the hands of the Pemmasani rulers from the ancient Mikkilineni royal family. Raja Pemmasani Kumara Thimma Naidu was the first king of Pemmasani clan and during his period, few developmental activities took place. The original fort was strengthened and the new forts at Jammala Madugu, Vajrakarur, Kamalapuram, Tadipatri etc were also built. The forts built by Pemmasani Kumara Thimma Naidu were more lavish and striking that he was said to be contemporary form of the Vijayanagar king Bukkaraya. (I.e. around 1350 A.D.). Another member from the Naidu family, Dharma Naidu was the General of Proudha Deva Raya (or Devaraya II), the son of Vijaya Bukkaraya. Another Thimma Naidu defeated the Bahamani sultan Ahmed Shah in the battle of Kalubarige in 1420 A.D. There was yet another Thimma Naidu, during the times of Sri Krishna Deva Raya, who was a great warrior. He was well-versed in capturing the forts of Udayagiri, Addanki, Kondapalli, Rajahmundry and Cuttak.

Pemmasani Ramalinga Naidu who was appointed by Krishna Deva Raya as the supreme commander of the Vijayanagar army was the hero of the famous 'Battle of Raichur'. During this battle Ramalinga Naidu almost massacred the armies of Bahmani Sultans were had to retire from the battle. Ramalinga Naidu was said to be a very good-looking person and many poets of his era wrote poems in praise of him. Ramalinga Naidu was the man behind the construction of the famous Ramalingeswara temple in Tadipatri.

Next Naidu in the line was Bangaru Thimma Naidu who gave shelter to Aliya Rama Raya, the son-in-law of Krishna Deva Raya. Salakam Thimmayya dethroned Aliya Rama Raya and declared himself as the king with the help of the sultans. Bangaru Thimma Naidu defeated the combined armies of the Bahamanis and Salakam Thimmayya. Bangaru Thimma Naidu made Aliya Rama Raya as the king and gave him back the Vijayanagar throne. Thus, another valorous hero of Naidu clan became a folk hero and was entitled as 'Bangaru Thimma Raju'. 

After the fall of Vijayanagar Empire, the capital was shifted to Penukonda and Chandragiri was made the second capital. This second capital was constructed by Sri Ranga Raya with the support and guidance of Raja Bojja Thimma Naidu. 

Eventually, Raja Pemmasani Chinna Thimma Naidu was the last king of Gandikota. He was, entitled as "Vetaru Tuniyala Meti Vaziru" in which "Vetu" means the stroke of the sword, "Aru tuniyalu" is six pieces. It is said that Chinna Thimma Naidu was so powerful that in the battle he could cut off a horseman's head along with that of the horse with a single stroke of his sword, hence the title. After being ruled gloriously for centuries and despite holding on valiantly for many months, the fort went into the hands of Muslim invaders from Golconda in the 17th century. The Golconda armies attacked Gandikota around 1650 A.D., under the command of Mir Jumla. Mir Jumla failed to take the fort even after months of seize. Finally, with the advice of Podili Linganna, a Brahmin minister of Naidu's kingdom, Mir Jumla got Thimma Naidu poisoned and killed him. 

Years later, somewhere in 18th century, the Marathas became a menace to the people of Rayalaseema and Telangana. This made the people create stories like "Bala Nagamma Katha" that relieved them to a certain extent. The story was about Bala Nagamma, the princess of Gandikota who married the prince of Panagallu in Nalgonda. Bala Nagamma being kidnapped by a wicked Marathi 'mantrik', the hardships she suffered in his hands for many years, and finally a happy ending to the story by the marathi getting killed by Bala Nagamma's son, was the content of the story. 

This brought an end to one of the greatest episodes of Andhra history. But the legend of Gandikota and its valiant kings lived and breathed in the memories and tales of the people for many generations. 

A century later, this fort was conquered by Hyder Ali of Mysore and eventually went into the hands of the British.

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Prof BVR Chowdari honoured with "Business Event Ambassador" award at Singapore Experience Awards 2010

Prof Bobba Venkateswara Rao Chowdari from the NUS Department of Physics was named the "Business Event Ambassador" at the prestigious Singapore Experience Awards 2010 organised by the Singapore Tourism Board (STB). Prof Chowdari is the President of the Materials Research Society of Singapore (MRS-S), a post he has held for 11 years.

On his accolade, Prof Chowdari said, "The win is a glowing tribute to the MRS-S management team and the International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies Chairs/Co-Chairs, both past and present who have always been the cornerstone behind every success story of MRS-S. It is always a pleasure to see how international scientists are impressed with Singapore as a hub for high quality research."


The award citation highlighted Prof Chowdari's successful promotion of Singapore as a choice business events destination through the organisation of various international conferences in his capacity as head of MRS-S and the Asian Society for Solid State Ionics. He has initiated and organised multiple association events in Singapore, most notably the biennial ICMAT since 2001. To-date, ICMAT has attracted some 10,000 delegates which included 16 Nobel Laureates. ICMAT 2009 collected the "Association Conference of the Year" award under the Events category.


The Singapore Experience Awards event recognises individuals and organisations who have delivered the best holistic customer experience - one that packages quality product and service delivery to create a distinctive and compelling experience. Recipients come from various sectors which include hospitality, retail, dining, entertainment, attractions, business travel and MICE, education and healthcare.

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Media & Entertainment)

News papers
1) Eenadu - Cherukuri Ramoji Rao
2) Andhra Jyothi - Vemuri Radha Krishna

Television
1) ETV - Cherukuri Ramoji Ravo
2) Gemini - Akkineni Manohara Prasad (Founder and stake holder)
3) MAA - (MAA - Music, MAA Music) Nimmagadda Prasad, Akkineni Nagarjuna (Majority stake holders)
4) TV9 - Velicheti Ravi Prakash
5) ETV2 - Cherukuri Ramoji Rao
6) ABN - Vemuri RadhaKrishna
7) TV 5 - Bollineni Rajagopala Naidu
8) NTV - Tummala Narendranath chowdary
8) Studio N - Jr.NTR
9) Mahaa TV - Inaganti Venkatarao
10) I News - Tummala Narendra, Sabbineni Surendra
11) ATV - Anil Sunkara
12) Bhakti - Tummala Narendranath Chowdary
13) Vanitha - Tummala Narendranath Chowdary
14) Channel 4 - NT Chowdary (Nageli Thirupalappa Chowdary)
15) CVR News - Chalasani Venkateswara Rao
16) CVR Health - Chalasani Venkateswara Rao
17) TV6 - Nara Lokesh

Orissa govt, Navayuga in pact to build port

Bhubaneswar: Orissa government on Monday signed a concession agreement with Navayuga Engineering Company (Chinta Visveswara Rao, Chairman) to set up a port with a capacity of 25 MTPA, at an investment of Rs 6,500 crore in Puri district. The state government signed the concession agreement, almost two years after concluding an MoU with the Hyderabad-based developer Navayuga on December 12, 2008.

Monday, November 22, 2010

Nidhi Surapaneni wins AITA Juniors Titles

Calcuttta 21 Nov: Top seed Nidhi Surapaneni of AP won the final U-14 girls’ singles pipping Jenifer at the AITA junior tennis championship series. The girls' doubles under 14 title also went to Nidhi Surapaneni of Andhra Pradesh and Shreya Das of West Bengal.

Sunday, November 21, 2010

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Transport & Logistics)

Goods Transport:
1) SRMT (Sri Ramadas Motor Transport)
2) Navata Road Transport
3) BMPS (Bhasrat Motor Parcel Service)

Sea and Air Cargo:
1) Far N Par
2) SeaBird Sea and Air Logistics (Seaways Group)

Passenger Transport:
1) Kesineni Travels
2) Sri Kaleswari Travels
3) Sri Venkata Ramana Travels
4) Sri Krishna Travels
5) KVR Travels
6) SRKT Travels
7) SVR Tours and Travels
8) Model Travels
9) Kaveri Kamakshi Travels
10) Sri Krishna Travels

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Agri business)

Agri Business

1) Nuziveedu seeds
2) Vibha seeds
3) Nandi seeds
4) Bhagiradha chemicals
5) Naturol Bio Energy
6) Sivashakthi Bioplantech
7) Spisys Limited
8) Kilaru Naturals P. Ltd.,

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Sea Ports and Shipping)

1) Krishnapatnam Port (Navayuga Engineering)
2) Machilipatnam Port (Navayuga Engineering)
3) Vadarevu and Nizampatnam Port (VANPIC)

4) Kakinada Sea Port (Kakinada Seaports Limited)
5) Reva Port - Maharashtra (Ammalines)
6) Seaways Group (Shipping)

Asian Games chess: Bronze for Harika Dronavalli

India’s Harika Dronavalli claimed the bronze in the women’s individual chess at the Asian Games here on Tuesday.

Chinese top-seed Hou Yifan won the gold while compatriot Zhao Xue got the silver.

Grand Master Yifan won seven rounds and drew one to score 7.5 points. Xue, also a grand master, won six matches, drew one and lost one to finish with 6.5 points. Harika, with five wins, two losses and one draw, scored 5.5 points to come third.

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Yarlagadda nominated to UGC Central Hindi Language Implementation Committee

Visakhapatnam, 15th Nov: Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad has been nominated member of the University Grants Commission Central Hindi Language Implementation Committee.

The committee will oversee the implementation of Hindi language in 31 Central universities and also look into starting Hindi departments in various universities and examine their functioning.
It will also review Hindi computerisation, records, correspondence, organisation of conferences and appointment of officials for implementation of Hindi and other aspects.


While Dr. Lakshmi Prasad will lead the committee, there are four other members drawn from Kendirya Hindi Parishad, and the departments of Home, Human Resource Development, and UGC.

Monday, November 15, 2010

Karuturi Global Eyes East African Markets for Crops Grown on Ethiopia Land

Karuturi Global Ltd., an Indian food processor, plans to exploit East Africa’s market potential by selling crops grown on land leased from Ethiopia’s government within the region, Chief Executive Officer Sai Ramakrishna Karuturi said.

The company, based in Bangalore, will produce commodities including palm oil, sugar and rice on 312,000 hectares of rented land. The intention is to sell the crops within the 19-member
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Karuturi said in an interview on Nov. 10 in Addis Ababa, the capital.

Neighboring and regional countries are increasingly becoming the largest buyers of Ethiopian goods, according to
Access Capital. Somalia and Sudan, for example, are both individually larger export markets for Ethiopia than the U.S., Italy, or Great Britain, the Addis Ababa-based research company said in a report last month.

Karuturi has an agreement to provide 40,000 tons of rice to neighboring
Djibouti and a proposed Comesa customs agreement may lead to domestically produced rice gaining preferential access to Kenya, he said. The company also sees “large potential” in the Ethiopian palm oil, rice and sugar market. Average annual sugar consumption in the country is 6 kilograms (13.2 pounds) per capita, compared with 30 kilograms internationally.

“There are still a lot of Ethiopians who don’t know what sugar tastes like,” Karuturi said. Rice consumption may expand to 100,000 tons from 22,000 tons “if I can deliver rice at 10 birr ($0.61) a kilogram,” he said.

Palm Oil
Per capita edible oil consumption is also relatively low in Ethiopia, according to Karuturi. The intention is to sell the 80,000 tons of palm oil produced on an Ethiopian market that he expects to expand threefold to 300,000 tons per year.

Ethiopia plans to rent out 3 million hectares (5 million acres) of land, an area the size of Belgium, over the next five years to private investors to grow cash crops and generate foreign exchange, the Agriculture Ministry said last month.

Karuturi plans to have a third of its 300,000-hectare plot in Gambella, in western Ethiopia, developed by April 2013 and the whole farm ready for planting by April 2015, the CEO said. The company has invested $90 million dollars in the project so far and has budgeted a further $260 million, he said.

Water is abundant in Gambella and the company will build its own irrigation and energy infrastructure rather than rely on an “over-burdened government,” Karuturi said.

Baro River
Two tug boats have been purchased to transport goods via the Baro River to destinations including Lake Victoria on the Ugandan border and Port
Sudan on the Red Sea coast.

The Baro River is the “only navigable” waterway in Ethiopia, Karuturi said. “It puts us right into the heart of East Africa.”


Critics of Ethiopia’s land leasing program have said the process has displaced residents. Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia, a Washington-based advocacy group, said the government has told many people in Gambella they will be removed from their homes to make way for the Karuturi farm.

Karuturi said no one has been displaced as Gambella is the “most thinly populated area in this part of the world.”


Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Food & Food Processing)

1) Heritage foods
2) Galla Foods
3) Avanti Feeds
4) Devi Sea Foods
5) Srinivasa Hacheries
6) Tirumala Milk
7) Vasista Foods& Fats
8) Nekkanti Sea Foods
9) Kanderi Fruitpack P. Ltd

Saturday, November 13, 2010


Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Engineering & Infra)

1) Lanco Infratech
2) Soma Enterprises
3) Madhucon Projects
4) Progressive Constructions
5) BSCPL Infrastructures
6) Navayuga Engineering
7) GVR Infra
8) Navabharat Ventures
9) Costal Projects
10) Malaxmi Infra Ventures
12) Transtroy (India) Limited
13) MVR Infra Projects P Ltd.,
14) KMV Projects
15) Ratna Infrastructure Projects P Ltd
16) SEW Infrastructure
17) BSR Infratech
18) RVR Projects P. Ltd.,
19) Kasukurthi Sujatha Constructions P. Ltd.,
20) SVEC Constructions
21) KVK Energy and Infrastructure P Ltd
22) RCM Infrastructure Limited
22) Srinivasa Edifice P Ltd
23) APEX Encon Projects P Ltd

Kamma Business/Industry - Sugar Sector

Sugar factories own and run by Kammas 

1) Andhra sugars (Tanuku, Taduvai, Bhimadol)
Dr. Mullapudi Harischandra Prasad: Chairman & Managing Director
http://www.theandhrasugars.com/

2) KCP sugars (Vuyyuru, Lakshmipuram)
Velagapudi Rama Krishna: Founder Late. Velagapudi Maruthi Rao: Managing Director
http://www.kcpsugar.com/

3) NSL Sugars 
Kothakota, Mahaboobnagar Dist - Telangana
Koppa, Mandya Dist - Karnataka
Aland, Gulbarga Dist - Karnataka
Siruguppa, Bellary Dist- Karnataka
Majalgaan, Beed District - Maharashtra
Mandava Prabhakara Rao: Chairman & MD
http://www.nslsugars.com/

4) Rajshree sugars
Zaheerabad, Medak Dist - Telangana
Varadaraj Nagar, Theni Dist - Tamilnadu
Mundiampakkam, Villupuram Dist - Tamilnadu
Gingee, Thiruvannamalai Dist - Tamilnadu
Ms.Rajshree Pathy: Chairperson & Managing Director
http://www.rajshreesugars.com/

5) Jeypore sugars (Chagallu, Pothavaram)
Mrs.Rajeswary Ramakrishnan: Chairman & Managing Director
http://www.jeyporesugars.com/

6) Madhucon sugars (Palair)
Nama Nageswara Rao: Founder Chairman
http://www.madhucon.com/about1.html#sugars

7) Sree Kakatiya sugars (Kallur)
Pallempati Venkateswarlu, Chairman & Managing Director
http://www.kakatiyacements.com/sugarsite.asp

8) Deccan sugars (Samalkot)
Panda Trivikram Prasad: Managing Director
http://www.nbventures.com/

9) Sri Sarvaraya sugars (Chelluru)
Mrs. Sri Balusu Raja Rajeswaramma: Managing Director

10) KCP – Mayura sugars (Sri Kalahasti)
Suddalagunta Jayaram Chowdary, Chairman & MD

11) Core Green Sugar & Fuels Pvt. Ltd (Tumkur, Yadgir Dist, Karnataka)
Srinivas Sreeramaneni - Managing Director
http://www.coregreen.in/

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Real Estate & Housing)

1) Jana Chaitanya Housing
2) Pragathi Resorts
3) Lahari Resorts
4) Srimithra Estates (Mount Opera)
5) Meenakshi group
6) Aliens group
7) Jayabheri group
8) Trendset Buliders
9) Bhavya constructions
10) Krishnaja constructions
11) Vijay Nirman company
12) Raghava Estates
13) Manikya Homes
14) Divya Shakti Housing constructions
15) Kavuri Hills Developers
16) Doyen Constructions
17) Quantum Build-Tech
18) Narne Estates
19) Raghava Estates (Vijayawada)

Friday, November 12, 2010

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Electrical/Electronics & Telecom sector)

1) Amararaja Batteries
2) Vijai Electricals
3) Sujana Towers
4) IComm Tele Limited
5) HBL Nife Power
6) MIC Electronics
7) Efftronics Systems
8) Aster Tele services
9) Sujana Industries
10) Solar Semiconductor

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Cement & Ceramics)

1) KCP cements
2) Kakatiya cements
3) Suvarna cements
4) Sri Jayajothi cements Ltd., (Jaya Vilas Group)
5) Hemadri cements (Keerthi Industries)

6) Bhavya cements
7) Centini ceramics
8) Spartek ceramics
9) Regency ceramics
10) Neycer India (Ceramics)

11) Segno ceramics
11) Modern Roofings (Cement roofing)
12) OCTL (Tubular cement pipes)
13) Robo Sand 

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (Pharma Sector)

1) Divis labs
2) Bharat Biotech International
3) Matrix Labs
4) SMS Pharma
5) Natco Pharma
6) Vimta labs
7) Granuels India
8) Laurus Labs
9) Suven Life Sciences
10) Vani Chemicals
11) Kekule Pharma
12) Actus Pharma
13) Anu Labs
14) Zenotech Labs
15) Legend Drugs
16) Vasanth Chemicals
17) Krebs Biochem
18) Inventa chemicals
19) Neo Medichem
20) Sipra Labs
21) Vivin Laboratories P. Ltd.,

Thursday, November 11, 2010

Kamma Business/Industry - AP (IT/ Software Sector)

1) ZEN Technologies
2) Avantel
3) Prolifics IT Solutions (Formerly SemanticSpace Technologies)
4) Trigyn Technologies
5) Stampede Capital Ltd.,
6) Tera Software
7) Promantra Synergy Solutions
8) Ananth Technologies
9) Phoenix IT Solutions 
10) Capital IQ
11) Brogade BPO
12) Transdyne
13) Bartronics
14) Worldtek
15) Conexant Systems India
16) Symbiosis Technologies
17) Corpus Media Labs
18) Navayuga Infotech
19) SoftPro Global
20) 4G Identity Solutions
21) Versant Technologies
22) 7 seas Entertainment Limited (Technologies)
23) SoftSol India
24) Prithvi Info
25) Sankhya Technologies

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Kamma Business and Industrial establishments in Karnataka

1) United Telecoms Limited
2) SPM India
3) Hind High Vacume
4) Solectron EMS India
5) Honeywell Technology solutions Lab
6) The Bobba Group (Airlines & Aviation)
7) Karuturi Global
8) Reddy Veeranna Group of Companies (Construction and Infra)
9) Manyata Tech park
10) SCM Sugars
11) Deepak cables
12) DM Cements

13) Trigyn Technologies
14) WIWO mobiles

15) Lahari Audio
16) LEO Group (Construction and Granite)
17) Movva Associates
18) Greensol Power Systems

19) Centum Electronics
20) Suma Springs
21) Loyalty solutions and Research
22) Favorich Group (Favorich Argo and Food Park)
      (Cherukuru Jayadev Naidu - Chairman and MD)

Wednesday, November 3, 2010

Darnestown Resident Katragadda Aruna Miller Becomes Newest State Delegate

Katragadda Aruna Miller -- a transportation engineer, Darnestown resident and mother of three -- became the newest member of the House of Delegates for District 15 Tuesday, after handily defeating Republican opponents.

With all 39 precincts reporting in District 15, incumbents Kathleen Dumais and Brian Feldman took the most votes with 20.69 and 20.35 percent of the votes respectively. Aruna came in third with 18.80 percent of the votes, beating the most voted for Republican, Graham Scott, by more than 4 percent of the votes.

Aruna celebrated with her family and friends at Pasha Lounge in the Kentlands on Tuesday night.

"I couldn't have done this without the support of my husband, my family and my kids," said Aruna.

District 15 State Senator Rob Garagiola also stopped by to congratulate Aruna. In a speech, Aruna credited Garagiola for encouraging her to enter the race.

Several of Aruna's relatives and friends traveled from other states and regions to support her and help campaign at the polls.

Among them was her uncle, Mohan Katragadda, who she described as the patriarch of her family. He traveled from Chicago.

"We are very excited," said Katragadda.

Katragadda recently held a fundraiser in Chicago for Aruna with the Indian community. Several Indian newspapers and television stations covered the event, and the news was broadcast in the area of Hyderabad in the state of Andhra Pradesh, where their family originally came from.
"The whole of Andhra Pradesh will be excited for her," said Katragadda.

Aruna's sister-in-law Neelima Katragadda traveled from Indianappolis to support her.
"All the family was out at the polls today," said Neelima. "Family from India called and said they saw her broadcasted."

Bazil Thomas, an old family friend who lives in Michigan, said support for Aruna has gone beyond just her family.

"There's family, friends and the network, it all becomes like a big family," said Thomas. "The Indian community can be very loyal."

Aruna said she expects to see even more of her extended family and network to travel to Maryland when she is sworn into office in January.

About Katragadda Aruna:

Aruna Miller was born in Ventrapragada village, Krishna Dist, AP, India and arrived in the United States in 1972. Along with her two siblings and parents, Aruna lived in Poughkeepsie, New York, where IBM employed her father Katragadda Venkata Rama Rao as a mechanical engineer. She attended public schools in New York and then attended Missouri University of Science and Technology in Rolla, where she was graduated with a degree in Civil Engineering.

In 1990, Aruna moved to Montgomery County, Maryland where she married her college sweetheart, David Miller. Aruna and David have been happily married for twenty years and have three daughters: Meena, Chloe, and Sasha who attend Montgomery County Public Schools.

Through her career as a transportation engineer, Aruna has worked in Virginia, Hawaii, and California. However for the last twenty years, she has been employed by Montgomery County as a transportation engineer. She has overseen programs that advanced access to schools, employment centers, and community facilities that are safe for pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, and those with disability.

As a Democrat, Aruna has worked on fund raising efforts for presidential candidates and also has worked as a precinct official. In December 2006, Aruna successfully ran to represent Montgomery County Democrats as an At-Large member of the Montgomery County Democratic Central Committee. As a member of the Central Committee, she helped initiate New Voter Education to motivate and mobilize young people to take advantage of their right to vote. She also chairs Serving Our Communities (SOC), an initiative to strengthen communities with volunteers to promote core Democratic values such as healthcare, education, and protection of our environment. SOC strives to cultivate leadership, philanthropy, and foster respect for all. To date, SOC has volunteered their talents to Women Who Care, The Tree House, S.H.A.R.E [Self Help and Resource Exchange], Montgomery County Homeless Coalition, and Friends of Sligo Creek.
Aruna also serves on the Board of Directors for the Montgomery County Public Schools Educational Foundation, Inc. (MCPS EF). The MCPS EF provides scholarships for MCPS students and academic-enriching opportunities for students/staff through grants. Since its inception, the MCPS EF has awarded more than 1 million dollars in scholarships in addition to more than $900,000 in grants.

Aruna is fortunate to have served the residents of Montgomery County for the past twenty years.

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Rao Anumolu gets highest U.S. immigrant civilian award

Indian-American Rao Anumolu, president and CEO of a technology services company, has been felicitated with the prestigious Ellis Island Medal of honour, highest civilian award in the U.S. for the immigrants.

Mr. Anumolu, president and CEO of ASR International Corporation, received standing ovation from a gathering of business leaders, academicians, technology leaders, and politicians at an event held at Long Island, New York last weekend.
Ellis Island Medal of Honor recognizes recipients for outstanding contributions to their communities, their nation and the world.

It is the highest civilian award in the U.S. for immigrants - for their contributions in the development of this country.

Both the United States House of Representatives and Senate have officially recognized the Ellis Island Medal of Honor and the recipients are read into the Congressional Record.

Past Medalists include six U.S. Presidents, Nobel Prize winners and leaders of industry, education, the arts, sports and government.

Former Congressman George J. Hochbrueckner was the chief guest of the event, who acknowledged Mr. Anumolu’s contributions and congratulated him on behalf of the New York Congressional delegation.

Vijayawada born Anumolu came to the US in 1969 and obtained a Masters degree in Industrial Engineering and also an MBA degree from the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago.

He has attended several Advanced Management Programs at Defence Systems Management College, Harvard University and Wharton School of Business Management.

Recently he has graduated from the Owner/President Management Program (OPM) at Harvard Business School (HBS).

In 2003, he was cited by the US Congress for the contributions made by him and ASR International Corporation towards homeland security in USA. The cost-effective technology and systems deployed by ASR to protect the nation's airports, waterways, railroads and highways were specifically mentioned in Congressional citation.

Kamma Business/ Industrial establishments in Tamilnadu

Some of the Listed and unlisted companies owned by Kammas established in Tamilndu

1) KG Group (KG Denim, KG Hospital etc.,)
2) PSG Group (Business, Educational Institutions, Hospital)
3) Lakshmi Machine works (LMW)
4) Lakshmi Mills
5) BGR Energy Systems
6) Cethar Vessels
7) Star Health and Allied Insurance
8) UMS Group (Electrical and Electronics Equipments)
9) Suguna Group (Pumps and Foundry)
10) Elgi Eqipments
11) LG Balakrishnan and Bros.,
12) Rajshree Sugars
13) Sri Venkatesa Group (Spinning and Ginning Mills)
14) Suguna Poultry
15) Premier Mills
16) Pioneer Hatcheries
17) Sri Jayavilas Group (Textiles, Power, Transport)
18) Super Spinng Mills
19) PRICOT Group (Textiles and Fabrics)
20) PRICOL
21) CRI Pumps
22) Trimax International (Mining and Minerals)

23) Archean Group (Mining and Minerals, shipping & Power)
24) Beardsell Ltd.,
25) Eltex Group (Engineering, Textiles, Flour milling, Foundry)
26) Srinivasa Shipping and Property Development

27) 
Uniply Industries
28) CPC (P) Ltd., (Castings)
29) Rakindo Developers (Real Estate and Construction, SEZ)
30) VGN Group (Real Estate and Construction)
31) Good Leather Group
32) Appasamy Associates (Real Estate, Medical Equipment)
33) Sharada Terry Products
34) Mahendra Pumps 

35) Fisher pumps (Division of Sharp tools)
36) KGISC (IT SEZ)
37) Argee Equipment
38) Impiger Technologies
39) Technosoft Corporation
40) Dhandapani Foundry (DPF Pumps)
4i) Crystal Clothing
42) Veejay Lakshmi engineering Works 

43) Sri Kumaran Mills 
44) Sri Varadaraja Textiles
45) Sri Karthikeya Spinning and weaving mills Ltd.,
46) LS Mills
47) Sri Ananda Kumar Mills
48) Sri Lakshmi Saraswathi Mills (Arni) Ltd.,
49) SoundaraRaja Mills 

50) Shri Ramalinga Mills Ltd (Aruppukottai)
51) Sri Jayajothi Power Management Company P. Ltd
52) Lakshmi Electrical Control systems
53) SARA ELGI group 

54) Perfect Engineers 
55) Elgitread India Ltd
56) Elgi Ultra Industries Ltd (Ultra Grinders)
57) Nayagi Fire works
58) Sri Ramji Fire Works
59) Vijay Fire Works

60) Ravilla Aerospace Industries P.Ltd.,

Monday, November 1, 2010

WIWO Mobile Phones launched

Bangalore: The Bangalore based United Telecoms Ltd (Chalasani Basavapurnaiah, chairman) pioneers in Information & Communication Technology Solutions, announced the launch of WIWO mobiles, the first of its kind radiation certified handsets in India which alsooffer user menus in five Indian languages. A perfect blend of style, sophistication, andperformance, WIWO offers an ‘Indian solution’ by providing regional customers a choiceof 5 Indian language menus; Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi apart fromEnglish. With a peppy tagline “the new hello”, WIWO enters the market with eight brandnew, eye-catching, world class design models, loaded with innovative features andapplications.

This feature rich and affordable range of mobile handsets from WIWO comes to themarket with trend-setting designs and a horde of differentiating features like noisecancelling ear plugs, dual battery, replaceable extra speaker, WIWO user interface andanimation, motion sensor and power torch. Additional features like 3.5mm music jack inlow end phones, camera, bluetooth and expandable memory make the WIWO phones anexciting buy for the discerning consumer.

In addition to this, WIWO has another surprise in store for all its customers. Asan introductory offer, every customer buying a WIWO handset will get shoppingvouchers enabling him to avail super offers on his favourite brands. Customers can getdiscounts across brands like Sonata watches, VIP luggage, Sun Direct DTH connection,Peter England garments and Prestige Super Kitchen products using these vouchers.

WIWO Mobiles will be initially launched in South India supported with wide servicenetwork of 125 centres in more than 100 locations across South India and then will berolled out nationally in the next three months.

WIWO Mobiles are priced between ` 2099/- and ` 4299/- and are available at leadingstores across South India.

With a projected turnover of ` 270 Cr, ` 460 Cr and ` 690 Cr in 2011, 2012 and2013 respectively, WIWO Mobiles future plans include an in house Product Design &Development lab at the cost of ` 5 Cr and a Product Testing & Simulation lab at the costof ` 5 Cr by 2011. The company also plans to spend ` 125 Cr on marketing over the next3 years.

United Telecoms group is a Bangalore based, 3-decade old ICT Solutions Companywith wide experience in setting up telecom networks, e-governance networks andsolutions across various sectors. The group is today considered a benchmark in thetelecommunication industry for its research and development, world class products,pioneering achievements and cost effective technology solutions.

The United Telecoms group is the first Indian company to develop futuristic opticaltransmission 10G DWDM technology and is among the top 2 suppliers of landline phonesin India. While 1 out of 4 landline calls in India is made through Preetel phones suppliedby United Telecoms, 1 out of 4 landline calls in India is routed through an exchangesupplied by United Telecoms, thus speaking of the reach of this famed group. The UTLgroup is also the first and largest e-governance company having deployed networks andapplications impacting over 40% of the Indian population.

The United Telecoms group promoted JT Mobiles became the first cellular operator inSouthern India, by starting operations in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in1995. JT Mobiles was subsequently merged into Airtel.